Major report on plutonium published in Mainichi by expert senior writer

Published: December 11th, 2011 at 10:04 am ET
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Plutonium brings no real chance of prosperity, Mainichi Daily News by Takao Yamada, Expert Senior Writer, Dec. 5, 2011:

Some readers appear to wonder why I recently write only about nuclear power generation in this column. I do so because I believe that it is a crucial issue that will determine the fate of Japan as well as the whole world. [...]

[There] is the growing awareness that plutonium offers no positives, while also being a terrible nuisance. [...]

It is not enough for the government to talk only about the dream of “prosperity” built on dependence on nuclear power. Japan’s ability to overcome the mess that follows such prosperity is now being tested.

‘Recycling’

  • Nuclear fuel recycling refers to a process of treating spent nuclear fuel from nuclear power stations with chemicals and extracting reusable uranium and plutonium from
  • [U.K.] has been unsuccessful in producing such fuel
  • The same is true with Japan
  • Areva SA, a nuclear technology company in France, is now manufacturing plutonium-uranium MOX
  • Questions remain as to its quality

The Future

Read More: MOX plant using weapons-grade plutonium being built at S. Carolina site with ominous looking reactors -- Located on top of region's most dangerous fault line (PHOTOS & VIDEO)

Published: December 11th, 2011 at 10:04 am ET
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Related Posts

  1. Gov’t Report: Plutonium releases from Fukushima a major concern — ‘Uncertainty’ over how far molten fuel has eaten through “what remained of primary containment” February 16, 2014
  2. Nuclear Expert: Plutonium in water leaking into ocean is “the most dangerous thing” at Fukushima, it can be carried around world and end up on a beach or in fish — Researcher: Plutonium contamination “a serious threat to environment and human health” (AUDIO) December 9, 2013
  3. Mainichi Expert Sr. Writer: All of eastern Japan evacuated if Fukushima plant was abandoned? May 22, 2012
  4. Mainichi on the Plutonium Paradox in Japan — What do you do with spent MOX fuel? January 28, 2012
  5. Mainichi: Japan’s secret promise with U.S. to burn plutonium — “It is abnormal for sure” — “Expected to stir up controversy” July 2, 2013

60 comments to Major report on plutonium published in Mainichi by expert senior writer

  • Mack Mack

    Dangerous, Dirty and Expensive. Why Extracting Plutonium from Nuclear Reactor Spent Fuel is a Bad Idea:

    http://www.nirs.org/radwaste/reprocessing/ucsreprocessingfs0508.pdf

    *************************************************

    Raise Public Awareness! Email this link to every one you know. Downwinders of California benefit if it passes, too:

    http://sanonofresafety.org/print-petition/


    Report comment

    • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

      Hi Mack, is there any possibility to see how many signatures have already been made for the petition??


      Report comment

      • Mack Mack

        Hi B&B – I honestly don’t know. It’s not my petition, I’m just raising public awareness like Whoopie does :)

        I do know that it’s not an on-line petition. The petition is downloaded, printed out and then signatures on hard-copy (paper).

        I’m curious, why do you ask about how many signatures there are?


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        • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

          @Mack, because I think it would be fueling to see the numbers rise from week to week…imagine if all needed signatures were there 2 months in advance!
          And I felt deeply depressed after watching the WH petition againt nuclear fail in autumn – not even 5000 signatures….that was just..you know.
          I’m uneasy with the thought that this might happen again.


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          • Mack Mack

            Hi B&B! I completely understand, which is why every one of us is needed to raise awareness.

            Also getting the truth out is important for it to succeed.

            For example, just a few days ago, an op-ed in a CA newspaper was saying that closing the plants will cause blackouts.

            But the head of the initiative, Ben Davis, Jr., counter-punched with this:

            “Had you taken the time to discuss this with me prior to writing the OC editorial, I would also have demonstrated to you that the LAO has no written evidence from any state energy agency, or anyone else, suggesting that rolling blackouts will occur thus costing us billions.”


