Now 20 quakes centered in Fukushima beginning with M5.9 just over 24 hours ago — Consecutive M4.4s in last 30 minutes

Published: April 14th, 2012 at 11:35 am ET
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Title: Earthquake Information
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

00:12 JST 15 Apr 2012 00:08 JST 15 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.4 2
00:08 JST 15 Apr 2012 00:05 JST 15 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.4 2
23:18 JST 14 Apr 2012 23:13 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.0 1
23:10 JST 14 Apr 2012 23:05 JST 14 Apr 2012 Miyagi-ken Oki M2.6 1
22:58 JST 14 Apr 2012 22:53 JST 14 Apr 2012 Ibaraki-ken Oki M3.8 1
22:22 JST 14 Apr 2012 22:17 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.3 1
21:44 JST 14 Apr 2012 21:40 JST 14 Apr 2012 Tokara-retto Kinkai M4.7 3
20:12 JST 14 Apr 2012 20:08 JST 14 Apr 2012 Iwate-ken Oki M4.2 2
20:04 JST 14 Apr 2012 20:00 JST 14 Apr 2012 Ibaraki-ken Oki M3.6 1
19:56 JST 14 Apr 2012 19:51 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.6 2
19:52 JST 14 Apr 2012 19:48 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.5 2
19:01 JST 14 Apr 2012 18:57 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M3.9 1
18:30 JST 14 Apr 2012 18:25 JST 14 Apr 2012 Ibaraki-ken Oki M5.0 3
18:10 JST 14 Apr 2012 18:06 JST 14 Apr 2012 Ibaraki-ken Oki M3.9 1
17:50 JST 14 Apr 2012 17:46 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.3 3
11:38 JST 14 Apr 2012 11:33 JST 14 Apr 2012 Ibaraki-ken Hokubu M3.3 1
11:15 JST 14 Apr 2012 11:10 JST 14 Apr 2012 Chiba-ken Toho-oki M3.9 1
10:16 JST 14 Apr 2012 10:11 JST 14 Apr 2012 Iwate-ken Oki M4.3 2
07:58 JST 14 Apr 2012 07:54 JST 14 Apr 2012 Chiba-ken Toho-oki M3.6 2
04:42 JST 14 Apr 2012 04:37 JST 14 Apr 2012 Hokkaido Hokusei-oki M2.6 1

04:03 JST 14 Apr 2012 04:00 JST 14 Apr 2012 Ibaraki-ken Oki M3.9 3
03:29 JST 14 Apr 2012 03:25 JST 14 Apr 2012 Miyagi-ken Oki M4.4 2
01:56 JST 14 Apr 2012 01:52 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.3 2
01:01 JST 14 Apr 2012 00:57 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.1 1
00:59 JST 14 Apr 2012 00:55 JST 14 Apr 2012 Sanriku Oki M4.8 1
00:30 JST 14 Apr 2012 00:26 JST 14 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.4 2
00:01 JST 14 Apr 2012 23:56 JST 13 Apr 2012 Miyagi-ken Oki M3.3 1
23:58 JST 13 Apr 2012 23:53 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.2 2
21:56 JST 13 Apr 2012 21:52 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M3.6 1
21:33 JST 13 Apr 2012 21:30 JST 13 Apr 2012 Ibaraki-ken Oki M4.2 3
21:20 JST 13 Apr 2012 21:15 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M3.4 1
21:16 JST 13 Apr 2012 21:12 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M5.2 3
20:09 JST 13 Apr 2012 20:04 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.0 1
19:38 JST 13 Apr 2012 19:33 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.1 2
19:21 JST 13 Apr 2012 19:16 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M4.5 2
19:21 JST 13 Apr 2012 19:10 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M5.9 4
19:14 JST 13 Apr 2012 19:10 JST 13 Apr 2012 Fukushima-ken Oki M5.9 4 

Published: April 14th, 2012 at 11:35 am ET
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63 comments

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  4. M6.3 quake hits off northeastern Japan — M5.0 in same area 30 minutes later — Hours after three in Fukushima October 1, 2012
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63 comments to Now 20 quakes centered in Fukushima beginning with M5.9 just over 24 hours ago — Consecutive M4.4s in last 30 minutes

  • Anthony Anthony

    How can one NOT acknowledge the location of the coriums in correlation to these quakes? Heat, steam, pressure, fault-lines, groundwater, thousand degrees multiple loose coriums… 20 quakes in 24 hours…..


