Gov’t: Radioactive release “orders of magnitude” worse than predicted at US nuclear dump — 370 Billion Bq of Plutonium equivalent may have escaped from WIPP drum during “thermal runaway” & multiple fires — For amount to be that high, a “significant number” of breached drums is expected (VIDEO)

Published: May 1st, 2015 at 11:50 am ET


Sante Fe New Mexican, Apr 23, 2015 (emphasis added): The head of a team of federal investigators [said] he’s not certain whether more than one drum of nuclear waste contributed to contamination of [WIPP]… The reaction pushed temperatures inside the container to nearly 1,600 degrees, ripping open the drum and scattering radioactive material that breached not only the fortified room that held the waste, but WIPP itself, which was designed to never leak… [Officials] would not rule out minor seepage from other drums.

U.S. DOE Accident Investigation Report Phase 2, Radiological Release at WIPP, Apr 2015:

6.4.1 Analysis Summary

  • The radiological release… resulted from an exothermic reaction that led to a thermal runaway in drum 68660 [that] exhibited the following fire behaviors: Expanding flame front of material expelled from drum… Ignition of exposed combustibles… Propagation within the waste array by flame impingement… Melting and burning of exposed plastics.
  • The combustibles external to the waste containers were ignited… direct fire effects were limited to Rows 8 through 18… there were multiple small fires that caused direct flame impingement on several waste packages… the firecaused the migration of contamination throughout Panel 7 [and] significant fire damage.
  • A thermal runaway is characterized as a very rapid temperature rise within the container… [This] ultimately… led to failure of the lid… permitting a rapid release of combustible gases and combustible solids.

7.1 Accident Scenarios and Source Term Evaluation

  • Source term at Station A should be 10 to 100 times lower than the source term in Panel 7 Room 7… Station A source term is estimated [at] 0.1 plutonium equivalent curies (PE-Ci).
  • DOE-STD-5506-2007… recommends a bounding estimate of 1E^-4 ARF [0.0001 Airborne Release Fraction] for a drum over-pressurization without a fire… This release estimate, when applied to the… drum inventory of 2.84 PE-Ci, results in an initial source term released to the room of 2.8E^-4 PE-Ci [0.000284 PE-Ci]… less than 1 percent of the 0.1 PE-Ci source term at Station A.
  • The chemical reaction resulting in over-pressurization of the drum described above is similar to the… evaluation of a drum deflagration from hydrogen buildup from radiolysis which assumes burning of material expelled from the drum and a contained burning of material remaining within the drum… [The modeled] release estimate from a drum deflagration is about 3 percent of the 0.1 PE-Ci source term at Station A… the actual amount of material released as measured at Station A was larger than the amount predicted… by almost two orders of magnitude… For either the drum over-pressurization or drum deflagration scenarios discussed above, a much greater airborne source term is possible if the nitrate salts behaved as a combustible dust ignited in air or if a greater fraction of material were ejected and burned.
  • The 0.1 PE-Ci source term at Station A can be divided by the range of 0.01 to 0.05 LPFs [Leakpath Factor] to estimate the range of source terms initially released… This results in a range of 2 to 10 PE-Ci [74 to 370 billion Bq] airborne in the room… [I]nventory in drum 68660 [was] 2.84 PE-Ci.
  • If drum 68660 released a source term as modeled… a significant number of waste containers would be expected to be breached to cause the 2 to 10 PE-Ci source term estimate… Based on the above estimates… release fractions and deposition in the underground, indicated the release from drum 68660 alone was much larger than what would be modeled… [T]he source term evaluation, using conventional release modeling assumptions, could not conclusively affirm that container 68660 was the sole contributor to the release.

Watch the DOE’s presentation of the report here

Published: May 1st, 2015 at 11:50 am ET


Related Posts

  1. Gov’t Analysis: Up to 592 Trillion Bq of Plutonium equivalent involved in disaster at US nuclear dump – Over 5,000 times amount in waste drum blamed for WIPP release — Official: “We thought for sure” there were multiple ruptured drums — “It actually was measured” in city many miles away (VIDEO) May 5, 2015
  2. ‘Worst Case Scenario’ has happened at US nuclear site — Robert Redford film predicted 2014 WIPP disaster: Plutonium release due to chemical reaction in burst nuclear drum is ultimate catastrophe… Most significant issue is combustible waste exposed to high heat, everyone understands that (VIDEO) December 1, 2014
  3. Top Science Journal: “Time bombs” at WIPP nuclear site? “High alert over risk of new explosions” in hundreds of plutonium-contaminated drums — AP: 4 years may be needed just to seal off area where drums stored — Experts go down to check if ground ‘still stable’ (VIDEO) May 31, 2014
  4. Internal Memo: 10 times more WIPP nuclear drums risk exploding than media reported — Expert: Data shows increasing amount of radioactivity going into environment — Official: Something “caused drum to later catch fire”; Gov’t should investigate if truck fire & electrical surge led to the radiation release July 5, 2014
  5. Officials: Leakage seen on “many” nuclear waste drums in WIPP underground — We think the seals have degraded — Public “should be concerned” about another explosion — 1,000s of radioactive drums now seen as too risky to move (VIDEO) June 13, 2014

