Marine biologist in Canada: Salmon species needs to be tested for radiation — Gov’t doesn’t want us to know

Published: August 19th, 2011 at 1:15 am ET


Radiation tests urged for sockeye salmon, Georgia Straight (Vancouver) by Carlito Pablo, August 18, 2011:

Marine biologist Alexandra Morton sees a need to test returning sockeye salmon for radiation from Japan’s Fukushima nuclear disaster.

“There was a large release of radioactive material in the water and in the air,” Morton told the Straight in a phone interview from her home on Malcolm Island. “I suspect that this generation of sockeye were out of the way, probably on their way home. But my sense of this is we need to test everywhere we can. As soon as I heard about this, I covered my gardens. I suspect that government doesn’t know how to deal with this, and in the face of it they just don’t want us to know.” […]

Ernie Crey, fisheries advisor to the Sto:lo Tribal Council, agrees with Morton. “I think it’s a practical idea,” Crey told the Straight by phone. Asked if the returning fish are safe, he said: “I don’t know. This is a good question.”

However, Crey doesn’t expect the federal government to go ahead and test salmon for radiation. “That’s not something DFO [Fisheries and Oceans Canada] is going to voluntarily do or Health Canada or Environment Canada,” he said. […]

Published: August 19th, 2011 at 1:15 am ET


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41 comments to Marine biologist in Canada: Salmon species needs to be tested for radiation — Gov’t doesn’t want us to know

  • Novamind

    Yes! by all means test the Salmon! And test the Tuna Too. Please! because we just do not know at this time.

    • cosmicwind

      Boycott fish that is not tested.
      Fish sould have a lable and an inspector number. And if the industry doesn’t want to test then you can be sure they have tested the salmon and tuna in private labs and the result is positive!

  • James Tekton James Tekton

    Breaking news!~

    Just reported 12 min ago:

    Tsunami warning issued for Tohoku coast following a M6.8 quake (shindo 5) hit Fukushima at 14:36.

    Tsunami alert in place for Miyagi and Fukushima; NHK warning people to leave coast as precaution; estimated height only 50 cm at present.

    • larry-andrew-nils

      nice. boredom gone.

    • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

      Earthquake 19 Aug
      14:36 JST 19 Aug 2011 37.6N 141.9E 20 km 6.8 Fukushima-ken Oki
      Magnitude6.5 Date-Time
      • Friday, August 19, 2011 at 05:36:32 UTC
      • Friday, August 19, 2011 at 02:36:32 PM at epicenter
      Location37.667°N, 141.747°E Depth39.1 km (24.3 miles) RegionNEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN Location Uncertaintyhorizontal +/- 13.7 km (8.5 miles); depth +/- 8.9 km (5.5 miles)

      This earthquake is 42.6 mi (68.55 km) from Fukushima Daiichi (#1) Nuclear Power Plant

      • Dr. Anne Lee Tomlinson Maziar anne

        It’s pretty scary on the time lapse video:

      • stock

        Comet Honda? Causing Earthquakes?

        Honda is a rock around 3/4 Mile in diameter and it passes closer to Earth than almost all other big things. It just passed 3 days ago, there was 10 minutes ago a 6.8 around 40 miles from Fukushima.

        I combined the previous close passes of this comet, using NASA data, and Earthquake data from USGS and the results are astounding. The close pass dates to the Earth are highlighted in Blue, and the Earthquake Dates are highlighted in yelllow, and I list surrounding earthquakes so you can get some idea of how many big earthquakes there are per year, to judge relevance of being close to comet passing.

        • westcoastgirl westcoastgirl

          So comet Honda is different from Elenin? I have been following the Elenin alignments to see if there is any affect on earthquakes. There are a lot of alignments, but it seems like there is a slight increase in the sizes of earthquakes occurring. But not a drastic one, like some people say would happen as it gets closer to earth. Still,it is supposed to come really close in September, and leave debris in October…

    • westcoastgirl westcoastgirl

      The earthquake site says it’s a 6.3.

  • norbu norbu

    Holy sh#%. This is not good! There may be a larger one on the way. Be ready. Comet 45/P Honda just passed the earth at 0.0600 AU 8,980,000 KM. This is close. Very active. 6.2 Fiji 03:54:28 UTC tonight. Thank you James, Thank you ENE NEWS.

  • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

    So. Salmon testing needed! I wonder where Pu239 is and what he’s thinking. I remember him worrying about this issue 3 months ago…

  • markww markww

    can someone let me know if twitter is down,cant get tweetdeck working Thanks

  • arclight arclight

    Relationship of farm salmon, sea lice, and wild salmon populations

    Edited by Carl Walters, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, and accepted by the Editorial Board November 11, 2010 (received for review July 1, 2010)

    “To address the concern that sea lice from fish farms would cause population extinction of wild salmon, we analyzed 10–20 y of fish farm data and 60 y of pink salmon data. We show that the number of pink salmon returning to spawn in the fall predicts the number of female sea lice on farm fish the next spring, which, in turn, accounts for 98% of the annual variability in the prevalence of sea lice on outmigrating wild juvenile salmon. However, productivity of wild salmon is not negatively associated with either farm lice numbers or farm fish production, and all published field and laboratory data support the conclusion that something other than sea lice caused the population decline in 2002”

    + Report Categories + News Categories + Company Categories Calcium from salmon and cod bone is well absorbed in young healthy men:a double-blinded randomised crossover design.

    Parathyroid Hormone
    “A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.”

    Modelling of effects due to chronic exposure of a fish population to ionizing radiation
    (chronic equals low dose)
    2008-01-01 (fragment only)

    “A dynamic model was developed for description of radiation effects in an isolated fish population chronically exposed at different dose rates. The induced effects were predicted based on damage created by the radiation, recovery by means of repair mechanisms, and natural growth of the population. Three types of radiation effects (umbrella endpoints) were simulateddecrease of population size, decrease of reproductive capacity, and effects on the morbidity of the population. The influence of ecological interactions on the irradiated fish population was simulated using the combined action of radiation and parasite infestation as an example (ecological interaction host-parasite?). The model calculations demonstrate that influence of ecological interactions can considerably aggravate th… “
    fair and balanced


    Irradiation has found its more proper place in urban areas where economics have shown a measure of growth and infrastructure. The potential of seafood irradiation as a means of reducing human suffering and economic losses caused by food-borne parasitic diseases and bacterial infections are greater in tropical regions. Transportation of fresh fish to the interior markets of our country poses serious problems. Application of irradiation process to preserve fresh fish can expand the marketing areas, stabilize the markets, ensure equitable distribution of the fishery products, reduce wastage and thus help in economic utilization of sea foods. According to recent information given by the Marine Products Export Development Authority, Govt. of India, the location for the country’s first seafood irradiation center has narrowed down to a choice between Bhubaneswar in Orissa and Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. The facility is expected to process close to Rs. 400 crores of seafood exports every year. The proposed irradiation plant will have a capacity to process around 10000 tonnes annually, which will result in irradiation of 2 tonnes of seafood per hour.

    And lots of info/disinfo? Some details about contaminated silt in lake and take up of caesium Here


    So what is the opening sentence of this report/advert say about radiological safety then?

    Published on August 13, 2010 at 5:59 AM
    Humanetics Corporation secures license to provide treatment for ionizing radiation exposure

    “”There is nothing approved today to treat large numbers of military or civilians exposed to ionizing radiation during a terrorist attack or other radiological event,” said Ronald Zenk, President and CEO of Humanetics Corporation. “These discoveries by Henry Ford are especially important since most nuclear events are unexpected, therefore making the need for post-exposure treatments that much more desirable and urgent. These therapeutic agents could easily be included in U.S. military backpacks and provide protection to our troops either shortly after exposure to radiation, or even days later if the situation warrants. Medical radiation countermeasures that are effective when given over 24 hours after exposure have numerous potential applications, including treatment after intentional or accidental nuclear events, treatment of unexpected complications after medical radiotherapy and the treatment of potential delayed effects of radiation exposure,” he explained. “

    Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiations: Time for Reassessment? (1998)
    Commission on Life Sciences (CLS)

    “Given evidence that baseline rates of bone and soft-tissue sarcoma are orders of magnitude higher among survivors of heritable retinoblastoma, this suggests that the excess rate (or absolute risk) of radiation-related cancer is also orders of magnitude higher among heritable retinoblastoma patients, and that, therefore, these patients constitute a genetic subpopulation highly susceptible to radiation-related bone and soft-tissue sarcoma.”