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            • Mack Mack

              Where is MOTHRA??!! She’s such a brilliant go-getter that she could probably get tons of valid signatures in one day, imho!! haha :)


              Report comment

            • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

              Hi Mack, glad you said that. Looking at the petition’s site, I think the whole “background” is missing / needs clarification. So many people are still completely uninformed aboutthe alternatives.

              I think many will say “Yes, I’d be happy to scrap those plants, but how can we meet our energy needs without them? And what about the jobs?” And then they will not sign.
              Mr Davis should absolutely add those info on his website.

              This is a link to a document called “100 good reasons against nuclear” we used a lot over the last years here in Germany. You could order it as small brochures, send e-cards, ….lots of stuff which helped a lot. Just an idea!
              http://100-gute-gruende.de/pdf/g100rs_en.pdf

              *peace


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          • dharmasyd dharmasyd

            The White House deliberately? made it’s on-line petition virtually unusable. I tried everyday for about 4 weeks. I wrote the distributors. I wrote the WH. No reply from WH. Distibutors told me to keep trying. I did, but could never get it to work.

            I think the WH was afraid of getting many signatures


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  • James2

    You need only replay the explosion of Fuku #3 on March 14th to understand why plutonium is a bad idea.

    The US threatens to go to war with countries who produce plutonium. We spend billions of dollars trying to keep plutonium out of the hands of our enemies, yet the dirtiest bomb ever exploded went off in Fukushima as a result of MOX fuel.


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  • VanneV anne

    Plutonium is “a terrible nuisance”? Surely that is a very DANGEROUS UNDERSTATEMENT!!!! It’s death to the planet and all living organisms. Humans are too incompetent to handle plutonium. And all the radiation is making their brains DUMBER and DUMBEST.


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  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    ..lol…I bet…Jaczko’s type is so hard to peg…


    Report comment

  • thelili

    HOTR Jaczko’s type I don’t think is hard to peg:

    He is a sociopath that will do any say anything to get what he wants.


    Report comment

  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    I deal in copyright theft…I know the type..
    Kings in their own minds….


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  • thelili

    @HOTR definitely. Most definitely. I just woke up(my sleep is not the greatest lately since all the dispensaries in my county got shut down last week) but I swear I’m at the point of “leaking” something to TMZ or the Enquirer.


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  • or-well

    Japan, similar to other developed nations, doesn’t NEED to use as much energy as it does.
    Japans’ DEMOGRAPHIC future is set – they WILL have a lower population.
    (without any other factors such as health making it worse, and without absurdly and unrealistically high immigration counteracting it, or a babyboom, also unlikely for many reasons.)
    BUT – Japan has few MAINSTREAM natural energy resources of its’ own.
    (Geologically, if ever there was a country that shouldn’t go nuclear Japan is it.
    But they have and it’s entrenched, deeply insinuated into Media, Education, Government and Industry.)
    With declining availability of conveniently-located and economical-to- extract energy resources globally,they will pay more for their energy imports,at the same time as they are in difficult economic circumstances.
    Without nuclear, they’re in a pickling brine, as far as electrical generation goes.
    Burning Coal, Liquified Natural Gas, Biomass are not solutions. Oil is too energy-dense to waste burning it for electicity.
    They need to exploit their shrinking population to their benefit, develop and exploit renewables to the max, while reducing weaklink-vulnerability to mass-grid distribution systems.Not a bad idea for the rest of us too.

    Imports of Coal, Liquified Natural Gas,Oil


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    • or-well

      Behind cute little Plutonium-kun, his childish innocence and sweet voice stood a monster manipulating him as it did and does the rest of its’ nuke-puppets in Japan and elsewhere.
      The illusion of perpetual growth on a finite planet is well promoted, but it’s impossible.
      It’s almost as if Japan were a lab experiment, a sample of what not to do, an opportunity to face what we must do if we are to have a civilisation.
      Energy austerity doesn’t have to mean gated communities and limos for the one percent and hovels and two footed traction for everyone else.
      And it doesn’t have to mean a lack of culture, or absence of love and happiness and all the good things that have sustained humanity since whenever.
      We can’t have everything we WANT, but we can have what we need if we’re smart and determined enough to get the predators out of the way.
      I’m tired and sometimes so sad it hurts as much as the rage I sometimes feel frightens me, but I am not without HOPE because there are alternatives.
      Enough ranting. Sorry.
      All I wanted to say really was that we support Japan and their opportunity to change by everything we do right in our own lives and communities.