807 comments to Gov’t: Radioactive release “orders of magnitude” worse than predicted at US nuclear dump — 370 Billion Bq of Plutonium equivalent may have escaped from WIPP drum during “thermal runaway” & multiple fires — For amount to be that high, a “significant number” of breached drums is expected (VIDEO)

  • jackassrig

    Aluminum does have an endurance limit. Steel has an endurance limit. If steel is used for design, staying under the endurance limit, cyclic loading is not a factor. Aluminum does not have a endurance so the number of cycles is very important. Cracks propagate because of energy. There're cracks around the rivet holes but are not a danger. Some cracks such as in a windshield will never propogate others will run the entire windshield. It's impossible to eliminate all cracks in a structure. The trick is to keep the energy levels in a range where the cracks do not propagate.

  • rogerthat

    Report on burying nuclear waste out this week

    TORONTO – A Canadian environmental assessment of a proposal to bury nuclear waste deep underground near the shores of Lake Huron is expected this week amid fierce opposition to the idea from home and abroad. …

  • rogerthat

    Statesman Editorial: Idaho nuclear waste cleanup should be priority for Department of Energy

    May 3, 2015

    After considering the concerns and proposals to bring spent nuclear fuel into Idaho for research in light of the 1995 Settlement Agreement, and the overall nuclear energy mission of the Idaho National Laboratory in the last six months, we conclude the most pressing matter is for the Department of Energy to get its cleanup programs back on track.

    With all due respect to the complicated national and international security matters that Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz has been attending to in recent months, his agency signed on to the settlement agreement 20 years ago with cleanup provisions that are not in compliance.

    The website states the DOE is “committed to a safe, complete cleanup of the environmental legacy of five decades of government-sponsored nuclear weapons development and nuclear energy research. As part of this mission, we safely and cost-effectively transport and dispose of low-level wastes; decommission and decontaminate old facilities; remediate contaminated soil and groundwater; and secure and store nuclear material in stable, secure locations to protect national security.” …

    • rogerthat

      Though there are other cleanup issues, we believe the most critical INL one involves the failure to meet a Dec. 31, 2012, deadline to treat sodium-bearing liquid high-level waste. There is roughly 900,000 gallons of this still being stored at INL — some of it going on 60 years. The processing plant that would convert it from liquid to a powdery substance that could be stored safely is yet to be made operable. DOE is working on it.

      Reports and updates on progress or promises to get this project up and running are not the same as actually doing it. The1995 agreement clearly states that Idaho’s sole remedy in light of DOE’s failure in cleanup matters is to suspend DOE spent fuel shipments to INL. The Idaho Attorney General’s office has no choice but to block any said shipments until cleanup resumes, and we support that stance.

      We also support the state’s option to “waive performance by federal parties” when circumstances change. In other words, if DOE gets its equipment and process back in action to mitigate the dangerous liquid waste, there is a legal path for a conditional waiver and to allow new spent fuel roads back into the state for research in the lab. John Grossenbacher, director of INL, points out that the 200 pounds of spent fuel INL would like to bring in to Idaho over the next two years is not waste. “It is a small sampling of modern, commercial reactor fuel that has high research value.” …

      • rogerthat

        We would argue that the nation, INL and Idaho need this nuclear research to continue. INL is the country’s premiere nuclear energy research facility. To strip it of its mission makes no sense strategically or financially.

        INL can not perform its research mission without the spent fuel it needs in hand to study it. We are thankful that former Govs. Cecil Andrus and especially Phil Batt — who shepherded the 1995 agreement — recently brought attention and a historic perspective to DOE’s non-compliance issues at INL. But we would expect they also could respect that same settlement provides for INL’s continued research and that means it can allow limited levels of spent fuel to be brought into the state.

        In the meantime, we challenge Secretary Moniz to keep his agency’s commitments — commitments that go back even before the settlement agreement, all the way back to Dixy Lee Ray, director of the Atomic Energy Commission.

        Resume the process of cleaning up, and then we can talk.

        Statesman Editorials are the unsigned opinion expressing the consensus of the Statesman’s editorial board. To comment on an editorial or suggest a topic, email

        Note: In the April 30 Statesman Editorial about the special session to resolve the child support bill, a sentence misused the word anti-federalist. It should have said anti-federal.