    • arclight arclight

      A Fish Oil Story
      by Paul Greenberg
      New York Times

      December 15, 2009

      “Nearly every fish a fish eater likes to eat eats menhaden. Bluefin tuna, striped bass, redfish and bluefish are just a few of the diners at the menhaden buffet. All of these fish are high in omega-3 fatty acids but are unable themselves to synthesize them. The omega-3s they have come from menhaden.

      But menhaden are entering the final losing phases of a century-and-a-half fight for survival that began when humans started turning huge schools into fertilizer and lamp oil. Once petroleum-based oils replaced menhaden oil in lamps, trillions of menhaden were ground into feed for hogs, chickens and pets. Today, hundreds of millions of pounds of them are converted into lipstick, salmon feed, paint, “buttery spread,” salad dressing and, yes, some of those omega-3 supplements you have been forcing on your children. All of these products can be made with more environmentally benign substitutes, but menhaden are still used in great (though declining) numbers because they can be caught and processed cheaply.

      For the last decade, one company, Omega Protein of Houston, has been catching 90 percent of the nation’s menhaden. The perniciousness of menhaden removals has been widely enough recognized that 13 of the 15 Atlantic states have banned Omega Protein’s boats from their waters. But the company’s toehold in North Carolina and Virginia (where it has its largest processing plant), and its continued right to fish in federal waters, means a half-billion menhaden are still taken from the ecosystem every year.

      For fish guys like me, this egregious privatization of what is essentially a public resource is shocking. But even if you are not interested in fish, there is an important reason for concern about menhaden’s decline.

      Quite simply, menhaden keep the water clean. The muddy brown color of the Long Island Sound and the growing dead zones in the Chesapeake Bay are the direct result of inadequate water filtration — a job that was once carried out by menhaden. An adult menhaden can rid four to six gallons of water of algae in a minute. Imagine then the water-cleaning capacity of the half-billion menhaden we “reduce” into oil every year.

      So what is the seeker of omega-3 supplements to do? Bruce Franklin points out that there are 75 commercial products — including fish-oil pills made from fish discards — that don’t contribute directly to the depletion of a fishery. Flax oil also fits the bill and uses no fish at all.”

  • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

    Does anybody elso remember the times when salmon was a luxury treat reserved for special occasions?
    I feel disgusted when I see the “smart shoppers” rummaging around in the shop freezers to find the cheapest stuff. Those are animals, for god’s sake – living, feeling creatures like you and me! They’re NOT bargain offers to pump antibiotics and hormones into!
    The same goes for meat.
    Mankind is such a failre.

    *B&B goes nursing the flowers

    • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter


    • arclight arclight

      there may come a time b and b when the salmon is really expensive again….probaly starting this winter! 🙁 especially when the sheeple wake up to whats going on)

    • milk and cheese milk and cheese

      sorry to tell you but salmon used to sell for ten cents a pound in the thirties…it was called ‘poor man’s beefsteak’ then. My mom’s family ate it without knowing that they were healthier than they would be if they were eating beef.
      Overfishing put an end to that.

      • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

        milk and cheese, really? I didn’t know that! I learn here every day… probably it also depends if you live near the fishing grounds / coastline.
        I gave up meat 23 years ago, and sea fish is about to follow. We have an organic fisher who sells trouts from his own lakes – that might be a solution. And supporting small local businesses sounds right to me.

    • westcoastgirl westcoastgirl

      I am swearing off large fish in the future. I just bought a bunch of sardines and herring. I want to buy a lot before the radiation pollutes the whole ocean. Then I will go more towards a more vegetarian diet, although I do like fish.

      • I had to watch my fish after the GOM Gusher and Corexit, now I will be forced to give up Pacific fish, been stocking up too on pre 311 canned Pacific ocean catches !

        Won’t be the same with stop on so many foods coming in the near future !