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    • Gaffney

      Because there is not enough energy to produce these quakes in the reactors. Volcano's don't even make massive quakes and they contain a lot more energy. These quakes are all kilometres down, corium cannot go that far down.

      Japan is on a fault line, it gets quakes all the time.


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      • Anthony Anthony

        *** Volcanic Earthquakes

        Earthquakes related to volcanic activity may produce hazards which include ground cracks, ground deformation, and damage to manmade structures. There are two general categories of earthquakes that can occur at a volcano: volcano-tectonic earthquakes and long period earthquakes. **

        http://www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/hazards/primer/eq.html


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        • patman

          Hydraulic Forces causing earthquakes?

          Possible that underground water is expanding as it is trapped at a high pressure.

          If there is a very high temperature source of sustained heating, like a hot corium, this would cause water expansion around it and the 'hydraulics' would push rock cracks apart.

          These new forces may be in a much different direction than the 'usual' statics in this local system.

          A corium melting it's way down may cap itself with a thick slag plug preventing any water expansion from venting up through the entry hole, the simplest relief.

          Underground water probably wouldn't be able to flash into steam because it is contained under very high pressure because of the weight of the rock above it. This trapped hot water may be above it's 'triple point' (look it up) and incapable of flashing into steam unless it found a vent.

          Water may continue to expand until the heat source temperature is reached minus any entropy into the surrounding rock.

          With hydraulic forces, pressure may be exerted at long distance. By upsetting the static loads of local rock, small earthquakes would happen to regain an equilibrium.

          By then the those hot metals would have moved on to new rock and another water source and start exerting pressure on another set of rocks all over again.

          What do you think about that explanation?


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          • Sharp2197 Sharp2197

            Try this visualization of earthquakes, the area had plenty of earthquakes before the big one. Turn your speakers on.

            http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NSBjEvPH2j4


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          • patman,
            Agree, the pressures of steam are well documented, it can split rock and cause anomalies miles away because of pressures !

            Quakes increase with fracking and they only use pressure to crack rocks under grounds and earthquake increase everywhere fracking is done !

            So steam used to power the industrial revolution can cause devastating results to Japan for miles around !
            Even tidal waves on the west coast !!!!!!


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            • Anthony Anthony

              I cannot rule it out so quickly either.


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              • patman

                Eeks!

                'triple point'?

                Meant 'critical point'.


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                • Anthony Anthony

                  Oh no, you articulate the theory indeed!!!! I mean, who bloody knows…. remember their *booming* quake reports a while ago? I'm just thankful a violent steam event seems to have not transpired! I am most concerned about the concept of the SFP4 or 3 corium setting up and running loose… these smaller multiple current coriums may turn out to just be an appetizer in due time.


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              • They can not stop this process, can not remove the coriums nor can they remove the water from the equation !!!
                A runaway steam pressure machine will go on for years until Fukushima is floating of liquid earth ?


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            • arclight arclight

              patman,
              Agree, the pressures of steam are well documented, it can split rock and cause anomalies miles away because of pressures !

              dont forget the report i dug up that documented the land sinking after the increase in the aquaduct use around daichi by industry (or maybr the nuclear power plant?

              not sure of a correllation to this land sucsidence.. the japanese brought in restrictions on its use.. (wonder if that still applies?) is the land subsiding because the water aquifer is boiling away?? especially directly under daichi?


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          • it was a critical point for hydraulic despotism, when, to their own special horror, they remembered what they had set loose: you cannot get away.


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          • Bobby1

            patman, good point. The expansion of water which is under pressure will move and fracture rock. Plus when it finally vents steam and other gases, they can travel far. The water under Minamisoma is already contaminated, this would explain how the water contamination spreads underground far away from where the coriums are.


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          • Benjamin

            I think, although i know almost nothing about nuclear plants, that water is a substance which, density decreases as its temperature is raised, if you are talking about superheated water it would surely have LESS density than water kept at room temperature. I dont quite see what you are getting at. I reiterate I am not an expert.


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      • Time Is Short Time Is Short

        Scientists have admitted they have no idea what coriums are capable of, and everything going on in Japan is in uncharted territory.

        Looking at the earthquake cluster maps, they're not spread anywhere near evenly along the fault lines, which is what we would see if these were natural earthquakes occurring at this frequency in this time frame. They're all localized in one general spot – Fukushima.

