FORUM: General Discussion Thread for Feb. 9 – 13, 2012

Published: February 9th, 2012 at 12:08 am ET


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Published: February 9th, 2012 at 12:08 am ET


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393 comments to FORUM: General Discussion Thread for Feb. 9 – 13, 2012

  • Stacy

    Wasn't judging, rather was confirming to "enough" that someone else had problems. And actually I did not think it was an admin issue, rather I wondered if the site had been hacked or something. That's all. And yes: There are problems all over the world…

    • dharmasyd dharmasyd

      Thanks Stacy, for your reply. All you say is accurate and respectful. I'm sorry if I jumped to unwarranted assumtions. I think I'm a little on edge!
      Nice to meet you!

  • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

    Suspension of Weapon-Grade Plutonium Fuel Use
    Hazardous fuel behavior another setback for troubled energy department program, has implications for other reactors
    August 4, 2008

    “Citing the recent failure of an experimental plutonium fuel assembly test at a South Carolina nuclear plant, two watchdog groups today called on the Department of Energy (DOE) to suspend a risky, multibillion dollar program that would use 37 tons of surplus nuclear weapons plutonium for U.S. nuclear reactor fuel.

    “Friends of the Earth (FOE) and the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) discovered that the test, scheduled to run for four-and-a-half years to demonstrate the safety of mixed-oxide (or MOX) fuel in Duke Energy's Catawba nuclear reactor, had to be aborted after only three years. The fuel assemblies, produced by the French state-owned company AREVA, grew abnormally long in the reactor. This excessive growth is a safety hazard, the groups said, because it can deform and damage the MOX fuel. Duke Energy informed the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) about the aborted test in a June 10 report.

    "’The failure of the plutonium fuel experiment is another major setback for the MOX program, and will further increase the already considerable cost overruns, delays and risks,’ said Tom Clements, FOE's Southeastern Nuclear Campaign coordinator, who is based in Columbia, South Carolina. ‘Congress needs to pull the plug before even more taxpayer money is wasted.’….”

  • Stacy

    It's ok. Everyone….including me…is a little on edge these days. I've been reading this site for a long time I just don't usually comment or post. My theory is if you don't have something factual to post, then don't muddy the waters. I think this site is a great resource and certainly I have relied upon it for guidance in a variety of areas. I can only imagine the work that goes into it and am grateful for those efforts.

  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    Aren't the US troops drawing back from there to Guam…?
    Gee…I wonder why….
    or was it from the mainland to Okinawa?

  • Bobby1

    A German village where every house has a cancer patient

    A village in Germany has left health experts baffled as almost every household there has a resident suffering from cancer, a media report said Monday.

    The Wewelsfleth village with a population of 1,500 has been dubbed the "village of the damned", said the Daily Mail.

    Village mayor Ingo Karstens, who lost two wives to cancer, said: "It feels like a curse."

    Researchers from the University of Lubeck investigated the phenomenon and found cases of breast, lung, oesophageal, womb and stomach cancer.

    They could, however, find no cause for the deadly disease.

    Residents have blamed three nearby nuclear power plants and a shipyard where vessels were reportedly sprayed with toxic paint. Villagers say wind and rain blew in cancer-causing particles from those place into their homes.

  • lam335 lam335

    Enviroment Pollution in Japan on Monday, 13 February, 2012 at 10:59 (10:59 AM) UTC.
    High levels of radioactive cesium have been detected in noodles produced in Okinawa, apparently because they were made with water filtered by ashes from Fukushima-produced wood. The noodles, called "Okinawa soba," had a level of radioactivity of 258 becquerels of cesium per kilogram. The restaurant that produced them had kneaded them with water filtered by the ashes of Fukushima Prefecture-produced wood. The Forestry Agency on Feb. 10 notified prefectures across Japan not to use ashes made from wood or charcoal in cooking if the materials were lumbered or produced in Fukushima Prefecture, Tokyo and 15 other prefectures following the outbreak of the Fukushima nuclear disaster in March last year, even if the wood or charcoal bore levels of cesium lower than the government-set standard — 40 becquerels per kilogram for cooking wood and 280 becquerels per kilogram for charcoal. According to the agency, the cesium contamination of Okinawan noodles surfaced on Feb. 7 in testing conducted by the Okinawa Prefectural Government. An ensuing survey found 468 becquerels of cesium in cooking wood that was distributed through the same route as the one for wood delivered to the restaurant. The central government set a standard on Nov. 2 last year stating that the radioactivity of cesium concentrated by burning wood or charcoal should not exceed 8,000 becquerels per kilogram — a level allowed for landfill at disposal sites. However, methods for examining the concentration were not established until Nov. 18, while the cooking wood in question was shipped on Nov. 7. "We had not assumed that ashes would be used in food processing (when we drew up the standard)," said a Forestry Agency official. Ashes are used in kneading noodles and sometimes in removing the bitter taste, or "aku" from devil's tongue and wild vegetables.


  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    This is gone ..I hope someone downloaded it…
    They are trying to say it was animation..
    I suppose this is animation too.
    This reeks of the Yakuza..

    • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

      Ps….and the stench of the CIA.

      • StillJill StillJill

        I'm with ya Heart!

        Some here say that the TPTB, and Yakuza will wake up and see the error of their ways,…and choose alternative energy. I for one, am not that evolved yet. I am hoping they eat enough 'road dust' and return to where ever they came.

