Japan Gov’t-funded Report: MOX fuel particles found over 100 km from Fukushima — Plutonium-239 levels ‘significantly enhanced’ after Reactor 3 explosion — Nuclear fuel material transported in atmosphere across long distances (MAP)

Published: December 5th, 2014 at 10:09 am ET
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American Chemical Society (2014), Excerpts from Airborne Plutonium and Non-Natural Uranium from the Fukushima DNPP Found at 120 km Distance a Few Days after Reactor Hydrogen Explosions (emphasis added):

  • Plutonium release from the damaged FDNPP was confirmed… the release of Pu [plutonium] and U [uranium] from the FDNPP to the atmosphere is still not well-known. We analyzed the isotopic compositions of Pu and U… 120km south−southwest of the FDNPP.
  • Uranium in Aerosol Samples… In the weeks immediately after the reactor hydrogen explosion, a higher n(236U)/n(238U) than before was observed… we conclude that the U on the filter with increased n(236U)/n(238U) are affected by the FDNPP.
  • Plutonium in Aerosol SamplesFive samples show a significantly enhanced count rate of 239Pu of more than 0.07 cps… The content of 239Pu in sample 5… was [8,900,000] atoms… n(240Pu)/n(239Pu) and n(241Pu)/n(239Pu) in five Pu-rich samples… correspond to the ratio observed in the litter sample near the FDNPP.
  • Most probably the Pu and the nonnatural U found in this study were transported… with the plume of the hydrogen explosion in the Unit 3 reactor, which was equipped with a mixed core of uranium fuel, and mixed uranium and plutonium oxides (MOX). Gamma-ray dose rate… began to increase on March 15… This observation together with the wind direction allow us to assume that the unusual Pu and U were transported with this plume from the FDNPP over 120 km distance on March 15… Pu and U detected in this study were presumably small particles from the fuel removed by some process and transported over long distance by wind. To our knowledge, this is the first verification using the analytical data of Pu and non-natural U that the fuel materials from the FDNPP were transported in the atmosphere over a distance of 120 km.
  • This research was funded by Helmholtz Zentrum München, Universität Wien, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie and Japan Atomic Energy Agency.

Previous report based solely on study’s abstract here: Plutonium found 120 km from plant; Pu and non-natural uranium certainly increased in environment

Published: December 5th, 2014 at 10:09 am ET
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150 comments

Related Posts

  1. Experts: Plutonium levels 10,000,000 times normal in water below Fukushima reactors — Plutonium hit record high off coast in 2014 — “Has been transported relatively long distances” – Every sample taken from rivers flowing into Pacific had Pu-239, Pu-240, Pu-241,and Pu-242 from plant July 10, 2015
  2. Nuclear fuel found 15 miles from Tokyo suburbs — Fukushima uranium in ‘glassy’ spheres transported over 170 km — Structural materials from the nuclear reactors also present (PHOTOS) August 10, 2014
  3. 200,000,000,000,000 becquerels/kg in fuel rod materials found near Tokyo… “the material spread globally” — Composed “major part” of worst Fukushima plume — Persists for long time in living organisms — Must reconsider disaster’s health effects (PHOTOS) August 11, 2014
  4. NPR: Scientists test for Fukushima plutonium being transported in Pacific — Study: Plutonium particles found to have “high environmental mobility” — Expert: Fuel materials may be flowing from plant, “What is actually contained in releases?” (AUDIO) February 12, 2014
  5. Scientists: Plutonium released from Fukushima “is of radiological concern”; Reactor must be source, not spent fuel pool — Study: Plutonium found 120 km from plant; “Pu and non-natural uranium certainly increased in environment” April 21, 2014

150 comments to Japan Gov’t-funded Report: MOX fuel particles found over 100 km from Fukushima — Plutonium-239 levels ‘significantly enhanced’ after Reactor 3 explosion — Nuclear fuel material transported in atmosphere across long distances (MAP)

  • rogerthat

    http://www.knoxnews.com/news/nation-and-world/mishaps-at-nuke-repository-lead-to-54m-in-fines_09201919_

    Mishaps at nuke repository lead to $54M in fines
    By SUSAN MONTOYA BRYAN, Associated Press
    Dec 6

    ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) – New Mexico on Saturday levied more than $54 million in penalties against the U.S. Department of Energy … the orders outline more than 30 state permit violations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southeastern New Mexico and at Los Alamos National Laboratory…

    … According to the state, experts had notified the lab to stop using organic materials as early as 2012 because of the possible dangers of mixing them with nitrates salts.