  • bmurr bmurr

    Found this article while searching around.
    Interesting how Connecticut is not listed, yet all the states around us have found radiation int air, water, milk… so on…

    • arclight arclight

      interesting point about Connecticut! Geiger counter anybody in the local area? Air filters to gunderson if reading high, that sort of thing maybe?

      found this link on your link…thought it worth promoting!

      The Alliance For A Clean Environment

      A nice video report from may if you click the highlited text on the site of the below text! If you know what I mean??

      “Click Here to watch
      the latest ACE Report:
      “Lessons From The Japan Nuclear Disaster: Why It Can Happen At Limerick Nuclear Power Plant”
      May 2011 #89”

      Heres the link!

  • milk and cheese milk and cheese

    I’m going to have to give up all fish…right now I was getting only Canadian if possible. The northern fishing lakes are now the ones Fukushima pollution has dropped into. And our nice organic green leafy things are poisoned. Can’t win.

    • Perfect time to start a diet for better health !

      : |

    • Bobby1

      Atlantic fish are still ok I think, as are fish caught in the south Pacific and off Vietnam & Thailand. Farm-raised from China might be all right. Avoid all wild-caught north Pacific fish, and freshwater fish from the US and Canada.

      The green leafy veggies are less bad than they were, but most of them are from California so I still avoid them.

      The focus has changed now to vegetables absorbing radiation from soil, and how much radiation each kind of vegetable retains.

      • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

        Bobby1, I don’t even want to know what the fish are fed with on Chinese fish farms.

      • milk and cheese milk and cheese

        Canadian leafy veggies are probably just as bad. I got good and sick after eating veg (organic, no pesticide, etc) from a friend’s garden; no energy at all, metal taste in mouth…it’s too late, really.

        • Anthony Anthony

          I think everything’s already contaminated for us. But I also think things are going to get EXTREMELY challenging five years from now in terms of us surviving the effects of this disaster. They MUST put everything they’ve got into figuring how to stop the emissions. It is a toxic and deadly imbalance to nature’s ways. The taste in my mouth today outshone the brutal heat of the sun today. This can get much worse and will if unchecked. We need a miracle.

  • arclight arclight

    put this down here out of the way!

    a good resource…heres an example
    “Beta-carotene exhibited a radio-protective effect among 709 children exposed to radiation inflicted by the Chernobyl nuclear accident. For example, the Chernobyl accident showed that irradiation increases the susceptibility of lipids to oxidative damage and that natural beta-carotene may act as an in vivo lipophilic antioxidant or radio-protective agent (Ben-Amotz et al. 1998). Therefore, using beta-carotene following radiotherapy may reduce the tissue damage caused during treatment.”
    Interesting posit here
    “Beta-carotene is largely considered nontoxic even at high doses; for example, some nonconventional cancer therapies recommend large amounts of carrot juice. One large glass of carrot juice can contain 100,000-200,000 IU of provitamin A or carotene. The problem with carrot juice is that it is loaded with fructose (sugar). Cancer cells feed on sugar, and drinking carrot juice may induce an insulin spike that could potentially fuel cancer cell propagation.”
    And this
    “In a Japanese study, a total of 64 colorectal cancer patients (who had earlier undergone surgery) were evaluated for the effects of cimetidine on survival and disease recurrence. The cimetidine arm of the study received 800 mg a day of cimetidine along with 200 mg a day of the chemotherapy drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU); the control group received only 5-FU. The treatment was initiated 2 weeks following surgery and terminated 1 year later. Strikingly beneficial effects were noted: The 10-year survival rate for patients treated with cimetidine/5-FU was 84.6%, whereas that of the control group (5-FU alone) was only 49.8% (Matsumoto et al. 2002).”
    And this
    Berberine–Containing Herbs (Goldenseal, Barberry, Goldthread, and Oregon Grape)
    Berberine, strong and bitter in taste and found in various herbs, delivers anti-inflammatory properties via COX-2 inhibition (Fukuda et al. 1999). Kaempferol, a constituent of berberine, is a strikingly active inhibitor of COX-2 activity (Chen et al. 1999; Newmark et al. 2000). Berberine is unique, having the ability to inhibit COX-2 activity without involving the beneficial COX-1 enzyme. Berberine, perhaps by impacting the production of cyclooxygenase, influences the development of cancers at various sites:

    “Berberine is effective against bladder cancers (Chung et al. 1999).
    Berberine suppressed colon carcinogenesis and inhibited COX-2 without COX-1 inhibition. The COX-2 enzyme is abundantly expressed in colon cancer cells and plays a role in tumorigenesis. The berberine-COX-2 connection appears to best explain the mechanism of berberine’s anti-inflammatory and antitumor-promoting effects (Fukuda et al. 1999, Newmark et al. 2000).
    Berberine-induced apoptosis in human leukemia cells (Kuo et al. 1995).
    Berberine inhibited the development of skin tumors (Kitagawa et al. 1986).
    Berberine has potent antitumor activity against human and rat malignant brain tumors (Zhang et al. 1990). Studies using goldenseal, which contains the alkaloid berberine, showed average cancer kill rate of 91% in rats, over twice that seen in BCNU (a standard chemotherapy agent for brain tumors). Rat studies used 10 mg/kg of berberine.
    A suggested dose is three 250-mg capsules of goldenseal each day. The preparation should be standardized to provide 5% hydrastine. Various respected herbalists suggest that goldenseal should be cycled (rotated with other herbals) rather than routinely administered. Goldenseal contains the alkaloids berberine, hydrastine, and canadine.”
    And this
    “Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)
    The anti-inflammatory traits of Feverfew have an ability to inhibit the COX-2 enzyme (Hwang et al. 1996). According to Newmark et al. (2000), feverfew contains a lactone, or chemical compound called parthenolide. Parthenolide, in turn, contains a variant of methylene-gamma-lactone (MGL) that interacts with macrophages. The white blood cell-lactone interaction suppresses a critical protein process, a repression that ultimately inhibits the COX-2 enzyme. In addition, feverfew contains apigenin (a flavonoid) and melatonin, both COX-2 inhibitors (Murch et al. 1997).

    Researchers at Children’s Hospital Medical Center (Cincinnati, Ohio) explained another of parthenolide’s anti-inflammatory traits: its ability to inhibit NF-kB, the predecessor of a number of potentially damaging cytokines (Sheehan et al. 2002). Recall that as inflammation is reduced the risks of many degenerative diseases decrease as well (turn to the protocol entitled Cancer Treatment: The Critical Factors to read about the cytokine/cancer connection).

    In addition, feverfew inhibits 5-lipoxygenase, an enzyme that metabolizes AA. A byproduct of this metabolism (hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid or HETE) feeds cancer cells and promotes angiogenesis, the development of new blood vessels. Agents that inhibit the production of lipoxygenase should be of particular interest to individuals taking COX-2 inhibitors; as the COX-2 enzyme is inhibited, 5-lipoxygenase enzymes become activated (Pizzorno 2001).

    A suggested dosage is 1-2 capsules of feverfew a day, standardized to contain 600 mcg of parthenolide. Pregnant and lactating women should avoid feverfew, as well as those showing allergic sensitivities.”
    And this
    “Ginger (Zingiber officinalis)
    From the scores of biologically active components contained in ginger, some are specific for inhibiting COX-2 and others for inhibiting 5-lipoxygenase, enzymes responsible for the formation of pro-inflammatory agents (prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4) from AA. Ginger safely modulates COX-2 activity but also brings balance to COX-1 (an enzyme responsible for gastric mucosal integrity) in a manner vastly superior to synthetic NSAIDs (Newmark et al. 2000; Reiter et al. 2001).

    As COX-2 and 5-lipoxygenase are repressed, two distinct metabolic pathways are inhibited, one leading to the synthesis of prostaglandins and the other leading to the production of HETEs. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) (produced from COX-2-arachidonic acid interactions) promotes cellular proliferation, and 5-HETE is considered indispensable fuel for tumor growth (prostate in particular).

    It has been speculated that therapeutic dosages of ginger inhibit PGE2 by up to 56%. As ginger slows down 5-lipoxygenase and 5-HETE production, cell death is stimulated in both hormone responsive and nonresponsive human prostate cancer cells (Suekawa et al. 1986; Ghosh et al. 1998). Leukotrienes, produced by lipoxygenase, are considered 1000 times more reactive than histamine. Ginger has more 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors than any other botanical source (Newmark et al. 2000).