        Some say 'tomato', and some say,….:-)

    • It has been altered and re-taped with something reflected on screen to cause the glaring fire like look, it washes out the foreground and that could not be done from the place it is, has to be projected onto the screen from outside and taped from a cam separate of the source ! I seen these before when they first came out the Glare was added ! Only the fire rocks being shot from volcano and the video was much better quality ! This is a 2nd or 3rd generation dub taping !

  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    Nuclear event ..Sequoyah Npp…non nuclear part phrasing..

    • StillJill StillJill

      I care Heart! When I heard about all the babies dying off of the cape of Africa,…presumably from the pirated, 'mafia-like' dumping of nuclear and pharmaceutical WASTE,…seeing the sickness there now from us,…well you know, human GREED! Makes me an activist ON THE SPOT! I had no idea,…but that's no longer a good enough excuse I know!

      This line jumped out, as ALWAYS,….see if you catch the 'stock and trade BS: "Shell announced Wednesday that the Bonga spill likely was less than 40,000 barrels, or 1.68 million gallons."

      Give me a freakin' break already! 🙂

      • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

        @StillJill..I know YOU…it's just that the world does not.
        It's been the pillage thing since..the early days of the British explorers.
        It seems Tarzan is not the man he made himself out to be!

        • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

          PS.It really goes on and on in,oil,minerals, human labor…secret bioweapons labs..

  • enoughalready45 enoughalready45

    Event for those of you in Chicagoland…

    The local anti-nuclear group, Nuclear Energy Information Service, NEIS, is hosting the following:

    NEIS LAUNCHES "KNOW-NUKES!" MONTHLY FILM SERIES: It's been a long time coming, but NEIS will finally launch its monthly film series on nuclear issues. The first several films will be shown at the Multi-Kulti community center on the northside of Chicago. But, later in the year we intend to show films at other venues in the Chicago area (if you know of good venues, let us know). Free-will offerings will be accepted; but no one will be turned away for inability to pay. A schedule is attached, and will soon be posted on the NEIS website — watch for changes and additions there. Hope to see you.

  • enoughalready45 enoughalready45


    Saturday, May 19th



    Chicago—Legendary singer Bonnie Raitt and her band will be performing at the Chicago Theatre in Chicago on Saturday, May 19th. She will hosting a special benefit reception following her show with singer songwriter Marc Cohn, in support of the Nuclear Energy Information Service (NEIS).

    Preferred Gold and Green Circle seating tickets for the concert and the special after-concert dessert “meet-and-greet” reception with Bonnie Raitt go on pre-sale Thursday, February 9th at noon EST, only at Public tickets will go on sale Saturday, February 11th at regular outlets. Tickets for the “meet-and-greet” are partially tax deductible.

    Bonnie Raitt is touring again in 2012 after a two year respite and will premiere her new album Slipstream, which will be released on April 2nd. Bonnie is a nine time Grammy winner and inductee into the Rock N Roll Hall of Fame. She has an amazing 58 other recordings. She is a well known, long time social change activist and is a founding member of The Blues Foundation and Musicians United for Safe Energy (MUSE) among others. Bonnie's web site: , is very complete and up to date with information on Bonnie and all of her work, including her activism. She has been a supporter of NEIS for over 20 years.

    “Bonnie is not only well known as a great musician, but a dedicated social activist,” notes Dave Kraft, director of NEIS. “We are grateful that she would support NEIS so generously to carry on work for something so personally important to her — a less nuclear world.”


    • enoughalready45 enoughalready45

      NEIS ( is a Chicago based 30-year old nuclear power watchdog organization that promotes safe energy alternatives to nuclear power. “We’re thrilled that Bonnie would pick Chicago – the birthplace of the Nuclear Age – to highlight the safe-energy anti-nuclear message,” Kraft continued. “She’s been supporting this message for over 30 years, and all the events – Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and now Fukushima – have proven her right. NEIS is honored by Bonnie’s support to continue to promote this vision for a safe-energy future, a vision we both share.”

      The Guacamole fund has worked with Bonnie and other members of the musicians’ community for over 35 years for peace with justice, the environment and a non nuclear future. More information is available at, and


    by Sara Shannon
    Winter, 1998

    Low level radioactivity includes the on-going amount of
    radiation released from the everyday operation of the
    world's 433 nuclear power plants, plus leaks and accidents.

    (1) INFERTILITY Radiation causes infertility. The global fertility rate has dropped nearly half since 1955.

    (2) WEAKENED IMMUNE SYSTEM Radiation weakens the immune system. A hundred nation study on quality of health found the United States was number one in 1943. By 1992, the United States was number 100, according to a U.S. Public Health Statistics Report. Globally health is deteriorating with incidence of cancer, heart, allergies and infectious diseases increasing.

    (3) MUTATED VIRUS AND BACTERIA Even at low levels radiation may increase mutations of bacteria and virus. Mutations are causing the appearance of new diseases such as Reyes Syndrome, Legionnaire's Disease and Lyme Disease.

    (4) LOSS OF OXYGEN GLOBALLY The percentage of oxygen in the air is down to about 19 percent. The expected amount is 21 percent of oxygen. Oxygen is formed by trees and plankton. Trees and plankton are killed by radiation.