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  • rogerthat

    http://fukushima-diary.com/2014/12/tepco-failed-shutting-retained-water-even-cement-water-level-becomes-back-within-2-5-hours/

    Tepco failed in shutting up retained water even with cement / Water level becomes back only within 2.5 hours

    … Also, the water temperature jumped up…


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  • rogerthat

    http://the-japan-news.com/news/article/0001771695

    The Yomiuri Shimbun
    Dec 7
    The government intends to store soil contaminated with radioactive substances on some land plots even before the land is purchased for construction of a temporary storage facility, according to sources….


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  • rogerthat

    http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20141205p2a00m0na011000c.html

    Japan eyes returning to nuclear power, enthusiasm about renewable energy stymied

    … During the current general election campaign, there has been no specific debate on nuclear power and renewable energy, prompting the anti-nuclear opposition camp to accuse the ruling coalition of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and Komeito of covering up the debate on nuclear power…

    Nagasaki University professor Tatsujiro Suzuki, a former acting chairman of the Japan Atomic Energy Commission, says … the government is not serious about reducing Japan's dependence on nuclear power…

    In Europe, the share of renewable energy in relation to overall power generation in 2013 stood at 26.4 percent in Spain and 20.9 percent in Germany, as compared with 2.2 percent in Japan …


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2014/12/05/commentary/japan-commentary/japans-media-needs-to-act-as-a-watchdog-not-a-lapdog/#.VIO78EJB-S0

    Japan’s media needs to act as a watchdog, not a lapdog
    BY WILLIAM PESEK
    BLOOMBERG
    DEC 5

    To destroy a people, obliterate their understanding of history. Either Japanese media executives haven’t read “1984,” or they’ve failed to get George Orwell’s point…

    - today's must read


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  • rogerthat

    http://kingston.wickedlocal.com/article/20141205/NEWS/141209483

    Pilgrim Nuclear's flawed FLEX plan

    By Bill Maurer
    Dec 5

    To address the lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident in 2011, a U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Task Force recommended that nuclear facilities augment their emergency response plans in order to keep reactor cores and spent fuel pools from melting down due to extended loss of electrical power, called a “station blackout.”

    Soon afterward, the nuclear industry rolled out its own response plan, dubbed Diverse and Flexible Coping Strategies, or FLEX…

    In February 2013, Entergy Corp., the Louisiana-based company that owns Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station, submitted its FLEX plan to the NRC. The NRC approved Entergy’s plan in December 2013.

    Without presenting the comprehensive FLEX plan to local and state regulators, Entergy made piecemeal applications for permitting and licensure.

    Sound familiar? This is the same strategy Entergy took when it started building the dry cask storage nuclear waste dump two years ago at Pilgrim. Entergy failed to apply for local zoning approval until concerned citizens asked questions. So here we go again with Entergy’s FLEX plan.

    On November 18, 2014, at the request of concerned citizens, the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) held a hearing at Plymouth Town Hall, where citizens exposed obvious weaknesses in Entergy’s FLEX plan…


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    • rogerthat

      One of the most glaring deficiencies is the anticipated year-round and all-weather functionality of a manual outhaul pulley system with moorings to be deployed on public lands in Cape Cod Bay.

      This type of outhaul system is traditionally used during the summer boating season to moor light watercraft in water deep enough to prevent grounding during low tide.

      Entergy proposes to use this outhaul system to access and then pump seawater to the reactor to prevent a nuclear meltdown during a station blackout.

      Past station blackouts at Pilgrim occurred during extreme weather events (i.e., high wind events including Nor’easters, hurricanes, snow and ice storms, etc.).

      Entergy’s proposal for such a manual outhaul system whose performance ability will also be limited, diminished or even rendered useless during severe weather events is simply a ridiculous emergency plan proposition.