  • rogerthat

    meanwhile, back in albuquerque:

    Editorial: Southeast NM could lead in nuclear waste storage

    By Albuquerque Journal Editorial Board
    Sunday, May 3, 2015

    At some point the leaders of the free world are going to have to stop kicking the radiation canister down the road and pick a real nuclear waste storage site.

    Because continuing to allow the nation’s nuclear waste to be kept in temporary facilities in 39 states – some sites adjacent to rivers or on top of water tables – is irresponsible at best.

    For the second time in three years, southeastern New Mexico has stepped up to offer an arid, sparsely populated, underground site for some of the country’s more than 70,000 metric tons of used reactor fuel. Lea and Eddy counties and the cities of Carlsbad and Hobbs have signed a memorandum of agreement with Holtec International Inc. …

  • rogerthat

    Oil Companies Dumping Radioactive Waste In ND

    – Rachel Maddow, 13 minutes of radioactive mayhem in north dakota. Radioactive socks litter the landscape. This is a year old, i think, but simply devastating.

  • rogerthat

    The Lucky Country Seeks Glowing Future:

    Australia’s role in the global nuclear industry crisis – – theme for May 2015

  • rogerthat

    Widow claims Army husband died after exposure to radiation from Chernobyl reactor disaster
    3 May 2015 By Mike Lockley

  • rogerthat


    The same old energy mix

    May 3, 2015

    The government’s draft for Japan’s energy mix in 2030, which was endorsed by a panel of experts at the Economy, Trade and Industry Ministry last week, makes it clearer that the Abe administration is pursuing a return to the nation’s energy landscape that existed before the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster and contradicts Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s repeated words that the government is seeking to reduce the nation’s dependency on nuclear power as much as possible by maximizing introduction of renewable energy and greater energy efficiency. …

  • rogerthat

    State recommends Hanford budget strategy as cleanup falls 25 years behind
    Tri-City Herald May 2, 2015

    Environmental cleanup work at Hanford is 25 years behind schedule and more delays need to be avoided, according to the Washington Department of Ecology.

    As Department of Energy Hanford officials prepare to finalize their requested budget for fiscal 2017, the state is recommending strategies for acquiring Hanford’s portion of the DOE environmental cleanup budget.

    “Budget (is) the biggest factor affecting cleanup today,” said John Price, the state Tri-Party Agreement section manager, at a Hanford meeting last week.

    He cited a 2012 DOE Office of Planning and Budget finding that estimated Hanford cleanup has fallen 25 years behind DOE’s schedule.

    “That is because for about 20 years the appropriated budget has been less than needed to comply with environmental regulations,” he said.

    Hanford officials need to support adequate funding not just for Hanford, but for other cleanup sites across the nation, wrote Jane Hedges, manager of the state Nuclear Waste Program, in a letter to Hanford DOE leaders.

    DOE has developed a schedule for defense cleanup sites to ship their transuranic waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico for disposal. Hanford’s transuranic waste — typically debris contaminated with plutonium — is scheduled …

    • rogerthat

      to be shipped there after waste from other sites. Officials said Hanford has other work to do in the meantime.

      Other sites not only need adequate money to keep to their shipment schedules and avoid delays for Hanford’s eventual shipments, but additional funds could help them ship their waste sooner, Hedges’ letter said.

      Hanford has 20,000 containers of waste waiting to be treated and disposed of either at Hanford or New Mexico, depending on what surveys determine they contain. About 700 containers are in above-ground storage and already are deteriorating. Far more — 12,500 containers — are temporarily buried and degrading below ground, according to Hedges.

      Washington supports increased money to get the repository operating again so Hanford waste could be disposed of sooner, ending the threat that the waste poses to human health and the environment, the letter said. The national repository in New Mexico has been shut down since a fire and spread of contamination last year.

      As cleanup work is delayed at Hanford, costs to maintain infrastructure is increasing, according to the state.

      “Ecology is concerned about such repairs and replacements reducing funds for managing wastes,” Hedges said.

      Aging water lines in central Hanford already have multiple leaks of hundreds of thousands of gallons per year, which can potentially move contamination from past weapons plutonium production at Hanford downward into groundwater.

      Three aging plants used to chemically

      • rogerthat

        process irradiated fuel to remove plutonium will need to have roofs replaced to keep precipitation from infiltrating into the highly contaminated facilities, Hedges said. The REDOX, PUREX and B Plant have no scheduled demolition date.

        Delaying cleanup also increases costs as the cleanup becomes more difficult, Hedges said in the letter.

        Much of the environmental cleanup along the Columbia River at Hanford is nearly complete. But central Hanford still has 1,000 buildings or facilities standing, including 400 that are contaminated with radioactive material or hazardous chemicals.

        Central Hanford also has about 1,000 sites where soil is contaminated, including ditches filled with clean soil to prevent contamination from being spread by the wind or other means.