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      • BreadAndButter BreadAndButter

        Hi or-well, why do you think biomass is not an option for Japan?


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        • or-well

          Hi BreadAndButter
          I oversimplified,trying to keep the post a manageable length and speak from more of a national perspective.
          It’s still all less coherent than I’d like. I got upset for a bit.
          I believe Biomass is one of a suite of options that must be used, where appropriate, where the Energy Return On Energy Invested makes sense.
          So I’m thinking a local warehouse, factory, housing complex, industrial park, whatever scale-up works, as stand-alone system or in conjunction with some other approach more likely.
          I’m thinking local, de-centralised complementary systems that aren’t so dependant on larger grid linkages, “grids” that are neighborhood/Ward/Village/Town/District sizes, “grids” that aren’t dependent on vast Capital-intensive networks under National/Multinational entities with all the expense of development,repair, maintenace,on such huge scales that render them vulnerable to local shocks.
          Redundancy is important. Remember the big blackout earlier last decade ?
          So, Biomass sure and every other way too,where and when appropriate but there’s – crap,I forget the term – it’s about consistent load or something on electrical distribution systems – same problem they have tying wind in.
          I’m no expert, I’m learning,there’s so much could/needs to be done.


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  • thelili

    @Payattention no honey that is not how it works. Journalists get paid far more to bury a story than to print it.

    The ONLY time that works is if the news organization in question thinks they will get scooped on something truly juicy.


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    • PayAttention

      hi thelili — you’re right, but i was talking about commenting on articles from other news sources…

      if we all just comment at enenews, that’s great, but we’re also ‘preaching to the choir’

      for example, if the drudgereport links an article about japan but no one comments on it, it will look like there’s no public interest in japan stories, so they won’t link japan stories anymore

      that’s why it’s good to also comment on other articles.


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  • thelili

    @Payattention Lol you must not know me. At the beginning I was known here as Shaktas. But since I know longer perform them(Shaktas)I no longer go by that name.

    All I do is repost on other sites until I am banned. That’s how I know the process. I never stop posting :)


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  • Does anyone know where there is a complete list of all of the nuclear breakdown products from a nuclear accident?

    In other words, starting with what is inside the nuclear reactor, what comes out and how long does it last, and what does it break down to, over what period of time?

    I have not been able to find a complete list or chart showing all of the daughter products from even one nuclear element, much less all of the ones found inside of a meltdown, meltthrough..


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    • VanneV anne

      Here are some:
      [NOTE: Half-life is the time taken for a radioactive substance to decay by half.] * Cesium-134 ~ 2 years * Cesium-137 ~ 30 years * Iodine-131 ~ 8 days * Plutonium-239 ~ 24,200 years * Ruthenium-103 ~ 39 days [Ruthenium is a fission product of uranium-235.] * Ruthenium-106 ~ 374 days * Strontium-90 ~ 28.85 years [Strontium-90 is a product of nuclear fission and is found in large amounts in spent nuclear fuel and in radioactive waste from nuclear reactors.] * Uranium-234 ~ 246,000 years * Uranium-235 ~ 703.8 million years * Uranium-238 ~ 4.468 billion years
      [NOTE: Half-life is the time taken for a radioactive substance to decay by half.] * Cesium-134 ~ 2 years * Cesium-137 ~ 30 years * Iodine-131 ~ 8 days * Plutonium-239 ~ 24,200 years * Ruthenium-103 ~ 39 days [Ruthenium is a fission product of uranium-235.] * Ruthenium-106 ~ 374 days * Strontium-90 ~ 28.85 years [Strontium-90 is a product of nuclear fission and is found in large amounts in spent nuclear fuel and in radioactive waste from nuclear reactors.] * Uranium-234 ~ 246,000 years * Uranium-235 ~ 703.8 million years * Uranium-238 ~ 4.468 billion years
      http://ascendingstarseed.wordpress.com/tag/daughter-products/


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    • VanneV anne

      Nuclear Power, Radiation, and Disease [by Helen Caldicott, MD]

      “When humans succeeded in splitting atoms, they also embarked upon a process that would inevitably increase the levels and diversity of background radiation on the earth. The process of fissioning uranium in nuclear reactors creates more than 200 new, man-made radioactive elements. Some “live” for only seconds; some remain radioactive for millions of years.