      Additionally, Entergy’s license application for the moorings and outhaul system becomes a license to pollute Cape Cod Bay during a Pilgrim nuclear emergency.

      This is because Entergy has no plan to capture the seawater dumped on the reactor to prevent a meltdown from flowing back into Cape Cod Bay, now contaminated with radionuclides and other pollutants.

      Did the U.S nuclear industry and the NRC really learn any lessons from Fukushima? The smart money, the bankers and insurers, still find commercial nuclear reactors too risky to finance and insure …


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  • rogerthat

    http://chronicle.augusta.com/latest-news/2014-12-04/changes-h-canyon-savannah-river-site-expected-reduce-waste-costs

    …“Every gallon of waste produced costs $84 to be stored, evaporated, qualified, and for sludge, run through the melter to produce glass,” said Wyatt Clark, the SRNS senior vice president of environmental management operations.


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    • And where does the power to do all of this come from?

      What does the POWER cost to run this whole waste operation each year?

      How much power does it use in MW yearly?

      Is that cost and power included in the cost of nuclear power?

      No? Why not?


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      • AirSepTech AirSepTech

        From a power plant. Nuke, fossil, hydro, wind, more and more solar.
        Cost? Less than you and I pay.
        Amount–A lot, possibly as much as Nuke power produces, maybe more.
        Included, ya sure, in the cost of everything.

        How much does it cost to work up a Mine? Process Plant? Transportation? Fuel manufacturing. Transportation again. Install into a reactor. Removal. Transportation again. Reprocess or storage.
        All the f-ing payroll, benefits, retirements, insurance, business meetings, investments, mishap mitigation, lawyer fees, government programs, oversight, control, ad campaigns, the alphabet groups, DOE, MSHA, DOL, EPA, NRC, DOD, DOZENS, all the State involvement,,,,,all the OVERHEAD COSTS.

        Don't forget Wall St., banksters, your 401k and 1000's of other foolish pigs bellied up to the trough. And the Weapons side of it

        Should be clear as a bell—it is a money maker, better than gold.

        Problem is, it is mostly TAX money to support it, and we are worse than broke.

        Over $18,000,000,000,000 past broke.


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  • rogerthat

    https://ricochet.com/nuclear-free-florida-vote/

    Bill Whalen
    December 4

    Try this for a 2014 surprise: Florida, the state which gave American hanging chads and a nation paralyzed by a sketchy statewide vote back at the beginning of this century, has found a peaceful way to settle elections.

    Unable to determine the winner of seat on the Mount Dora city council, the town’s mayor this week drew the winning name from a hat — on the front porch of city hall, for all the world to see…

    One reason perhaps why Mount Dora is so civil in its civic proceedings: it’s seen the future and didn’t like it.

    The town (it’s in central Florida, northwest of Orlando) is the basis for the 1959 novel Alas, Babylon, about the effects of a nuclear war on fictional Fort Repose, Florida — i.e., Mount Dora.

    Hey, that was 55 years ago. The Cold War’s over.

    No need to go nuclear over a city council seat.


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  • rogerthat

    http://petitions.moveon.org/sign/nuclear-regulatory-commissio-1?source=s.em.mt&r_by=11976687

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC): Keep Us Safe From San Onofre Nuclear Waste
    Petition by Let Laguna Vote

    To be delivered to Thomas Wengert and Governor Jerry Brown


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  • rogerthat

    http://envirocentersoco.org/enviroupdates/

    DECEMBER 5, 2014
    California’s ‘hot drought’ ranks worst in at least 1,200 years

    Tom Randall, BLOOMBERG.COM

    … What makes this drought exceptional is the heat. Extreme heat.

    Higher temperatures increase evaporation and help deplete reservoirs and groundwater. The California heat this year is like nothing ever seen in modern temperature records. ..


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  • rogerthat

    http://neptune911.wordpress.com/2014/11/11/can-coastal-dead-zones-return-to-life/

    Can Coastal Dead Zones Return to Life?
    BY CHARMAINE COIMBRA on NOVEMBER 11, 2014

    …Dead zones are summer plagues that happen when waters warm.