        “There are an increasing number of incidents of plants and animals intruding into buildings and soil waste sites, like the ditches,” according to Hedges. Spreading contamination creates larger areas that must be cleaned up and more waste that must be eliminated.

        “Ecology encourages U.S. DOE to identify scheduling and budgeting approaches that would clean up some waste sites and facilities earlier that currently planned,” Hedges said.

        During the last 25 years Hanford, workers have demonstrated they can perform high-hazard work and do it safely, Price said. But it is DOE’s responsibility to invest in worker protection, such as managing chemical vapors …

  • rogerthat

    Registration opens to hunt deer at Savannah River Site
    The Associated Press May 3, 2015

  • rogerthat

    POGO: Project On Government Oversight

    POGO and Taxpayers for Common Sense Ask House to Cut MOX

    April 30, 2015

    Dear Members of the House of Representatives:

    The Project On Government Oversight and Taxpayers for Common Sense are opposed to continued funding for the Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility (MOX) at the Savannah River Site in Aiken, South Carolina. We believe the program should be cut entirely. We urge you to strike the $345 million for MOX construction from the FY2016 Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill.

    The MOX facility was designed to convert weapons-grade plutonium into mixed-oxide fuel for U.S. commercial nuclear reactors. Today, however, it is over budget, behind schedule, and lacking even a single customer.

    In 2004, constructing the facility was originally estimated to cost $1.6 billion[1] and it was expected to be operational by 2007.[2] But delays and other missteps have led to skyrocketing life-cycle costs, which include finishing construction, operating the plant, and waste management. A recently completed study by The Aerospace Corporation states that approximately $47.5 billion …

    • rogerthat

      in additional “life-cycle to go” costs will be required to complete the MOX project.

      But that cost estimate is only accurate if annual appropriations hold steady at $500 million per year, which is about $150 million more than current funding levels.

      If the project continues to be funded at $345 million per year life-cycle costs will skyrocket to more than $114 billion. More than $4 billion has already been spent on construction of the MOX facility, which is reportedly only 65 percent complete.[3]

      Members of Congress have previously raised concerns over the billions of dollars spent on a facility with no customers and no substantial feedstock.[4]

      In 2008, Shaw AREVA MOX Services (MOX Services)—the project contractor—lost its contract with Duke Energy and hasn’t found a single replacement buyer.[5]

      In 2011, the House Appropriations Committee also pointed out safety concerns in light of the Fukushima Daiichi disaster and warned that continued funding for MOX takes resources away from other non-proliferation programs.[6]

      The Department of Energy is now in the process of examining alternatives to the MOX facility. But we think this program has already failed the viability test. Halt funding to the MOX program now. Don’t let nuclear waste become a symbol for government waste. …

      • rogerthat

        For additional information, please contact Lydia Dennett or Danielle Brian at (202) 347-1122, or Autumn Hanna or Ryan Alexander at (202) 546-8500.


        Danielle Brian
        Executive Director
        Project On Government Oversight

        Ryan Alexander
        Taxpayers for Common Sense

  • Some troll had this to say, I added it to the nukist list of lies

    Don't be worried over nuclear. Its really small potatoes in the grand scheme of things.

    Also super cool video by combomelt, putting the 93 lies of nuke to music and fuku-video

    4000 views, lets go for 20,000

    • JapAN US relations for 200 Alex JapAN US relations for 200 Alex

      It really is small potatoes. Beware of name calling. Sociopaths like to dehumanize their opponents.

      Your list of nuke lies are lies themselves. That Unit 3 crit never occurred. That fuel in the pool rubble is actually a piece of the fuel assembly.

      Yup, its a locking tab. You think a fuel pin shears perfectly off and perfect cylindrical fuel pellet falls.

      Sure looks like a locking tab. Add that to your list while you are at it.

      No game.

  • Excellent resource

    I made this chart. Several other blogs have copied it nearly verbatim, and I am happy that others want to spread actionable information to protect people (would have been nice to get a proper credit though). I had the chart translated to Japanese as I was sending a Geiger to Japan to help families address their real risk. See bottom for the Japanese version.

    This is a super condensed table on how to interpret Geiger Readings. Use it to supplement your own research and getting a "block of knowledge".

    If you take this radiation stuff at all seriously, then get a Geiger. All the rest is guesswork.

    Radiation Alert Inspector, $530 to $600 Amazon

    • JapAN US relations for 200 Alex JapAN US relations for 200 Alex

      Yourexcstull fiddling with a GM. Get a CZT hand held solid state detector for gamma sdpec. They are cool. Plus you can identify isotopes.

      GMs are really not what the real pros use. GMs saturate at high rad. If your GM is working, its not in a high rad field.

      Why not go over to the islands hottest natural hotspot- you know it as Mona Loa. You might confirm 238U there with the right instrument.

      Step up your game.

  • A reader asked me for some Geiger runs in Hawaii.