        Nothing anyone can do. Just enjoy what time is left and watch what happens. Spend more time with loved ones, and inform where invited.

        I find most people don't want to hear anything about this. I'm learning to just let them be. I give them a few websites – this being the main one – and let them decide for themselves.

        We all know what's going on. We may disagree with some minor details, but we know what's coming.


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        • Gaffney

          Scientists do know it's boundaries, you cannot produce the amount of energy needed for a reasonably sized earthquake from Corium. Corium's heat is only going effect ground a few hundred feet from it through heat. Newton's laws, conservation of Energy. The worst thing Corium can do is cause a steam explosion sending all the corium into the air and also contaminate the groundwater.

          Linking these quakes to Corium is just, stupid.


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          • I think that scientists do not understand very well how earthquakes work.

            The newly recognized role of fracking in producing earthquakes demonstrates the limits of current earthquake science.

            The potential role of solar flares in producing earth quakes also could not be explained easily within the current accepted frameworks.

            So, who knows what the coriums are capable of?

            It is always a mistake to dismiss an account as "stupid" without adequate evidence.

            This is especially so when appealing to models of the physical world that are blind to the role of atomic physics.


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        • Arizonan Arizonan

          I suspect that both positions above may be true, and that this may have something to do with how spontaneous fission is supposed to work. It may be that the coriums do not have enough energy to produce a really weird series of earthquakes, so long as they have not gone too far, and so long as they are spread out…right…not under pressure, right?

          Yet if the coriums have burrowed further than one might imagine, as was indicated by the guesstimates of speed in some of the early NRC-released FOIA documents, then the coriums – one or more – may find themselves increasingly under pressure, if they have gone through multiple layers of rocks, for example, they may be getting squeezed together into a smaller package, thus increasing the rate of successful (self-sustaining) neutron bombardment, and releasing more energy. This seems, to me, to be at least a hypothetical possibility.
          Does anyone here remember how the temp guages and rad releases around Dec/Jan kept going up and down, as if (one or more of the) coriums were switching itself on and off? The less we see of that kind of pattern, I think, the deeper they have gone.


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        • mem mem

          I totally agree…good advice, Time is short


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      • HoTaters

        Hopefully not an earthquake swarm prior to another large earthquake ( > 7.0 ). Hopefully.


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    • Spectrometising

      Then there is the what i call the "snail effect". The corium sinks and a little is left behind so that it gets smaller. drier as the blob progresses downward.
      It cannot………..cannot sink/melt, without leaving a part of itself behind as it goes.
      I call it the "snail effect".


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      • Time Is Short Time Is Short

        Or does it melt and absorb the material around it, becoming larger?

        If it does absorb the material around it, does it start converting the trace amounts of radioactive elements it absorbs into something more concentrated and dangerous?

        Or did the coriums merge, creating a super-corium, becoming even larger as it melts its' way down?

        And is this what's causing the lethal "black substances"? It's coming out of the ground, not falling from the air. It doesn't show aerosolized dispersal patterns, but it does show patterns of growth similar to mold. Have we created a new, lethal life form?

        As far as I can tell, no scientist has any clue what's going on down those holes.

        We do know, according to GE, it took about 18 minutes to melt through the containment flooring. After that is anyone's guess.


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        • Spectrometising

          Well i did only say it is my theory. If it is absorbing foreign material around it other than fuel rod pellets it would dilute the corium making it cool down.

          If it is absorbing other nuclear material like fuel rod pellets, then i would suspect it would get hotter and approach a criticality or a critical mass and then it would get hotter and probably burn and boil away. I guess if it is not slammed together like in a nuclear bomb, it stays cool by boiling itself off when there is too much of itself. So i guess it cannot explode or any individual corium puddle cannot get larger by this fact alone. It can only boil and volatilise assisted by the occasional Zirconium fire i suppose.

          RE: The Black substance……….
          I have a gamma spectrum of the black substance performed by one like myself who is an amateur gamma spectrometiser person and i have just seen it for the first time. A few hours ago.

          Hope to get back to you on that one Time Is Short, but i would not like to prognosticate on it until a few more of us have seen it. Keep an eye on this space (below) as this comrade will post, or allow me to post his findings soon.
          https://www.facebook.com/pages/Gamma-Spectacular/146649762066972


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        • patman

          I believe the density and inertness of constituent corium metals would cause this hot liquid mass to hang together as it descends through the rock.