      “Once created, these diabolical elements will inevitably find
      their way into the environment and will eventually enter the reproductive organs of plants, animals, and humans, where they will mutate the genes in reproductive cells to cause disease and death in the immediate generation or pass a hidden genetic disease to distant offspring down the time track. This is because, as explained above, most mutations cause disease, whereas advantageous mutations are infrequent and require millions of years to express themselves….”
      http://www.helencaldicott.com/chapter3.pdf


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    • VanneV anne

      Types of Nuclear Waste
      http://library.thinkquest.org/17940/texts/nuclear_waste_types/nuclear_waste_types.html

      Health concerns
      For introduction of radionuclides into organism, ingestion is the most important route. Insoluble compounds are not absorbed from the gut and cause only local irradiation before they are excreted. Soluble forms however show wide range of absorption percentages.[12]
      Isotope Radiation Half-life GI absorption Notes
      Strontium-90/yttrium-90
      β 28 years 30%
      Caesium-137
      β,γ 30 years 100%
      Promethium-147
      β 2.6 years 0.01%
      Cerium-144
      β,γ 285 days 0.01%
      Ruthenium-106/rhodium-106
      β,γ 1.0 years 0.03%
      Zirconium-95
      β,γ 65 days 0.01%
      Strontium-89
      β 51 days 30%
      Ruthenium-103
      β,γ 39.7 days 0.03%
      Niobium-95
      β,γ 35 days 0.01%
      Cerium-141
      β,γ 33 days 0.01%
      Barium-140/lanthanum-140
      β,γ 12.8 days 5%
      Iodine-131
      β,γ 8.05 days 100%
      Tritium
      β 13 years 100% tritiated water can absorb through skin
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_fission_product


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    • VanneV anne

      Contents
      [hide]
      • 1 Krypton 83-86
      • 2 Rubidium 85,87
      • 3 Strontium 88-90
      • 4 Yttrium 89
      • 5 Zirconium 90-96
      • 6 Molybdenum 95, 97, 98, 100
      • 7 Technetium 99
      • 8 Ruthenium 101-106
      • 9 Rhodium 103
      • 10 Palladium 105-110
      • 11 Silver 109
      • 12 Cadmium 111-116
      • 13 Indium
      • 14 Tin 117-126
      • 15 Antimony 121,123
      • 16 Tellurium 125, 128, 130
      • 17 Iodine 129, 131
      • 18 Xenon 131-136
      • 19 Caesium 133, 134, 135, 137
      • 20 Barium 138, 139
      • 21 Lanthanides (lanthanum 139, cerium 140-144, neodymium 142-146, 148, 150, promethium-147, and samarium 149, 151, 152, 154)
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fission_products_%28by_element%29


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    • VanneV anne

      The following article includes short-term and medium lived products as well. There was too much information to quote:

      Long-lived fission product

      Short-term
      “The radioactivity in the fission product mixture is mostly short-lived isotopes such as I-131 and 140Ba, after about four months 141Ce, 95Zr/95Nb and 89Sr take the largest share, while after about two or three years the largest share is taken by 144Ce/144Pr, 106Ru/106Rh and 147Pm. Note that in the case of a release of radioactivity from a power reactor or used fuel, only some elements are released. As a result the isotopic signature of the radioactivity is very different from an open air nuclear detonation where all the fission products are dispersed……..”
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-lived_fission_products


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    • VanneV anne

      THORIUM BLENDED AND REGULAR MOX BURN-UP STUDIES FOR FAST REACTOR FUEL CYCLE SAFEGUARDS
      http://nsspi.tamu.edu/media/46412/p15_pub2.pdf

      Plutonium
      (Updated April 2009)
      • Over one third of the energy produced in most nuclear power plants comes from plutonium. It is created in the reactor as a by-product.
      http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf15.html