    Ginger may also be useful in overcoming nausea that accompanies chemotherapy and toxicity associated with the breakdown products of cancerous tissue. James Duke, Ph.D., distinguished botanist and author, has high regard for ginger, adding that it has a major advantage over other antiemetics because of its safety profile. Ginger’s antioxidant activity adds another plus to a booming list of anticancer credits. A suggested dosage is 2 grams of ginger a day.”
    And this
    “Green Tea
    Salicylic acid, the main anti-inflammatory component of aspirin, is a naturally occurring compound found in green tea, having COX-2 inhibiting qualities. The polyphenols and flavonoids contained in green tea are also COX-2 inhibitors (Noreen et al. 1998).

    Mayo Clinic researchers showed that green tea consumption inhibited cancer growth (Paschka et al. 1998). They identified the green tea polyphenol EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) as the most potent inhibitor of cancer cell proliferation. Japanese researchers pinpointed the types of cancer most responsive to green tea (breast, esophageal, liver, lung, skin, and stomach) by surveying cancer-free individuals who consumed 4-6 cups of green tea a day.

    The odds ratio of stomach cancer decreased to 0.69 with a high intake of green tea (7 cups or more a day) (Inoue et al. 1998). Another study conducted in Yangzhong (a region in China with a high incidence of chronic gastritis and gastric cancer) showed the amount and duration of green tea consumption governed the rate of stomach cancer. Frequent long-term green tea drinkers had approximately 50% less risk of developing gastric cancer compared to individuals consuming little or no tea (Setiawan et al. 2001). Green tea reduces the damaging effects of nitrites in the acidic environment of the stomach with greater efficiency than vitamin C.

    The growth of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cells, transplanted in mice, was reduced by 50% when green tea was a part of the animal’s diet. Cyclophosphamide, a chemotherapeutic drug, administered at the maximum tolerable dose, was unable to replicate similar benefits (Bertolini et al. 2000). Part of green tea’s anticancer profile includes an antimutagenic factor that helps DNA replicate accurately (Uhlenbruck et al. 1998).

    PGE2 is thought to stimulate tumor promotion in precancerous and cancerous cells (August et al. 1999; Bertolini et al. 2000). Of 14 subjects, 10 (71%) demonstrated a response to green tea, as evidenced by at least a 50% inhibition of PGE2 in rectal mucosa.

    EGCG appears to normalize the cell growth cycle and prompt apoptosis in cancer cells by inhibiting NF-kB, a growth vehicle cancer cells use to escape cell regulatory control (Ahmad et al. 2000). EGCG strongly and directly inhibits telomerase, an enzyme (normally dormant from birth) that delivers immortal status to cancer cells (Naasani et al. 1998).

    Cigarette smokers who drink green tea have a 45% lower risk of lung cancer compared to non-tea drinkers. Even though Japan has one of the highest numbers of smokers in the world, they have one of the lowest rates of lung cancer of any developed nation, a protection thought to be delivered by green tea.

    The number of anticarcinogens, antioxidants, and anti-proliferative agents found in green tea (carotenoids, chlorophyll, polysaccharides, vitamins C and E, and numerous flavonoids) explains why some researchers advocate using a broad-spectrum extract, replicating the plant’s total constituents. Considering the vastness of green tea’s anti-cancer effects, incorporating green tea into the diet 5-10 cups a day (or five 350-mg capsules three times a day of a 95% polyphenol extract) would appear to be wise for individuals concerned with cancer.”
    And this
    Worldwide clinical trials have chiseled out a definite place for curcumin in oncology. Among them are New York Presbyterian Hospital and the Weill Medical College, which reported that curcumin, a curcuminoid found in turmeric, directly inhibited the COX-2 enzyme (Zhang et al. 1999). So excited are various oncologists regarding curcumin that the potent anti-inflammatory has been classed as a potential third generation cancer chemopreventive agent.

    Curcumin inhibited thromboxane A2 (TxA2), a highly unstable, biologically active compound created by COX from AA (Shah et al. 1999; Newmark et al. 2000). Unless controlled, TxA2 promotes tumor endothelial cell migration (metastasis) and angiogenesis. By inhibiting TxA2, curcumin reduces the tumor’s blood supply and lessens the threat of metastasis (Arbiser et al. 1998; Nie et al. 2000). Curcumin is effective at inhibiting 5-lipoxygenase and subsequently HETE, a survival factor for prostate, breast, and pancreatic cancers (Ghosh et al. 1998; Ding et al. 1999; Newmark et al. 2000; Li et al. 2001).

