San Francisco Chronicle, May 9, 2014 (emphasis added): Abalone massacre pinned on microscopic coastal killer [...] in 2011 [it] turned the pristine coastal waters into a graveyard, with the rotting carcasses of red abalone, sea urchins, starfish and other mollusks strewn along the shoreline from Bodega Bay and Fort Ross to Anchor Bay [a 50 mile stretch]. A team of scientists [blamed the] carnage on a mysterious poison-producing micro-organism known as Gonyaulax spinifera, a species of phytoplankton virtually unheard of in this part of the world. Laura Rogers-Bennett, the senior environmental scientist for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, said the creature is as bizarre as it is deadly. [...] The conundrum, Rogers-Bennett said, is that the blooms aren’t always toxic [and] are mostly beneficial, she said. [...] previously unknown blooms of toxic algae are suddenly proliferating along the California coast, killing wildlife and [...] have recently been bigger and have occurred more frequently than before. [...] The scientists found [the abalone had] alterations in 30 genes, some of them unknown to science, and determined their function was to detoxify the body [...]
UC Davis, April 16, 2014: In August 2011, thousands of dead red abalone washed up on the beaches of Sonoma County in Northern California. At the time, the cause was unknown [...] “Parts of the genome were significantly different than what you’d expect by chance,” said Rogers-Bennett [...] When they investigated those outliers, they found that their function was to aid in detoxification.
Taniguchi: “Red tides happen every year, but having a large, significant die-off due to one is very rare [...] Along the Sonoma County coastline, we’ve never seen it.”
Matt Mattison, 28-year abalone diver: [He] was stunned [...] “Like going up to an old growth forest and then coming back and it’s been clear cut [...] I have never seen anything like this.”
Bill Mashek, 30-year abalone diver: He was taken aback after diving [...] “I wasn’t ready for what I saw. [...] I have just never seen anything like that before.”
From Dec. 2013: “Weird things” happening on California coast: Previously unknown toxic algae blooms proliferating — TV: Mystery strandings of large squid covered miles and experts baffled… “essentially killing themselves, it’s just really weird” (VIDEO)
Published: May 12th, 2014 at 10:54 am ET