      Decay chain
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decay_chain

      Nuclear Chemistry Nuclear Waste
      http://chemcases.com/nuclear/nc-11.html


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    • VanneV anne

      Plutonium

      Isotopes and synthesis

      “Uranium-plutonium and thorium-uranium chains
      Main article: Isotopes of plutonium

      “Twenty radioactive isotopes of plutonium have been characterized. The longest-lived are plutonium-244, with a half-life of 80.8 million years, plutonium-242, with a half-life of 373,300 years, and plutonium-239, with a half-life of 24,110 years. All of the remaining radioactive isotopes have half-lives that are less than 7,000 years. This element also has eight metastable states, though none are stable and all have half-lives less than one second.[7]

      “The isotopes of plutonium range in mass number from 228 to 247. The primary decay modes of isotopes with mass numbers lower than the most stable isotope, plutonium-244, are spontaneous fission and α emission, mostly forming uranium (92 protons) and neptunium (93 protons) isotopes as decay products (neglecting the wide range of daughter nuclei created by fission processes). The primary decay mode for isotopes with mass numbers higher than plutonium-244 is β emission, mostly forming americium (95 protons) isotopes as decay products. Plutonium-241 is the parent isotope of the neptunium decay series, decaying to americium-241 via β or electron emission.[7][24]

      “Plutonium-238 and 239 are the most widely synthesized isotopes.[8] Plutonium-239 is synthesized via the following reaction using uranium (U) and neutrons (n) via beta decay (β−) with neptunium (Np) as an intermediate:[25]

      “Neutrons from the fission of uranium-235 are captured by uranium-238 nuclei to form uranium-239; a beta decay converts a neutron into a proton to form Np-239 (half-life 2.36 days) and another beta decay forms plutonium-239.[26] Workers on the Tube Alloys project had predicted this reaction theoretically in 1940.
      “Plutonium-238 is synthesized by bombarding uranium-238 with deuterons (D, the nuclei of heavy hydrogen) in the following reaction:[27]


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      • VanneV anne

        [cont.]
        “In this process, a deuteron hitting uranium-238 produces two neutrons and neptunium-238, which spontaneously decays by emitting negative beta particles to form plutonium-238.

        “Decay heat and fission properties

        “Plutonium isotopes undergo radioactive decay, which produces decay heat. Different isotopes produce different amounts of heat per mass. The decay heat is usually listed as watt/kilogram, or milliwatt/gram. In case of larger pieces of plutonium (e.g. a weapon pit) and inadequate heat removal the resulting self-heating may be significant. All isotopes produce weak gamma on decay.

        Decay heat of plutonium isotopes[28]

        “Isotope Decay mode
        Half-life (years) Decay heat (W/kg) Spontaneous fission neutrons (1/(g•s)) Comment
        “Pu-238
        alpha to U-234
        87.74 560 2600 Very high decay heat. Even in small amounts can cause significant self-heating. Used on its own in radioisotope thermoelectric generators.

        “Pu-239
        alpha to U-235
        24100 1.9 0.022 The principal fissile isotope in use.
        “Pu-240
        alpha to U-236, spontaneous fission 6560 6.8 910 The principal impurity of the Pu-239 isotope. The plutonium grade is usually listed as percentage of Pu-240. High spontaneous fission hinders use in nuclear weapons.
        “Pu-241
        beta, to Am-241
        14.4 4.2 0.049 Decays to americium-241; its buildup presents a radiation hazard in older samples.
        “Pu-242
        alpha to U-238
        376000 0.1 1700
        “Americium-241, the decay product of plutonium-241, has half-life of 430 years, 1.2 spontaneous fissions per gram per second, and decay heat of 114 watts per kilogram. As its decay produces highly penetrative gamma rays, its presence in plutonium, determined by the original concentration of plutonium-241 and the sample age, increases the radiation exposure of surrounding structures and personnel….