    The following list illustrates the depth of curcumin’s defenses against cancer:

    Colon: Curcumin inhibited chemically induced carcinogenesis in the colon when administered at different stages of the cancer process. Laboratory rats, administered curcumin during either initiation or late in the premalignant phase, had a lesser incidence and fewer numbers of invasive malignant colon tumors (Kawamori et al. 1999). Also, by inhibiting COX-2-arachidonic acid interactions, curcumin suppresses prostaglandins responsible for inflammatory processes (Plummer et al. 1999). Chronic inflammation has for decades been regarded as a cause of colon cancer (Konig et al. 1976).
    Antioxidant activity: Curcumin inhibits or possibly even reverses oxidative damage by scavenging and neutralizing free radicals. By defusing the hydroxyl and superoxide radicals and breaking oxidative chain reactions, curcumin protects DNA with greater efficiency than lipoic acid, vitamin E, or beta-carotene (Ruby et al. 1995; Ahsan et al. 1999; Li et al. 2001).
    Breast cancer: Curcumin inhibits the growth of multiple breast cancer cell lines (Inano et al. 1999), particularly those that result from exposure to environmental estrogens such as chemicals and pesticides (Verma et al. 1998). Also, curcumin, estrogen, and estrogen mimickers gain entry into the cell through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Because curcumin competes for entry, it can crowd out damaging materials (Ciolino et al. 1998). According to researchers, curcumin blends well with other cancer inhibitors. For example, a curcumin-isoflavonoid combination suppressed the growth of estrogen receptor-positive cancer cells up to 95% (Verma et al. 1998).
    Oral tumors: Curcumin inhibits oral squamous cell carcinoma more effectively than either genistein or quercetin (Ellatar et al. 2000). Only cisplatin, a platinum-based chemotherapy drug, was more effective.
    Skin tumors: Curcumin inhibits skin tumors. When applied topically, curcumin reduces skin inflammation and inhibits local swelling (Huang et al. 1997).
    Prostate cancer: Curcumin was able to decrease the proliferative potential of androgen-independent prostate cancer cells–and cells of other androgen-dependent cancers–largely by encouraging apoptosis. Moreover, a significant decrease in microvessel density, the sustaining blood supply of a tumor, was also observed (Dorai et al. 2001).
    Leukemia: Curcumin-induced apoptotic cell death in promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells at concentrations as low as 3.5 mcg/mL (Kuo et al. 1996).
    Protein kinase C (PKC) and epidermal growth factors (EGF): Curcumin was proclaimed “potentially useful” in developing anti-proliferative strategies to control tumor growth by suppressing the activity of protein kinase C (PKC) (Korutla et al. 1995). As the activity of PKC is slowed down, tumor proliferation is halted (Lin et al. 1997). PKC transmits signals from the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R), a cycle that ultimately encourages the growth of tumors. Conversely, cancers awaiting EGF stimulation are dealt a severe blow if this pathway is severed. Curcumin blocked the activation of EGF by 90%.
    p53 potentiator: Curcumin increases expression of healthy nuclear p53 protein in human basal cell carcinomas, hepatomas, and leukemia cell lines (Jee et al. 1998). Turn to the protocol Cancer: Gene Therapies, Stem Cells, Telomeres, and Cytokines to read more about tumor suppressor genes.
    Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha): Researchers at the University of Kentucky showed that TNF-alpha acts as a catalyst in cytokine production, stimulating interleukin-6 (IL-6) and -8 (IL-8) and activating NF-kB (Blanchard et al. 2001). Curcumin inhibits TNF-alpha, thus blocking TNF-alpha, NF-kB pathways, and the emergence of pro-inflammatory cytokines (Xu et al. 1997-1998; Li et al. 2001; Literat et al. 2001). To read more about proinflammatory cytokines, turn to the protocol Cancer: Gene Therapies, Stem Cells, Telomeres and Cytokines.
    Helicobactor pylori: Exposure of gastric epithelial cells to the ulcer-causing bacterium H. pylori (considered a potential gastric and pancreatic carcinogen) induces secretion of IL-8. IL-8 plays a pivotal role in the development of cancer. The more virulent H. pylori, the greater the production of IL-8. H. pylori strains that fail to induce IL-8 secretion do not activate NF-kB, while all IL-8 inducing strains activate the transcription factor. Curcumin is capable of inhibiting NF-kB and completely suppressing IL-8. By restraining essential players in the development of H. pylori, curcumin diminishes the risks of both gastric and pancreatic cancer (Munzenmaier et al. 1997; Stolzenberg-Solomon et al. 2001).
    Although the benefits of curcumin are impressive, curcumin is poorly assimilated. This means that while the digestive tract and liver profit, the remainder of the body may be denied benefit. Administering 2000 mg of curcumin showed that very little reached the bloodstream. This dilemma is amendable by adding a small amount of piperine (a component of black pepper) to curcumin, increasing bioavailability by 2000% (Shoba et al. 1998). However, it is possible that piperine in combination with prescription drugs could increase the bioavailability of the drug. Therefore, it is recommended that curcumin (containing piperine) be taken 2 hours apart from prescription medications.