    As the water temperatures increase, three key events pave the way for a catastrophe that kills any fish, crab, oyster and shrimp that relies on oxygen.

    The metabolism of animals in the water revs up, turning them into hungry eaters that use more oxygen as they search and feed on algae.

    Algae that feeds on nutrient pollution that runs off farms in rains and pours out of overflowing sewers bloom and perish in a rapid and enormous death spiral.

    Microbes feed on the dead algae in a frenzy that sucks out oxygen to a point where it can no longer sustain life…


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  • rogerthat

    http://neptune911.wordpress.com/2014/11/19/seabird-mortality-rises-on-pacific-west-coast/

    … If confirmed, “They would be the first seabird species hit hard by a lack of krill.” the association said…


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  • rogerthat

    http://mainichi.jp/english/english/features/news/20141206p2a00m0na014000c.html

    German translator calls for thorough debate on nuclear power policy

    Mainichi

    Speaking to a group of around 20 junior high school students gathered for a documentary screening, Masashi Oikawa, 37, told them of his hopes for the future: "I want a society that can completely provide for our energy needs through natural energy sources by the time you are all 30 years old." …


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.aikenstandard.com/article/20141205/AIK0203/141209713/1018/AIK02/letter-nuclear-isn-t-the-way-forward

    Letter: Nuclear isn’t the way forward
    Dec 5

    As Congress struggles to produce a federal budget, there is one item that should clearly not be included: wasting money to try to license the Yucca Mountain site as a nuclear waste dump.

    The site cannot isolate nuclear waste because it is ridden with earthquake and volcanic activity and will leak radioactivity in water and air…

    Nuclear is not viable on this planet.

    Elizabeth Darden
    Aiken


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.tageo.com/index-e-ja-v-08-d-m33711602.htm

    Fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant – Tageo.com
    http://www.tageo.com › Japan
    22 hours ago – Satellite view of Fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant.

    I enlarged x4. it looks warm and fuzzy?


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  • rogerthat

    http://lucian.uchicago.edu/blogs/atomicage/

    GOP Kills Florida Solar, Takes the Sun out of Sunshine State via People’s World

    Florida right-wing state regulators launched an attack against solar energy on Nov. 25, when they approved proposals to slash the state’s energy efficiency goals by over 90 percent and terminate solar rebate programs by the end of 2015.

    This was done in order to appease investor-owned utilities that contribute to climate change, including Duke Energy, Tampa Electric, and Florida Power & Light (FPL) – the three companies that submitted the proposal.

    The decision came after two hours of debate, with members of the state Public Service Commission (PSC) voting 3-2 in favor of the plan.

    The two commissioners who gave a “No” vote were Lisa Edgar and Julie Brown, who said that they would not agree with a plan that altered state energy policy so severely.

    “It’s not the direction I would go in,” Edgar remarked.


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.fukuleaks.org/web/?p=14189

    SimplyInfo » The Latest

    4158 bq/kg Mushrooms Found In Tochigi Prefecture
    December 7

    Mushrooms from Tochigi prefecture tested and found to have 4158 bq/kg of cesium. The test was recently completed and shows that the problems of radioactive foods it not “over” and not isolated to Fukushima prefecture…


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.grass-roots-press.com

    Watchdogs Urge Reduced Contractor Fees at the Los Alamos Lab

    Washington, DC and Santa Fe, NM – Today, the Project On Government Oversight (POGO) and Nuclear Watch New Mexico sent the Secretary of the Department of Energy a letter urging that the contractor award fee for the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) be slashed.

    The total possible fee that can be earned for FY 2014, which ended September 30, is $17.1 million in fixed fee and up to $40 million in incentive fee.

    The watchdog organizations argue that the incentive fee award should be cut at least in half because of grossly substandard contractor performance.

    The Los Alamos Lab is run by Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS), whose two main partners are the University of California (UC) and the privately held Bechtel Corporation.

    UC ran the Lab as a nonprofit until June 2006, and received approximately $8 million in annual compensation.

    In contrast, the for-profit LANS was awarded $51.9 million in FY 2013, or more than six times the old nonprofit fee, for no apparent improvement in contract management.