    My first one pegged at 1900 CPM with Radiation Inspector Alert. It is important to list type of geiger with any data collected because they all have different size tubes and different qualities of tube, which then create an "efficiency"

    I got 1900 in 1 hour, or over 30 CPM. That is high for Hawaii, which really doesnt have any variable radon /daughters source.

    I am boiling off some local milk as we speak, will advise results.

    For a primer on testing foods, check this out.

  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    It's about energy, it's not about weapons.
    Ya, right.
    They have to get their hands on it somehow?

    NRC grants Army at Pohakuloa, Schofield DU possession license
    Oct 24 2013

    NRC Response To Army DU At Pohakuloa Questioned
    March 24 2015

    US Army and NRC Depleted Uranium call 3/24/2015

    Hunters in Pohakuloa radiation zone 3/24/2015

    Exactly who are they killing? And why?
    We should know exactly, but we don't.

  • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown

    There is no "education" coming from pro nuclearists, except perhaps the role of psychopathy in gobal poisoning.

    Thy ONLY platform of the pro nuclearist is that the planet is big enough to dilute nuclear fallout to safe levels. Thats it! They cant deny that radioactive isotopes are a a deadly poison or that they are released on a regular basis by the nuclear industry.

    • m a x l i

      Nothing to worry about! The deadly poison is not really 'released'. It is all 'contained'. Probably you didn't know all nuclear power plants have a third and forth containment: The Kuiper Belt and the Oort Cloud.

      • obewanspeaks obewanspeaks

        🙂 Funny!

      • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown

        good one m a x l i.

        Unfortunately, the pro nuclearists WON! Thus the earth was LOST!

        The only thing that is driving nuclear down is fascist market value. Signatures and blogs have very little to do with it. By the time nuclear is finished as a business there will be so much waste that nobody wants to finance, the earth will be hopelessly poisoned to oblivion.

        Indeed, the corium under Fukushima, given time, has enough poison to kill approximately 400 earths. The already released fallout is apparently a little difficult to quantify but is in the range of being an ocean killer, despite pro nuclear arguments to the contrary. Why? because of bioaccumulation and the currents. Those currents are the LIFE SPRING of the ocean. The ocean is a vast watery desert. The currents are the birthplace of plankton and the chain of life. Fukushima poisons the very birth place of the Pacific ocean bio-system with dangerous levels of radio isotopes.

      • JapAN US relations for 200 Alex JapAN US relations for 200 Alex

        The amount released isn't deadly. That is correct. Show that those levels are deadly. You can't because the aren't.

    • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown

      The pro nuclear platform is based on outdated 1950s dose formulas. Nothing more (except denial)

      Pro nukers like 200 Alex and his friend(s) T'ai and numreous aliases MUST ignore all the later research at the most prestigious institutes…even the pro nuclear institutes. Thus they are in the position of discounting all the evidence that comes from places like the Max Planck Institute, Sandia Labs, Lawrence Livermore and excellent researchers like Busby. All they can do is say those institutes and people are wrong. How ridiculous!

      Not all is known about radioactive isotopes and their biological effect. Pro nuclearists pretend they know, but they dont know! Even the IAEA says in order to set realistic safe dose recommendations THEY WOULD HAVE TO FIRST KNOW HOW RADIATION CAUSES CANCER! Wow…

      But this much, at least, has been teased out by the scientific community; That double strand DNA breaks are far more important to genetic damage and that low levels of alpha at exceedingly low doses can cause double strand breaks. This has NOTHING TO DO WITH DOSE ENERGY, or ergs per unit organ tissue, which is THE ENTIRE BASIS OF THE PRO NUKE ARGUMENT!

      The emptiness of the pro nuke argument is seen in the multiplication factors for isotope toxicity. Those multiplication numbers which they are forced to use by old 1950s standards prove that ITS NOT ABOUT THE BECQUEREL and hence NO COMPARISON TO NATURAL BACKGROUND LEVELS IS VALID!

      • JapAN US relations for 200 Alex JapAN US relations for 200 Alex

        Actually we use ICRP 2007, the latest accepted international standard. I deal with some of the American labs you mention.

        Radiation in very large acute doses can be fatal.

        Your politics bore me and your demeanor is that of a pouting child.

        You need to quantify the radiation levels that cause irreparable DNA damage and certain cancer. We all have cancer cells within us. Large radiation doses tip the scales- both kill cancer and healthy tissue.

        Once again, please quantify your assertions.

        Oh and Busby is wrong. That's why he is an outlier.

      • JapAN US relations for 200 Alex JapAN US relations for 200 Alex

        All the latest research corroborates the notion that low low doses are not harmful. New nuclear grads have learned the state of the art. I at least a thousand journal articles a year. Lots of interesting innovations in safety, security, health. The next big thing is using big data.