    Super Curcumin dosage: Healthy people typically take 900 mg of curcumin each day. Cancer patients often take as much as four 900-mg capsules 3 times a day for a 6- to 12-month period, reducing the dosage thereafter. Individuals with biliary tract obstruction should avoid curcumin because it enhances biliary flow from the liver. High doses of curcumin should not be taken on an empty stomach to protect against gastric irritation.

    Note: The question ultimately arises as to whether curcumin is appropriate during chemotherapy. A recent study from the University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill) showed that curcumin reduced the effectiveness of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients by inhibiting reactive oxygen species (Somasundaram et al. 2002). Please refer to the protocols Cancer: Should Patients Take Dietary Supplements? and Cancer Chemotherapy to read more about this study and the advisability of taking curcumin during conventional treatment.”
    And this
    “The drugs, hormones, and nutrients discussed in this protocol have documented mechanisms of action that may benefit the cancer patient. The objective of implementing an adjuvant regimen consisting of multiple agents is to increase the odds of achieving a long remission. Once a remission is achieved, preventing recurrence and secondary cancers becomes a lifetime commitment.

    Few oncologists aggressively seek to prevent recurrence once the primary disease appears to have been eradicated. However, the regrettable facts are that colonies of cancer cells can remain dormant in the body for years or decades before reappearing as full-blown disease that is highly resistant to treatment. This has been documented in autopsy studies of people who died of diseases other than cancer but nonetheless showed significant residual metastatic tumors in their bodies.”

    And theres loads more links there! Ginger etc ….definately establishment but still a cool resource
    One last thing! Loads of info on how good omega three is in treating cancer especially menhaden…there are other sources such as deer! That eat moss mushrooms and lichen!! Not a good situation overall….synthetic omega 3 anyone!

  • Arclight, this a wealth of valuable information to me and I say thank you here. I am copying this and pasting it to keep. I ponder some of this as it may help blood diseases. I have lupus. My bet is some of this will help me.

    • arclight arclight

      us humans need to improvise….hope it helps! should elp toput you in the right direction for research, hopefully…lots more health advice on this site too from people qualified than i!!

  • Anthony Anthony

    Consumer’s Association says OK to buy salmon
    Mike Bothwell

    It’s “OK to keep buying fish”, wild salmon, according to the Consumer’s Association of Canada.

    That’s despite word that the Canada Food Inspection Agency is testing the fish for radiation from Japan’s crippled nuclear plant.

    Spokesman Bruce Cran says he doesn’t expect word of the tests to have much impact on consumers and so far there’s no indication there is a problem.

    “I don’t think anyone should be panicking to a degree at the moment that they should be taking action like not buying salmon, or any other products from Japan.”

    Cran says word of the tests is a bit of a suprise because there’s been no indication there’s been a problem, but he adds his association has generally been asking for products to be checked for radiation.

    The C.F.I.A. has said it’s making the move out of an abundance of caution and does not expect to find problems.