    (5) OZONE BREAKDOWN Large-scale breakdown of the protective ozone layer in the stratosphere was initiated in 1958 by high atmosphere bomb tests, and continues due to releases from power plants and reprocessing plants. Radioactive Krypton-85 goes to the stratosphere where it greatly enhances CFC ozone damage.

    (6) SOLUTIONS Clean, renewable energies: solar, thermal, photovoltaic, wind, biomass, hydro and other renewable technologies.

      It is well known that radiation can cause mutations in bacteria and viruses. Andrei Sakharov, the famous Russian physicist, described in his 1992 Memoirs that even at low levels radiation could increase mutations of bacteria and viruses. His predictions which were originally made in 1958, have come true and we are seeing new ailments such as Reyes Syndrome which first appeared in 1963, and Legionnaire's Disease which is cased by a bacteria that was not threatening prior to 1976. AIDS may be related to a mutated virus combined with a weakened immunity in a generation born after the first nuclear weapons were detonated.

      Of particular interest is Lyme Disease which first appeared in 1975 near the Millstone and Haddam Neck nuclear power plants in Connecticut. Dr. Jay Gould in Deadly Deceit (1990, Four Walls Eight Windows) describes: "In 1975 there were 59 cases of Lyme Disease recorded; in 1985 the number increased to 863, mainly in the two counties of Middlesex and New London, CT near the Millstone Nuclear Power Plant. Just as increases in cancer may be linked to the huge radiation release from Millstone in 1975, so too may be the tick-borne Lyme Disease epidemic. The Lyme Disease is carried by a spirochete that had not been as harmful to humans prior to 1975. It is well known that radiation can cause mutations in bacteria. The enormous 1975 Millstone radiation release may have caused just such a mutation in the tick-borne spirochete." So we have a double challenge — the weaker immune system, and the new diseases resulting from mutated pathogens.

      Dr. Ernest Sternglass explains:

      "When the radiation from such isotopes as strontium-89 and 90 in the bone marrow mutates an existing virus that invades the T-cells of the immune system and kills them in the process of replication, the stage is set for the complete collapse of the immune defenses, and resulting death from opportunistic infections or cancer." ("The…

  • Get out of trouble
    Imagine your worst travel nightmare. Perhaps it is falling prey to a deadly virus or getting stuck in a civil war? These are not hypothetical risks. In 2011, travellers faced everything from radiation sickness following Japan's Fukushima crisis to violent revolutions across the Middle East and North Africa.

  • BREAKING: Air New Zealand flight from Japan quarantined. 60 …
    17 hours ago … Radiation sickness in folks escaping from Japan? Quoting: Childoflight 7631155. Radiation sickness is not contagious…unless they're were something radiative …

  • GE To Hire 5,000 Veterans
    General Electric Co. plans to hire 5,000 veterans over the next five years and invest $580 million to expand its aviation business …

  • Mystery Disease Kills Thousands in Central America

    Many of the victims were manual laborers or worked in sugar cane fields that cover much of the coastal lowlands. Patients, local doctors and activists say they believe the culprit lurks among the agricultural chemicals workers have used for years with virtually none of the protections required in more developed countries. But a growing body of evidence supports a more complicated and counterintuitive hypothesis.

    The roots of the epidemic, scientists say, appear to lie in the grueling nature of the work performed by its victims, including construction workers, miners and others who labor hour after hour without enough water in blazing temperatures, pushing their bodies through repeated bouts of extreme dehydration and heat stress for years on end. Many start as young as 10. The punishing routine appears to be a key part of some previously unknown trigger of chronic kidney disease, which is normally caused by diabetes and high-blood pressure, maladies absent in most of the patients in Central America. …

  • Russian Sub Had Nukes during December Fire

    MOSCOW (AP) — A fire at a drydocked Russian nuclear submarine in December could have sparked a radiation disaster because it was carrying nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles and other weapons, despite official statements to the contrary, a Russian news magazine reported Monday.

    <p>The respected Kommersant Vlast said the fire aboard the Yekaterinburg could have triggered powerful explosions that would have destroyed the submarine and scattered radioactive material around a large area.<br /><br /><img style="WIDTH: 312px; HEIGHT: 143px" title="The Yekaterinburg nuclear submarine is seen in Gadzhiyevo in the Murmansk region, Russia flying the Russian Navy's St. Andrew flag on a conning tower and a Navy Jack on the bow." hspace="10" alt="The Yekaterinburg nuclear submarine is seen in Gadzhiyevo in the Murmansk region, Russia flying the Russian Navy's St. Andrew flag on a conning tower and a Navy Jack on the bow." vspace="10" align="absMiddle" src="/uploadedImages/CHEM/News/2012/02/Sub_2.jpg?n=4640" /></p> …

  • Electrical Malfunction Causes Damages at Nuclear Plant

    SODDY-DAISY, Tenn. (AP) — The Tennessee Valley Authority says an electrical malfunction at the Sequoyah Nuclear Plant damaged some equipment, but did not affect operations.

    The Notification of Unusual Event sent to federal, state and local officials on Sunday is the lowest level of four Nuclear Regulatory Commission alert classifications.

    TVA said the malfunction occurred in a non-nuclear section of the plant's electrical distribution switchyard. There were no injuries and the notification sent at 8:34 a.m. was followed by a termination of notice at 10:19 a.m.

    About 10 gallons of cooling oil leaked from a power circuit breaker and was cleaned up.