    As recently reported by The Albuquerque Journal, LANL Director Charlie McMillan makes $1.5 million annually while also acting as president of LANS, which is a possible conflict of interest.

    LANS’ contract performance in FY 2014 was demonstrably worse than other years. The best, well-publicized evidence is that the Lab used unapproved waste handling…


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    • rogerthat

      methods to prepare plutonium-contaminated radioactive wastes for disposal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).

      A waste drum subsequently ruptured, contaminating 21 workers and closing WIPP, with estimated reopening costs of a half-billion dollars (which watchdogs say will no doubt increase). …

      Less well known, the Lab is the nation’s only so-called “Plutonium Center of Excellence,” but has been unable to conduct major operations at its plutonium facility since the end of June 2013 because of nuclear criticality safety issues.

      The two watchdog organizations do not support plutonium operations at LANL, much of which is geared towards what they consider the unnecessary production of plutonium pits, the fissile cores of nuclear weapons. However, at the same time, contractors should not be paid for work they don’t do, according to the groups.

      Peter Stockton, POGO’s senior investigator, commented, “It’s time for some tough love! LANS screws up the WIPP facility, costing the government at least $500 million, and had to stop operations at its plutonium facility for over a year because of nuclear safety concerns. In the face of these debacles, DOE should be seeking restitution, not providing a performance bonus.”

      Bechtel has had a particularly troubling contracting history with DOE. Under its…


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      • rogerthat

        Under its management estimated costs for the Waste Treatment Plant at the Hanford nuclear reservation soared from $3.5 billion to $13 billion, with numerous whistleblower complaints.

        Similarly, under LANS’ management of the Los Alamos Lab, estimated costs for the Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement Project mushroomed from around $600 million to $6.5 billion, leading to cancellation of the proposed “Nuclear Facility.”

        Now, in effect, Bechtel has awarded itself the construction contract to build the Uranium Processing Facility at the Y-12 production plant in Oak Ridge, Tenn.

        Under a previous contractor estimated costs for the UPF exploded from around $600 million to as high as $19 billion. To help fix that, the UPF’s mission has been recently narrowed to nuclear weapons components production only (eliminating dismantlements) in order to hold to a budget cap of $6.5 billion.

        That means the American taxpayer is paying more for less, and arguably for the wrong priorities. Lockheed Martin and Bechtel run the new Y-12 management contract.

        Jay Coghlan, Nuclear Watch director, commented, “The Department of Energy’s cozy relationships with its contractors must end, given their repeated failures and massive cost overruns.

        ''Substandard performance by the Los Alamos Lab contractor is costing the taxpayer dearly, and therefore DOE should slash its incentive performance fee award at least in half. From there, DOE should consider booting Los Alamos…


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  • StPaulScout StPaulScout

    Fukushima Plutonium, and ALL transuranics are now spread completely across the northern hemisphere. Dispersed into the worlds oceans and seas. Blanketing all land.


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.reviewjournal.com/politics/government/feds-want-save-sage-grouse-conditions-interior-secretary-says

    By LAURA MYERS
    LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL
    Interior Secretary Sally Jewell told a meeting of Western governors Saturday in Las Vegas that the U.S. government’s goal is to find a way to save the sage grouse without having to list it as an endangered species.

    Jewell was meeting with Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval and other state leaders who object to listing the sage grouse, arguing it would lock up hundreds of thousands of acres and harm the mining, ranching and cattle industries while changing the way of life in the Silver State.

    The U.S. Department of Fish and Wildlife and other agencies have been working with environmentalists and local authorities in 11 Western states to find a way to protect sage grouse habitat and preserve the species without a formal listing, Jewell said, speaking at a news conference.

    She said there’s a September 2015 deadline for Fish and Wildlife to make a decision on whether to list the bird as an endangered species and set aside protected habitat for it.

    “We want to create an environment where a listing is not warranted,” Jewell said. “So we’re all working with that common objective. … It truly is epic collaboration. It’s not just the sage grouse that’s at stake. It’s the Western way of life that’s at stake.” …


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.macon.com/2014/12/07/3466522_state-monitor-warns-on-ga-nuclear.html?rh=1

    State monitor warns on Ga. nuclear plant costs
    BY RAY HENRY
    Associated Press December 7

    - a billion here, a billion there … these guys talk in big numbers.