  • !-> 150 Bq/m^3 of Cesium-137 was measured in Kiev Ukraine air, 100 km from Chernobyl Forest Fires, on April 29, exceeding the modelled by a factor x1000. This is my forth, perhaps final set of additions, to the blog post series on that matter:


    (Sorry for triple-posting) This in addition to a comment earlier in this thread.
    PEACE, – MVB

    • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown

      Thank you Michael V.B. for your excellent research and contribution!

      off topic; I have noticed anomalous radar signatures on weather radar maps in the southwest since yesterday. These appear as circular radiating bursts several miles in diameter. Does anybody know what causes these?

      In conspiracy theory spirit, I wondered if the flow and subsequent deposition of fallout events could be controlled in some crude fashion by ionospheric radio heaters. In Arizona there was a low level smoky dust/cloud band irritating to the eyes which I couldnt find described on any weather channel. Probably forest fires but where? yeah…sorry for the conspiracy theory stuff, Im not read up on it

    • That is a healthy hormesis dose, right?


      • It's like inhaling a couple bananas. [sarc] 😉

        Actually, un-sarc: 150 Bq/m^3 is rather horrific 100 km from a 'Source term'. Let's see…

        the average lung capacity is 6 liters
        the average number of breaths per day is (per US EPA, "The average person takes between 17,280 and 23,040 breaths a day."), let's say 20,000
        So about (6×20,000) 120,000 liters of air pass through our (adult) lungs per day, or 120 cubic meters.
        Meaning… that some tiny particles, amounting to (150×120) 18,000 Bq of Cs-137 may enter our body through the lungs in one such down-wind smokey day. The fraction that that stays stuck… well, we all know what's to be expected in the decades to come…

        For how 150 Bq of Cesium is NOT comparable to 150 Bq of Potassium-40 (in Potassium-rch foods), see blog post:

        Why 150 Bq Cs-137 is health-hazardous, while 150 Bq* K-40 is RECOMMENDED for health


        And the beat goes on…

        – MVB

      • JapAN US relations for 200 Alex JapAN US relations for 200 Alex

        What do you mean by hormesis? Can you explain it as a function of K-40 equivalent dose? K-40 has the 1.33 MeV photon.

    • rogerthat

      Magnitude 4.8 Earthquake Strikes off Coast of Japan's …
      20 hours ago – An earthquake measuring 4.8 on the Richter scale occurred off the Coast of Japan's Fukushima Prefecture, where Fukushima -1 Nuclear Power Plant is situated.

      – volcanoes, earthquakes, what could go wrong??

  • "are we clear" that sociopaths just don't give shite, except about feeling better when they degrade someone else, or do damage…even if it doesn't benefit them.

    But they will also sometimes pretend to give a shit, or mimic and emotion or pretend they are going to build a church or help an unwed mother.

  • rogerthat

    i've just bumped into this crock from Conca/Forbes in mid-march:

    … Fukushima is basically a large Superfund site. No one will die from Fukushima radiation, there will be no increased cancer rates, the food supply is not contaminated, the ocean nearby is not contaminated, most of the people can move back into their homes, and most of the other nuclear plants in Japan can start up just fine. …

    – one of those quotable quotes of the nuclear era

  • rogerthat

    A secret kept 60 years: Vicksburg veteran took part in six atomic weapon tests

    Sunday, May 3, 2015

    The confession came as Edmund McMaster was watching a movie with his granddaughter.

    For more than 60 years even through his battles with cancer, McMaster never uttered a word to his closest friends or family about the role he had played and the things he witnessed in middle of the Pacific Ocean in 1964.

    “She asked something about explosions, and I told her I had seen the hydrogen bomb,” said McMaster, now 82.

    In March and April 1954, a tall, lean 22-year-old McMaster stood on the fo’c’s’le of the USS Belle Grove at Bikini Atoll in only his Navy-issued dungarees as he watched three separate atomic blasts.

    “Some of them were given shades that looked to me like nothing but welder’s goggles,” McMaster said. “I wasn’t lucky enough to get some. The ones who didn’t get the goggles were told when it exploded and they would tell you to put your arms over your eyes and brace.”

    He could see the shockwave coming in the ocean.

    “There were no rails to hold on to, you just stood there. It would move you around. It was a slap, just like somebody walked up and hit you,” he said.

    McMaster has long forgotten the top-secret code names given to each weapon in Operation Castle, instead calling each one of them “the bomb,” …

    • rogerthat

      except for Castle Bravo, which he refers to as the H-bomb. Castle Bravo at the time was the largest nuclear bomb ever detonated.

      The results of each blast, he said, were devastating, yet serene.

      “Well,” McMaster said, pausing briefly. “It’s one of the most beautiful sights you’ll ever see. It’s every color in the rainbow, every color there is I guess.”