    Both reactors at the plant continue to operate at full power.

  • CB CB

    NewEarthquake: 5.3 earthquake, northern California. Feb 13 1:07pm at epicenter (5m ago, 10km WSW of Weitchpec, depth 33km).

  • CB CB

    Enformable Reactor 4 pool likely dry at one point causing significant fuel damage; water 2
    sprayed into pool to re

  • arclight arclight

    thamks xd

    seems to be ok now! can we still post videos?

  • NYPD Must Pay $15 Million for Illegally Areresting 22,000

    For almost 30 years — from 1983 to 2012 — the New York Police Department went about arresting people under laws that state and federal courts had long declared unconstitutional, cuffing and booking almost 22,000 people. In 2010, federal judge Shira A. Scheindlin finally held them in contempt of court. Yesterday, she signed an order approving what is effectively their punishment: a $15 million class-action settlement that could generate individual payments of as much as $5,000.

    Those arrested were forced to defend themselves in court and even served jail time for completely lawful behavior. The class action settlement also requires the city to help the courts vacate and seal all convictions stemming from the illegal arrests. …

    • arclight arclight

      that sounds like good news !! hope we get some of that over here concerning the secretive "domestic extremist database"

      the case of the 86 year old wheelchair user and all his family got put on it!! the case is being reviewed and the results will be out in the next two weeks.. the very secretive apco private company that works for or with the police are asking for him to remain on it!!! hopr the judicary see some common sense like your fed judge Scheindin!!

      great post!!

  • Baltimore Cops Threaten to Arrest Citizen for Filming, Despite City's Claimed "Absolute Right" to Film Police posted 02/13/2012

    <iframe width="340" height="160" src="; frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

    Less than 24 hours after Baltimore police received a general order that they must allow citizens to record them in public, officers threatened to arrest a man for doing just that.

    But they insisted that it wasn’t the act of video recording that would have landed him in jail.

    It was the act of loitering.

    Scott Cover was standing across the street from the officers who were standing over a handcuffed man early Saturday. When they spotted him, they told him to get lost. One of them approached him with handcuffs in her hand.

    Cover began to walk away while reminding them of the newly issued general order.

    But even as he was halfway down the street, four officers stormed up to him, continuing to threaten him arrest.

    The 7-page general order states that citizens have the “absolute right” to record cops in public but it also states that citizens cannot "violate any section of any law, ordinance, code or criminal article" while recording police.

    So these officers obviously believe they found a loophole that would allow them to prevent citizens from recording them. …

  • Cops claim that Ramarely Graham, the Bronx teenager they shot and killed last week, was running away from them. The surveillance video shows him walking and shows police entering his home without a warrant.
    Al Sharpton held a press conference denouncing the killing and hundreds gathered yesterday for a protest in the Bronx. They chanted “NYPD-KKK.”

  • Australian Government Seeks to Deny Tax Benefits to Parents Who Refuse Vaccinations for their Children

    <iframe width="340" height="160" src="; frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

    The Australian government is seeking to deny tax benefits to parents who refuse to vaccinate their children, because nothing says "this is in your best interest" like threats and intimidation.

  • bleep_hits_blades

    Follow the money!

    xdrfox yesterday posted that excellent commentary by Max Keiser on the Greece debacle. I wanted to post a couple of related articles.

    The link is in this thread, scroll up. But also, here it is again:
    RT interviews Keiser, short interview:

    I am posting here links to a couple of related articles, very important info that desperately needs to get out and become more widely known – The Rothschilds own about half the wealth of the planet! Think they might be key players, even THE key player, in the NWO take-over…? The original Rothschild (Rot Schild fancied up, Anglicized), Meyer Amschel,famously said:



    This (above link) is FASCINATING – The 'rule of law and not of men' is DEAD! Ties in with Max Keiser's info/analysis.

    This – what shall we use as money? – is one of the very most important issues that is having a devastating effect on our world (the use of intrinsically worthless fiat currencies issued by governments and central banks working together). Naturally we are kept 'economically illiterate' and most are totally in the dark on this subject.


    At this link we have Max Keiser and Gerald Celente discussing the BLATANT MF Global/Corzine rip-off of MF Global customers – in the billions! – that is going TOTALLY UNPUNISHED by TPTB! Celente himself lost about $100 k On this one(!) and is pretty mad.

  • bleep_hits_blades

    RE Lyme Disease – that is probably another 'designer disease' like AIDS

    and Morgellon's(of chem-trails fame) – Morgellons-Message-Board/ morgellons-disease-fiber-disease/ 5035-clifford-carnicom-has-linked-morgellons-chemtrails.html

    And many other novel mystery diseases that started cropping up like daisies in the spring right after genetic re-combination became possible in the laboratory (like Ft. Dietrich).

    Yes, they are working hard to kill us off in a number of ways.

    Lyme Disease first emerged in the little town of Lyme near a bio-warfare facility back east (Plum Island).

    • 90 percent + white-tailed deer populations dead, Northern Plains
      To Mass Animal Death on Monday, January 09, 2012,_Northern_Plains.html

    • 11 more Rider students treated in virus outbreak

      Eleven more Rider University students were treated at Trenton-area hospitals overnight Thursday, bringing the total of those who have fallen ill to 55, officials at the New Jersey school said Friday morning. Spokesman Brian Higgins said almost all the students who were taken to three local hospitals from Wednesday into Thursday were treated and released within hours. Only one required a full night's stay.
      School officials believe the norovirus – the same virus blamed for recent mass outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness on cruise ships – is responsible. An outbreak began a week ago and is continuing at Princeton University, about six miles away.