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  • rogerthat

    http://fukushima-diary.com/2014/12/iron-oxidizing-bacterium-forming-microbial-population-contaminated-groundwater/

    Following up this article.. Unidentified algae looking-creature mass generated in bypass well / Tepco “Great quantity” [URL]

    The unidentified algae was Iron-oxidizing bacterium, Tepco announced in the report published on 11/27/2014.

    Iron-oxidizing bacteria are bacteria that derive the energy they need to live and multiply by oxidizing dissolved ferrous iron. [Wikipedia]


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  • rogerthat

    http://libra.msra.cn/Publication/12073779

    Chromium speciation and mobility in a high level nuclear waste vadose zone plume


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  • rogerthat

    https://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/category/sellafield-contamination-incident/

    Lies of Our Times – High Level Omissions

    by Anna Mayo
    Posted on February 4, 2014

    This is an article from the 1994 issue of Lies of Our Times – the nuclear lies have continued and are accelerating …. this article exposes the same old lies told in 1994. The lies are being retold and beefed up in 2014 “radiation is good for you” “real environmentalists love nuclear” and so on again and again. Meanwhile the only wholly government sponsored industry pollutes us all…


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  • rogerthat

    http://www.reviewjournal.com/politics/government/feds-want-save-sage-grouse-conditions-interior-secretary-says

    … ''Secretary Moniz also reaffirmed to Governor Sandoval that the position of the Department under this Administration has been unwavering — Yucca Mountain is not a workable solution,” the joint statement said. “That has not, and will not change. The Department firmly believes in a consent-based process as a prerequisite for long-term success.” …


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    • rogerthat

      http://www.reviewjournal.com/political-eye/heller-hits-nerve-energy-nomination

      Las Vegas Review-Journal
      Heller hits nerve on energy nomination
      Dec 7

      … The Senate voted Thursday to confirm Joseph Hezir to be the department’s chief financial officer. The vote was 89-3, with Heller one of the three.

      Heller, R-Nev., pointed out that Hezir was a consultant and former lobbyist whose firm, the EOP Group, did lobbying throughout the 2000s for the Nuclear Energy Institute. Hezir’s lobbyist filings show he worked on Yucca Mountain and other nuclear waste issues.

      Hezir halted lobbying in 2011, records show. The Washington Times reported he signed an ethics agreement saying he would resign as EOP Group vice president and director upon confirmation.

      Heller said the connection between the nominee and the controversial Nevada nuclear waste site was too close for his comfort. … the chief financial officer’s job description includes “strategic planning,” with budget administration, program analysis and evaluation, finance and accounting, internal controls and corporate financial systems.

      “Today I am standing up for Nevada,” Heller said after the vote. “Our delegation has fought for years to defund studies and processes leading to the approval of Yucca Mountain. Now we have someone who specifically lobbied the administration and Congress in favor of Yucca Mountain, as recently as two years ago, to oversee finances and implement departmentwide programs.” …


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  • rogerthat

    https://www.bellingcat.com/news/2014/12/08/depleted-uranium-the-new-agent-orange/

    Depleted Uranium: The New Agent Orange

    Dec 8
    By Aliaume Leroy

    … DU ammunitions appear to be correlated with increased health risks. The various discordant claims and the politicization of the issue however impede the formulation of a conclusive and definitive statement.

    As Doug Rokke, a former Pentagon DU expert, eloquently puts it: “[DU] is the Agent Orange of the 1990s.”[28] More research is certainly needed to understand clearly DU’s impacts on health.

    Yet, the US army is still using DU despite the controversy that surrounds it and the fact that its efficiency has remained unaccounted for. Why? Too much is at stake.

    If DU was found to be highly dangerous for the health and the environment, governments – mainly the US, UK, France, China and Russia – will be forced to remove this effective weaponry from their respective military arsenals and stop short nuclear plants (that use enriched uranium): An unwanted scenario for those countries as well as for the defence and nuclear industries…

    - this is a fine overview, the best piece i've seen so far on DU


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