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      • VanneV anne

        [cont.]
        “Mixed oxide fuel
        “Main article: Nuclear reprocessing

        “Spent nuclear fuel from normal light water reactors contains plutonium, but it is a mixture of plutonium-242, 240, 239 and 238. The mixture is not sufficiently enriched for efficient nuclear weapons, but can be used once as MOX fuel. Accidental neutron capture causes the amount of plutonium-242 and 240 to grow each time the plutonium is irradiated in a reactor with low-speed “thermal” neutrons, so that after the second cycle, the Plutonium can only be consumed by fast neutron reactors. If fast neutron reactors are not available (the normal case), excess Plutonium is usually discarded, and forms the longest-lived component of nuclear waste. The desire to consume this Plutonium and other transuranic fuels and reduce the radiotoxicity of the waste is the usual reason nuclear engineers give to make fast neutron reactors.

        “The most common chemical process, PUREX (Plutonium–URanium EXtraction) reprocesses spent nuclear fuel to extract plutonium and uranium which can be used to form a mixed oxide “MOX fuel” for reuse in nuclear reactors. Weapons grade plutonium can be added to the fuel mix. MOX fuel is used in light water reactors and consists of 60 kg of plutonium per tonne of fuel; after four years, three-quarters of the plutonium is burned (turned into other elements).[33] Breeder reactors are specifically designed to create more fissionable material than they consume.

        “MOX fuel has been in use since the 1980s and is widely used in Europe.[75] In September 2000, the United States and the Russian Federation signed a Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement by which each agreed to dispose of 34 tonnes of weapon grade plutonium.[76] The U.S. Department of Energy plans to dispose of 34 tonnes of weapon grade plutonium in the United States before the end of 2019 by converting the plutonium to a MOX fuel to be used in commercial nuclear power reactors.[76]


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      • VanneV anne

        [cont.]
        “MOX fuel improves total burnup. A fuel rod is reprocessed after three years of use to remove waste products, which by then account for 3% of the total weight of the rods.[33] Any uranium or plutonium isotopes produced during those three years are left and the rod goes back into production.[note 10] The presence of up to 1% gallium per mass in weapon grade plutonium alloy has the potential to interfere with long-term operation of a light water reactor.[77]

        “Criticality potential

        “A sphere of simulated plutonium surrounded by neutron-reflecting tungsten carbide blocks in a re-enactment of Harry Daghlian’s 1945 experiment

        “Toxicity issues aside, care must be taken to avoid the accumulation of amounts of plutonium which approach critical mass, particularly because plutonium’s critical mass is only a third of that of uranium-235.[8] A critical mass of plutonium emits lethal amounts of neutrons and gamma rays.[99] Plutonium in solution is more likely to form a critical mass than the solid form due to moderation by the hydrogen in water.[14]
        “Criticality accidents have occurred in the past, some of them with lethal consequences. Careless handling of tungsten carbide bricks around a 6.2 kg plutonium sphere resulted in a fatal dose of radiation at Los Alamos on August 21, 1945, when scientist Harry K. Daghlian, Jr. received a dose estimated to be 5.1 Sievert (510 rems) and died 25 days later.[100][101] Nine months later, another Los Alamos scientist, Louis Slotin, died from a similar accident involving a beryllium reflector and the same plutonium core (the so-called “demon core”) that had previously claimed the life of Daghlian.[102] These incidents were fictionalized in the 1989 film Fat Man and Little Boy.


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      • VanneV anne

        [cont.]
        “In December 1958, during a process of purifying plutonium at Los Alamos, a critical mass was formed in a mixing vessel, which resulted in the death of a chemical operator named Cecil Kelley.[103] Other nuclear accidents have occurred in the Soviet Union, Japan, the United States and many other countries.[103]

        “Flammability

        “Metallic plutonium is a fire hazard, especially if the material is finely divided. In a moist environment, plutonium forms hydrides on its surface, which are pyrophoric and may ignite in air at room temperature. Plutonium expands up to 70% in volume as it oxidizes and thus may break its container.[104] The radioactivity of the burning material is an additional hazard. Magnesium oxide sand is probably the most effective material for extinguishing a plutonium fire. It cools the burning material, acting as a heat sink, and also blocks off oxygen. Special precautions are necessary to store or handle plutonium in any form; generally a dry inert gas atmosphere is required.[104][105][note 11]
        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium


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    • VanneV anne

      Link given by Bobby1 on another thread http://enenews.com/alert-japan-expert-nuclear-explosion-reactor-3-believe-fuel-rods-blown-spent-fuel-pool#comment-168536

      The Facts Concealed by Japanese Government: Iodine 135, Xenon 133, Tellurium 132, Promethium 15 and More Detected; Land Surface Cesium 137 Reaches Over 80 Ci/km2 in Iitate Village (37km from Fukuoka Daiichi), 1.4Ci/km2 in Chiba (220km); WSPEEDI Still Undisclose

      “…It is important to know that Iodine 131 becomes Xenon 131m, Iodine 135 becomes Xenon 135, and Xenon 135 becomes Cesium 135 (which half-life is 2,300,000 years) after omitting all the radiation. Then, can it be said that there must be huge amount of Cesium 135 have been accumulated on the land of Japan? (Does anyone know of data on Cesium 135 in Japan?)…”
      http://onioni2.blogspot.com/2011/05/cesium134136-xenon-133-tellurium-129132.html


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      • Bobby1

        Yes, there is cesium-133, 134, 135, 136, and 137… all of it affects the heart.

        I don’t even want to speculate on what that Promethium does to people. I’m sure it isn’t good.


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    • VanneV anne

      More daughter products:

      The CTBTverification significance of particulate radionuclides detected by the InternationalMonitoring System
      http://www.nrl.moh.govt.nz/faq/nrlreport2005-1.pdf


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  • thelili

    Hey there Whoopie I think I was in the middle of a rant when I switched over but I thought I posted the new name. I am trying to get Mike(Rivero) to switch back over but he’s focused on the election. Jeff (Rense) is doing well with the reposting of Enenews stuff.


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  • thelili

    Lol Whoopie Honey that’s what I’m trying to say: I never left. I have been here every day even if I did not post here. I have been cutting and pasting Enenews to different sites under alts. Some sites do not want government attention. This is why it has been difficult. No blogger wants to fall anywhere under the Patriot Act shutdown dramas that are about to happen.

    That’s why I knew to warn the admins when people were coming after them lol.

    But seriously we are getting attention that is about to be a problem so make sure everything is backed up.


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  • thelili

    At this point the mods should be keeping track of people that are not the norm. That way they can do a little backtracking to see who really is coming on this site and viewing posts.

    You’d be surprised to know about the people that check in here :)


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  • bc

    How can we speak privatly


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  • kongrufus kongrufus

    Hello all. Have been reading enenews daily for about 6 months here in denmark now. Nobody in my country seems to want to know about how bad it really is. Since late march, frustratingly few stories have made it to the headlines of nationwide media and to the best of my knowledge no measurements of radiation has been done except at two aerial measuring stations. I’m -seriously- considering getting hold of a geiger counter myself, but the price tag is beyond my wallet for now. It is really good to see that you community members seem to finally have some success in raising awareness about what’s going on in japan and at the plant. While reading through some of the comments today i finally decided to get a username to let you know that shortly i’ll be sending mails with enenews links to several danish TV and radio stations hoping to finally wake people up around here. It might contribute a bit to your world-wide snowball ;-) I have had nuclear-stuff as kind of a hobby ever since i was old enough seek out and read the info myself (I was 10 when chernobyl happened and i still remember what little i understood back then vividly) so when fuku happened i already knew it was going to be bad. That was only until i found this site and learned the true scale of this immense disaster. I am deeply saddened by what has happened and i sincerely hope that this is not the end for japan. Or the rest of the world for that matter!


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    • or-well

      WelcomeSame here (Canada)
      Few stories, few seem to care

      Are any Danes blogging about it ?


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      • kongrufus kongrufus

        Thanks :-) Not really, a few posts here and there once in a while but no dedicated attempts unfortunately. I have now sent a ton of links to stories at enenews to the media in our country and i am hoping that if other danes do the same, things will change here soon.


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  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    @kongrufus.. hello and welcome…I’m too sleepy at the moment to say anything of much value…
    ..but welcome…


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