      Operation Castle was a top-secret mission testing the feasibility and designs of a new type of thermonuclear weapon using a dry hydrogen isotope. In all six bombs were tested, but he was below deck in the engine room for three of the blasts. The Belle Grove was a dry dock ship used to haul the nuclear weapons from nearby Enewetak to Bikini.

      No one — not even the best nuclear scientists in the world — was certain how dangerous the radiation from Operation Castle would be.

      “We were supposed to be 35 miles away from the H-bomb, but we weren’t. They miscalculated and we were closer than what we thought,” McMaster said.

      The distance wasn’t the only miscalculation with the largest atomic bomb ever detonated by the United States military.

      Castle Bravo weighed approximately 23,500 pounds. It was expected to detonate with a force of 4 to 6 megatons of TNT, but when the bomb went off the blast was measured at 15 megatons, making it a thousand times stronger than the bombs dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima in1945.

      The mushroom cloud that formed after Castle Bravo’s detonation grew to nearly four-and-a-half miles…

      • rogerthat

        wide and reached a height of 130,000 feet six minutes after the detonation. The crater left behind was 6,510 feet in diameter and 250 feet deep.

        No one had expected this.

        Fallout rained down over 7,000 square miles, poisoning American servicemen and natives of the nearby Marshall Islands. The Belle Grove was contaminated in the explosion, which McMaster said he believes contributed to his cancer diagnosis almost a dozen years ago.

        “There’s no definite proof. In my own personal opinion, I don’t know. We had three different points on the ship that were contaminated. They said there was not enough contamination for any of us to worry about,” McMaster said.

        At the time, the Navy also denied anyone would be made ill by the miscalculations involved in the Bravo mission.

        Over 11 years ago, McMaster was diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. In 2014, he was diagnosed with lymphoma and recently completed eight months of chemotherapy.

        Yet until about Christmas 2014, he never spoke of his past work in nuclear testing.

        “I said Edmund must can keep a secret because we found out last year,” Josephine McMaster said.

        McMaster said he signed a document saying he wouldn’t talk about the testing for at least 10 years. But when the time passed, he wasn’t eager to share any details.

        “I just thought it was part of my job,” he said.

        Since McMaster revealed his nuclear secret to his family, they have been working to get compensation from the government …

  • rogerthat

    This is an amazing story, and it includes 2 fun posters for Lewisite and Mustard Gas:

    Buried at sea: Chemical weapons, radioactive waste off Maryland’s coast

    … According to a 1984 submission to the Natural Resources Journal titled “Radioactive Wastes,” one site off of Maryland reportedly received 96 percent of the radioactive material dumped in the Atlantic Ocean. And, according to the 2009 Department of Defense study, 13.4 million pounds of low-level radioactive waste was dumped at the site off of Assateague Island, Md.

    The ship that dumped a large portion of the radioactive waste at the site was the USS Calhoun County. In 1959, a Department of Defense film crew documented a trip to the site and the dumping of hundreds of barrels or atomic waste.

    The reactor plant of the USS Seawolf was also left at sea in 1959, in an unidentified location. When the submarine’s experimental nuclear plant began leaking, the Navy, with approval from the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, put it in a stainless steel container and dumped it offshore. …

  • rogerthat

    People need to wake up, this is serious:

    Asbury Park Press

    Oyster Creek: After 2019, what then?
    Randy Bergmann, @appopinion

  • rogerthat

    SUNDAY, MAY 3, 2015

    Minnesota Moose Declining Rapidly

    … …The population … has fallen by more than 60% to an estimated 3,450 this year, compared with about 8,840 in 2006, said state officials. …

    Unceasing Emissions

    Heavy emissions unit 1, no rain or fog visible on the Futaba cam:

    • @rogerthat, don't those Moose eat lichens,

      I think lichens bio-accumulate like craxy.

      • The moose is a herbivore and is capable of consuming many types of plant or fruit. The average adult moose needs to consume 9,770 kcal (40.9 MJ) per day to maintain its body weight.[64] Much of a moose's energy is derived from terrestrial vegetation, mainly consisting of forbs and other non-grasses, and fresh shoots from trees such as willow and birch. These plants are rather low in sodium, and moose generally need to consume a good quantity of aquatic plants. While much lower in energy, these plants provide the moose with its sodium requirements, and as much as half of their diet usually consists of aquatic plant life.[65] In winter, moose are often drawn to roadways, to lick salt that is used as a snow and ice melter.[66] A typical moose, weighing 360 kg (790 lb), can eat up to 32 kg (71 lb) of food per day.[65]

  • Sociopaths are in general not dog people. They can be, but are not as likely to be. By dog people, I don't just mean dog owners, but people who love dogs, take care of their dogs, WALK their freakin dogs.

  • Obviously the troll does not have a "real job"

  • rogerthat

    World’s nuclear industry in crisis – theme for May 2015
    Take heart – all who seek clean energy – the nuclear industry is in a right mess!