      Symptoms include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and stomach cramping, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The virus also may cause fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue.

      Norovirus is not usually serious, and most students should recover within a day or two. It is spread through touching surfaces contaminated with the norovirus, then ingesting foods or liquids.

  • bleep_hits_blades

    I just posted a couple of things and they did not appear here at the bottom, but way up.

  • bleep_hits_blades

    latest post is not at bottom….

  • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

    Russia uses fuel rods of 10% Plutonium, 90% of which are Pu-239:

    “the seed material consisting of metallic Pu-Zr alloy (Pu is about 10% of alloy, and isotopically over 90% Pu-239) “
    Thorium Nuclear Fuel

    “Since the early 1990s Russia has had a program to develop a thorium-uranium fuel, which more recently has moved to have a particular emphasis on utilisation of weapons-grade plutonium in a thorium-plutonium fuel.

    "The program is based at Moscow's Kurchatov Institute and involves the US company Thorium Power and US government funding to design fuel for Russian VVER-1000 reactors. Whereas normal fuel uses enriched uranium oxide, the new design has a demountable centre portion and blanket arrangement, with the plutonium in the centre and the thorium (with uranium) around it (More precisely: A normal VVER-1000 fuel assembly has 331 rods each 9 mm diameter forming a hexagonal assembly 235 mm wide. Here, the centre portion of each assembly is 155 mm across and holds the seed material consisting of metallic Pu-Zr alloy (Pu is about 10% of alloy, and isotopically over 90% Pu-239) as 108 twisted tricorn-section rods 12.75 mm across with Zr-1%Nb cladding. The sub-critical blanket consists of U-Th oxide fuel pellets (1:9 U:Th, the U enriched up to almost 20%) in 228 Zr-1%Nb cladding tubes 8.4 mm diameter – four layers around the centre portion. The blanket material achieves 100 GWd/t burn-up. Together as one fuel assembly the seed and blanket have the same geometry as a normal VVER-100 fuel assembly). The Th-232 becomes U-233, which is fissile – as is the core Pu-239. Blanket material remains in the reactor for 9 years but the centre portion is burned for only three years (as in a normal VVER). Design of the seed fuel rods in the centre portion draws on extensive experience of Russian navy reactors….”

  • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

    The Kurchatov Institute oversees the linear accelerator where there was recently a fire:

    Nature News Blog: Fire damages Russian heavy ion accelerator
    February 9, 2012

    “A fire has caused extensive damage to one of Russia’s major facilities for nuclear physics. The blaze broke out on 5 February among power cables for the heavy ion accelerator at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Moscow, according to a source at the institute. The accelerator was shut down at the time, and no one was injured.

    “The 50-year-old accelerator was a workhorse for the Russian nuclear physics community. It was capable of accelerating protons to 10 gigaelectronvolts, and it also conducted studies on nuclei such as iron, silicon, carbon and silver. The machine conducted world-class studies on relativistic nuclei, says Boris Sharkov, director of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research being built in Darmstadt, Germany, who led an upgrade to the ITEP machine a decade ago. Its protons were also used to treat thousands of Russian patients for cancer every year. “It is a great pity,” he says.

    “The fire is another blow to physicists at ITEP who have recently protested conditions at the laboratory following its transfer from the state-owned atomic energy corporation, ROSATOM, to the Kurchatov Institute. Sharkov says that he is hopeful that ROSATOM and Kurchatov will be able to fund the repair of the accelerator.”

  • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

    Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
    Plutonium Isotopes

    “Uranium and plutonium are composed of several isotopes, some of which are fissile. To produce an explosive device for military purposes requires the percentage of fissile isotopes (U-235 for uranium, Pu-239 for plutonium) present in the material to be of the order of 93%. The levels reached in the nuclear power industry are, however, much lower; less than 5% for uranium and between 50 and 60% for plutonium.

    “Virtually any combination of plutonium isotopes — the different forms of an element, having different numbers of neutrons in their nuclei — can be used to make a nuclear weapon. Not all combinations, however, are equally convenient or efficient. The most common isotope, Pu-239, is produced when the most common isotope of uranium, U-238, absorbs a neutron and then quickly decays to plutonium. It is this plutonium isotope that is most useful in making nuclear weapons, and it is produced in varying quantities in virtually all operating nuclear reactors.

    “Plutonium containing high quantities of fissile material i.e. Pu-239 in the order of 90-95 %, is known as weapon-grade plutonium. Plutonium containing lower concentrations, in the range of 50-60 % is known as reactor-grade plutonium. The definitions of the various plutonium grades are expressed as a percentage of the isotope Pu-240 which is considered as an impurity for weapons manufacturers.

    Plutonium-grade % of Plutonium- 240
    Super-grade < 3%
    Weapon-grade < 7%
    Fuel-grade between 7% and 18% incl.
    Reactor-grade > 18%

    “Reactor-grade plutonium is produced in the core of a reactor when uranium-238 is irradiated with neutrons. Unlike weapon grade plutonium (which is relatively pure plutonium-239), reactor grade plutonium is a mixture of plutonium-238, 239, 240, 241 and 242. It is this mixture of isotopes which renders reactor grade plutonium less suitable as a weapon-grade material.

    • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

      Weapon-grade plutonium is defined as plutonium containing no more than 7 percent plutonium-240. Due to the very short 100 day irradiation periods used during the war (wartime production meant that the plutonium had to be separated as quickly as feasible after being bred), the first Plutonium bomb [Fat Man] used super-grade weapon plutonium containing only about 0.9% Pu-240.

      “As fuel in a nuclear reactor is exposed to longer and longer periods of neutron irradiation, higher isotopes of plutonium build up as some of the plutonium absorbs additional neutrons, creating Pu-240, Pu-241, and so on. Pu-238 also builds up from a chain of neutron absorptions and radioactive decays starting from U-235. Because of the preference for relatively pure Pu-239 for weapons purposes, when a reactor is used specifically for creating weapons plutonium, the fuel rods are removed and the plutonium is separated from them after relatively brief irradiation (at low "burnup"). The resulting "weapons-grade" plutonium is typically about 93 percent Pu-239. Such brief irradiation is quite inefficient for power production, so in power reactors the fuel is left in the reactor much longer, resulting in a mix that includes more of the higher isotopes of plutonium ("reactor grade" plutonium).

      “Normally for electrical power production the uranium fuel remains in the reactor for three to four years, which produces a plutonium of 60 percent or less Pu-239, 25 percent or more Pu-240, 10 percent or more Pu-241, and a few percent Pu-242. The Pu-240 has a high spontaneous rate of fission, and the amount of Pu-240 in weapons-grade plutonium generally does not exceed 6 percent, with the remaining 93 percent Pu-239.

    • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

      “Higher concentrations of Pu-240 can result in pre-detonation of the weapon, significantly reducing yield and reliability. For the production of weapons-grade plutonium with lower Pu-240 concentrations, the fuel rods in a reactor have to be changed frequently, about every four months or less.

      “Some nuclear weapons are typically designed so that a pulse of neutrons will start the nuclear chain reaction at the optimum moment for maximum yield; background neutrons from plutonium-240 can set off the reaction prematurely, and with reactor-grade plutonium the probability of such "pre-initiation" is large. Pre-initiation can substantially reduce the explosive yield, since the weapon may blow itself apart and thereby cut short the chain reaction that releases the energy.

      “Nevertheless, even if pre-initiation occurs at the worst possible moment (when the material first becomes compressed enough to sustain a chain reaction) the explosive yield of even a relatively simple first-generation nuclear device would be of the order of one or a few kilotons. While this yield is referred to as the "fizzle yield," a one-kiloton bomb would still have a radius of destruction roughly one-third that of the Hiroshima weapon, making it a potentially fearsome explosive. Regardless of how high the concentration of troublesome isotopes is, the yield would not be less.

      “The even numbered isotopes (plutonium-238, 240 and 242) fission spontaneously producing high energy neutrons and a lot of heat. Dealing with the second problem with reactor-grade plutonium, the heat generated by plutonium-238 and plutonium-240, requires careful management of the heat in the device. There are well developed means for addressing these problems and they are not considered a significant hurdle to the production of nuclear weapons, even for developing states.

    • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

      “Because these even numbered plutonium isotopes are more radioactive, their presence accelerates the formation of defects that occur within the metal during alpha decay of plutonium. In fact, the neutron and gamma dose from this material is significant and the heat generated in this way could melt the high-explosive material needed to compress the critical mass prior to initiation. The neutrons can also initiate a premature chain reaction thus reducing the explosive yield, typically to a few percent of the nominal yield, sometimes called the "fizzle yield". Such physical characteristics make reactor-grade plutonium difficult to manipulate and control and therefore explain its unsuitability as a bomb-making ingredient. The isotope plutonium-238 would typically consitute only 0.036 percent of weapons-grade plutonium.

      “While reactor-grade plutonium has a slightly larger critical mass than weapon-grade plutonium (meaning that somewhat more material would be needed for a bomb), this would not be a major impediment for design of either crude or sophisticated nuclear weapons.

      “A successful test was conducted in 1962, which used reactor-grade plutonium in the nuclear explosive in place of weapon-grade plutonium. The yield was less than 20 kilotons. This test was conducted to obtain nuclear design information concerning the feasibility of using reactor-grade plutonium as the nuclear explosive material. The test confirmed that reactor-grade plutonium could be used to make a nuclear explosive. This fact was declassified in July 1977. The release of additional information was deemed important to enhance public awareness of nuclear proliferation issues associated with reactor-grade plutonium that can be separated during reprocessing of spent commercial reactor fuel.

    • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

      The United States maintains an extensive nuclear test data base and predictive capabilities. This information, combined with the results of this low yield test, reveals that weapons can be constructed with reactor-grade plutonium. Prior to the 1970's, there were only two terms in use to define plutonium grades: weapon-grade (no more than 7 percent Pu-240) and reactor-grade (greater than 7 percent Pu-240). In the early 1970's, the term fuel-grade (approximately 7 percent to 19 percent Pu-240) came into use, which shifted the reactor-grade definition 19 percent or greater Pu-240.

      “Advanced nuclear weapon states such as the United States and Russia, using modern designs, could produce weapons from reactor-grade plutonium having reliable explosive yields, weight, and other characteristics generally comparable to those of weapons made from weapons-grade plutonium.

      “Reactor-grade plutonium is significantly more radioactive which complicates the design, manufacture and stockpiling of weapons. Use of reactor-grade plutonium would require large expenditures for remote manufacturing facilities to minimize radiation exposure to workers. Reactor-grade plutonium use in weapons would cause concern over radiation exposure to military service personnel.

      “The greater radioactivity would mean increased radiation doses to workers fabricating such weapons, and military personnel spending long periods of time in close proximity to them, and the greater heat and radiation generated from reactor-grade plutonium might result in a need to replace certain weapon components more frequently.

      “The odd numbered isotope, plutonium-241, is also a highly undesirable isotope as it decays to americium-241 which is an intense emitter of alpha particles, X and gamma rays. Plutonium-241 has a half-life of 13.2 years which means americium-241 accumulates quickly causing serious handling problems.

    • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

      Reactor-grade plutonium is significantly more radioactive which complicates the design, manufacture and stockpiling of weapons. Use of reactor-grade plutonium would require large expenditures for remote manufacturing facilities to minimize radiation exposure to workers. Reactor-grade plutonium use in weapons would cause concern over radiation exposure to military service personnel.

      “Weapon-grade plutonium has different characteristics. It contains mainly Pu-239 which has a half-life of 24 000 years and only very small quantities of Pu-241 (unlike reactor-grade plutonium which can contain around 15% Pu-241.) It is thus relatively stable and can be safely handled with a pair of thick gloves.

      “To achieve the high percentages of Pu-239 required for weapon grade plutonium, it must be produced specifically for this purpose. The uranium must spend only several weeks in the reactor core and then be removed. For this to be carried out in a LWR – the prevalent reactor design for electricity generation – the reactor would have to be shut down completely for such an operation; this is easily detectable.

      "The Isotopic Composition of Reactor and Weapon Grade Plutonium
      Pu-238 (%) Pu-239 (%) Pu-240 (%) Pu-241 (%) Pu-242 (%)
      Reactor-Grade Plutonium
      (3,7% U-235, 43,000 MWd/t)1 2 53 24 15 6
      Weapon-Grade Plutonium 93 7
      1 Source: Plutonium Fuel – OECD Report, 1989. "

  • Risking health for nuclear power?
    From the Left
    Monday, February 13, 2012
    … Truth be told, until writing this column, I never really sat down and considered the pros and cons of nuclear power, nor did I posses what I would consider any sort of informed opinion regarding the matter. I don't pretend to now, but I have done some reading on the topic.

    I must acknowledge that every energy source we might use has pros and cons and entails trade-offs. Then the question I must ask is whether the pros outweigh the cons, and which trade-offs we prefer.

    To its credit, nuclear energy does not emit greenhouse gases, making it an attractive solution to combat global climate change. However, it does emit radiation, but from what I can gather, this amount is minuscule compared to the amount of radiation we are routinely exposed to.

    Furthermore, nuclear power plants are mandated to have numerous safety systems in place to prevent meltdowns. But as we have seen, when a leak does occur the disaster is followed by evacuations. Those closest to the site fall victim to sickness and death — which may not occur until years later and may not be properly attributed to the radiation. …

  • lam335 lam335

    Pennsylvania DEP Fines Schuylkill Valley Engineering $10,000 for Radiation Protection Act Violations

  • GoFrodo

    Whitney Houston had a sore throat when she died. She was on Amoxicillin for it. I hope the toxicology tests show if she had radiation poisoning. Many people are getting the "sore throat" from radiation. Radiation toxicity could have caused erratic behavior, couldn't it? Of course it could have. She was wandering aimlessly in the hotel lobby, walked in on a TV interview with Clive Davis, Monica, and Brandy. I have no idea why she had a scratch on her wrist and supposedly blood on her leg while seen before she died.

    Everyone will blame drugs, but since radiation sickness is being covered up, I doubt anyone will acknowledge the remote possibility her cognitive functioning was at all decreased in her last days by that. I'm not saying for sure I think radiation caused this, but that in all fairness, it should be considered.

    And I know it's a touchy subject, and I'm sad like others are over her passing. She was trying to make a comeback, maybe struggling to keep up with her expectations. But she was optimistic, hanging out with her ex Ray J, and had just sang a duet at a party with Kelly Price.

    I hope she gets the justice of a fair autopsy.

    • GoFrodo

      And they said her throat was inflamed, as well. And she was bloated, for what that's worth.

    • GoFrodo,
      It was said she also had and found in her room a bottle of Xanax ! "Alprazolam"
      … Alprazolam has a fast onset of action and symptomatic relief. 90% of peak benefits are achieved within the first hour of using either preparation for panic disorder, and full peak benefits are achieved in 1.5 and 1.6 hours respectively …

      • StillJill StillJill

        That is the class of drugs I suspected. The benzodiazepine family makes people act bizzarely,…wander,….dance, skip,…be very inappropriate,..etc,…these are the things I'm hearing Witney was doing.

        HOWEVER,…..unlike Naturalnews,…and most of the world,…I no longer blame the medication. Whitney killed Whitney. Amy Winehouse killed Amy Winehouse. Get over it people! Guns don't kill people, people do.

        Now,…as an ex-drug addict,……I know that some pharmaceutical meds kill innocent people,…and I HATE PRESCRIPTION MEDs,…methadone almost 'took me out' in 2007 after the halo/neck deal-e-o for 14 weeks bolted to my body, etc,…BUT I GOT OFF of it! For that, I WAS RESPONSIBLE!