    Apart from the chaotic state of nuclear economics, and of security, weapons proliferation, public opposition, desperate marketing, frantic agonising over waste disposal , as well as the drive for public amnesia about Chernobyl and Fukushima – apart from all that – the nuclear lobby are all wrangling among themselves.

  • rogerthat

    Twenty-Nine Years After The Chernobyl Disaster, No Solution in Sight via Portside

    April 26th marked the 29th anniversary of the Chernobyl catastrophe, the worst nuclear disaster in history. And, according to a new Greenpeace report, preventing further major releases of radioactivity into the environment seems to be a race against time. There are more than 1.5 million tons of radioactive dust inside the ruins. And a collapse of the sarcophagus and other structures, which could lead to their release into the environment, cannot be ruled out.
    Kendra Ulrich
    Greenpeace International
    There are more than 1.5 million tonnes of radioactive dust inside the ruins. If the sarcophagus were to collapse, a high volume of radioactive material would be released, and could lead to an exposure to radiation as far as 50 kilometers away. There are also nearly 2,000 tonnes of flammable materials inside the sarcophagus. In the event of a fire, even without a collapse, heat from the fire could cause the release of a high level of radioactive dust particles.

    In order to help minimize this risk, the Shelter Implementation Plan was agreed to in 1997.[…]
    The shelter itself is designed with the exceedingly limited goals of preventing further water leaking into the destroyed reactor and becoming contaminated – as has happened as the current sarcophagus has deteriorated – and to contain radioactive material …

    • rogerthat

      in the event of the total collapse of the existing reactor sarcophagus. It is projected to last for only 100 years.

      As the author of the new Greenpeace report concludes, “a major drawback of the SIP, however, is that recovering the fuel-containing material is not part of the project, although the greatest threat to the environment and people comes precisely from these fuel-containing, highly radioactive substances.

      While the protective shell is designed to make it possible for this fuel-containing material to be recovered at a later point in time, the financial means to actually implement fuel containing material recovery are not provided by the SIP. Thus, the long-term threat posed by the destroyed reactor block will not have been averted by the current efforts underway. In short, it must be stated that 29 years after the worst nuclear disaster the world has yet seen, the damaged reactor is still a danger. A real solution to the situation is nowhere in sight.”

      As with the more recent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, there is no foreseeable solution for Chernobyl. Despite the continuing decline of the nuclear power industry worldwide, hundreds of ageing nuclear reactors continue to operate, while new reactors are being built – which increases nuclear risks significantly. Almost certainly whenever the next accident happens in the 21st century, efforts will still be underway to contain and manage the Chernobyl and Fukushima Daiichi sites. …

      • rogerthat

        What Chernobyl, Fukushima, and hundreds of smaller nuclear accidents have clearly shown is the inherent risk of the nuclear technology: there will always be an unforeseen combination of human failure, technology error, and natural disaster that could lead to a major reactor accident and massive release of radiation.

        The lessons are clear – there is by definition no such thing as “nuclear safety.” The only way to make sure that the next Chernobyl and Fukushima does not happen is to phase nuclear out.

        Read more

      • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown

        Sure, theres not enough money to decommission nuclear power plants, but thats OK because they are at the stock market crap tables where they hope to win enough money for everything! Paraphrased from their own words

  • obewanspeaks obewanspeaks

    The Earth is now in very serious trouble..acceleration is eminent. 🙁

  • sentinelle sentinelle

    *Plutonium disposal at WIPP considered*

    "The mixed oxide nuclear program, or MOX, is intended to convert plutonium from surplus nuclear weapons into commercial nuclear fuel. In April, a group of scientists advocated for the release of the report and for the DOE to stop the mixed oxide nuclear program altogether.

    The report was required by the Omnibus spending bill passed by Congress in mid-December to review the costs of two plutonium disposition options.

    It states that a cost-effective alternative to the MOX program would be down-blending the surplus weapons plutonium and having it packaged for final disposal at WIPP.

    Last month, the Union of Concerned Scientists, along with the International Panel on Fissile Material, both issued statements urging the DOE to cancel the MOX program and replace it with a safer, cost-effective alternative.

    That cost-effective alternative would be sending the surplus plutonium to WIPP."

    • sentinelle sentinelle

      Interestingly, this method of converting waste into fuel was put out as a godsend only a few months ago. Now this program is apparently being quietly eliminated based on finances as a priority rather than human and environmental concern.

    • sentinelle sentinelle

      Also, wasn't it originally understood that weapons grade material was not to be sent to WIPP? And, that what was there was 're-labeled' (legally??) and stored there prior to this accident? Seems to me that this is a form of covering up for themselves afterwards. Make their mistakes and errors legal in hindsight. Why not just make green kitty litter a regular ingredient, too.

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