        • GoFrodo

          I hear you both on that, but what I'm saying is that the radiation aggravates everything. It will exacerbate our medication reactions, as well as our addictive tendencies because of the rampant damage it causes in the body, including the brain (unless someone is taking measures and I doubt many celebrities are doing that). It will make people have reactions to drugs they don't normally have, because their circulatory system is damaged. This includes the heart.

          Radionuclides like cesium will cause micro-hemorrhaging, for one. And if her heart was damaged, even if it wasn't enough to cause her to go for treatment yet, then she could have had heart failure more easily due to radiation.

          If radiation is making us and others around the world ill, it could have made her ill too, especially since her body was already weakened by years of drug abuse.

          Besides that, I'm a believer in multiple causes for most things, especially health problems. We can't usually point to one single cause. Often we can point to one main cause, like if without that huge exacerbating cause they would not have died or had whatever health event it was. So for Whitney, consider her past drug abuse making her body weak, the nearly-year-long intake of radionuclides and radiation into her body, and then whatever she took that last day.

          This radiation is going to exacerbate many people's mental health and substance abuse problems, don't doubt it. The UN is starting a huge global mental health initiative now. They must know things are going to get much worse soon. It can't not get worse with radiation-damaged brains abounding.

          And think about this. She did drugs for years without dying from it. Yes, maybe it would have been her time. Yes, sedatives plus alcohol can be a lethal combination. But all those years she didn't die from everything she went through, then all of a sudden people are blaming her pills. How long was she on those pills? I'm guessing already a long time,…

        • GoFrodo

          It's great that you overcame that situation, but everyone's different. Yes we all have personal responsibility in this world, but on an immediate level none of us not related to the nuclear industry/TEPCO is responsible for the poisoning we're receiving. If she had no idea why she was deteriorating from possible radiation, that's not her fault (unless you want to blame her for being uninformed as are the rest of the uninformed who think their radiation sickness is stomach flu and their I-131 sore throat is "coming down with something".)

          If she was developing thyroid disease, then that could cause mood disorders. We know that cesium also causes heart problems. And it can cause brain chemistry changes. Brain cell death from radiation can cause behavior changes, seizures, personality and emotional changes, gait problems, and other symptoms like brain tumors do.

          Besides that, Whitney had stresses in the music industry and on a personal level most of us don't know anything about. The more I learn about lives of celebrities, the better picture I get of why some of them make the choices they do and why it sometimes seems that only the minority make it through it unscathed.

          If she had been wallowing in self-pity and not changing her life, I might say it was just the drugs that did her in. But she wasn't. She had left her dysfunctional relationship with Bobby Brown (she said in an Oprah interview that he painted eyes everywhere in the house and cut her head out of a huge portrait!), she did a song for the movie "Sparkle" to come out in the fall, and she looked healthy and serene in her interviews and photo shoots. In these kind of cases when someone is actively improving their life, I usually ask myself what else is going on.

          For what it's worth, all that! People are whole beings, and not just their addiction. It's a shame, though, the whole thing. For me, I do feel really bad for her, and for her devastated daughter right now. I mean, even…

          • GoFrodo

            (contd., oops) Even Obama is praying for her.

            (My long posts aren't meant to bombard, I just had a lot to explain! :P)

      • GoFrodo

        Now Mark Steines from Entertainment Tonight is saying it looks like she fell into the tub (was not fully in it), so that she may have had a heart attack or aneurysm.

  • GoFrodo

    I don't know why my Whitney Houston post was put above in between the others, but I think it belonged at the bottom here! 🙂

  • … The other half of the program takes us outside the country. "The Tsunami and the Cherry Blossom" is, like "The Barber of Birmingham," a tale of determination.
    The survivors of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami off the Pacific coast of Tohoku can hardly believe their eyes as they watch, in amateur footage, the natural disaster unfold. "Oh no! Please don't destroy our town!" one pleads. But these people, in the hardest hit area, not only rebuild their own homes — they find cause for celebration, as the annual cherry blossom season looms.

    Washingtonians, who have created a festival around our own cherry blossoms, a gift from Japan, should find particular joy in this recovery.

    The strongest contender of the four, though, is "Saving Face." The HBO documentary, which will premiere on the cable channel on March 8, is a devastating look at what too many women face even in these "modern" times. More than a hundred acid attacks, mainly on women, are reported in Pakistan each

    year. Many more, of course, go unreported. …

  • GoFrodo

    How many other celebrities have health effects from radiation?

    British singer Adele just had surgery a few months ago for a nodule on her vocal cords, which she says is hemorrhaging. I know others have had some crises, but I can't remember them at the moment (Demi Moore, but she had so much going on already, who will consider exacerbation of radiation?).

    I wonder if celebrities are even aware of the danger of radiation right now, especially on the West Coast. Whoever already was having a hard time with their health or substance abuse problems, without radiation remedies, is sure to have an even harder time now. Especially when you consider the celebrities going on high-produce diets who may not be aware of the contamination. However, I'd think that the more together of them get enough attention to their health to take care of any damage as it arises, even if in an indirect accidental way.

    I wonder if the ones who catch on about the risk will speak out about this or which ones will keep quiet due to conflicts of interest with talking about it.