          As in any smelting, a vast difference in density would cause the melted rock to become slag on 'top' of the raindrop shaped corium.

          Nothing is perfect. Eventually small amounts of the molten corium would be left behind in the slag and the amount of metal to maintain criticality would end. The mass should stop descending at that point.


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  • jec jec

    Could be similar effect seen in oil "fracking". The liquid material lubricates layers of the fault. Which allows movement in what would have been a "locked" fault line. Just saying…..others here and readers are likely to have better ideas. But if it quacks like a duck, looks like a duck, acts like a duck..is it a duck?


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    • It's the old post hoc ergo propter hoc problem:

      If A occurs, then B, it doesn't necessarily mean that A caused B to happen.

      1.A1:Tohoku —> B:more little earthquakes
      2.A2: corium melt —> B:more little earthquakes

      In both cases, B follows A, but it doesn't mean A caused B to happen – although 1. has been looked at by the Japanese scientist with a high likelihood – the fault has shifted closer to Fukey.

      But, I suppose you could have:

      A1, A2 —> B: more little earthquakes (maybe a big one)

      But, you'd expect A2 to cause localized quakes epicentered around Fukey — not what's happening.

      Or, is the corium melt causing quakes 30-40 miles out in the ocean. I doubt it.


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  • dosdos dosdos

    First, this level of earthquake activity is not anything new, at least to Japan. There have been plenty of days when a dozen or more earthquakes have been recorded.

    Second, blaming the corium for the earthquakes is pure speculation without a shred of evidence to support the concept. Add to it that the math just doesn't jive, or even come close, to connect the two together as cause and effect.

    By making such speculation, all you do is give the industry shills ammo for calling the opposition fearmongering idiots. If you are going to claim that A caused B, at least support it with some evidence or a substantial physics model that supports the claim. Don't just make claims without something to back it up, or you're setting yourself up for an intellectual bruising. The opposition may be misguided, but they aren't totally stupid.


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    • Time Is Short Time Is Short

      There's no 'physics model' for any of this. It's all speculation, on everyone's part.

      All we know is, it that none of it's good for the human race.

      The only question is how fast is it going to finish us?


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    • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

      The amount of geological destruction is rather localized with fracking.
      I'm not sure that it affects plate motion etc.
      However the New Madrid is fragile in many ways.


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    • I agree. The epicenters are mainly south-east of Fukushima, but still geologically "close" enough to worry about. The latest Arnie radio track mentions a 70% probability of a 7.0 messing up the whole place.

      They're not being caused by corium melt – too far away and related to fault-line shifting (towards Fukushima, or westwards) from the main Tohoku quake.

      They don't need to be caused by corium – they're still dangerous earthquakes close to a nuclear disaster and close to SFP4.


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      • Arizonan Arizonan

        Yes, you are right Pu239, if the quakes had to do with corium melt they should be pretty much right below the plant, not 30-40 miles away in a lateral direction.

        Unless for some reason the corium(s) slid sideways, but there's no reason to suppose that.


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  • Anthony Anthony

    I think aSpadeisaSpade says it best on another similar thread:

    ***aSpadeisaSpade
    April 14, 2012 at 12:31 pm · Reply
    PU239, SnorkY2K, and xdrfox,

    Good comments all. I am not an engineer – nuclear or fluid mechanics – so I am speculating based on a general science background. The corium(s) may not be capable of traveling miles, but the super-heated steam created from them possibly could. And so could the shock waves from a steam explosion.

    When things are uncannily coincidental, it usually means that there is a cause-effect relationship, or a relationship that the two events/objects have to a third event/object. I believe that the coincidence between the meltdowns and the hyper-earthquake activity is too uncanny to be merely an unrelated coincidence.***


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  • VanneV anne

    Earthquake 15 April 2012 00:04 JST
    MAP: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Maps/10/140_35.php

    Magnitude4.5 Date-Time
    • Saturday, April 14, 2012 at 15:04:56 UTC
    • Sunday, April 15, 2012 at 12:04:56 AM at epicenter
    Location37.110°N, 141.220°E Depth51.2 km (31.8 miles)
    RegionNEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
    Distances30 km (18 miles) ENE of Iwaki, Honshu, Japan
    81 km (50 miles) ESE of Koriyama, Honshu, Japan
    98 km (60 miles) SE of Fukushima, Honshu, Japan
    205 km (127 miles) NE of TOKYO, Japan
    Location Uncertaintyhorizontal +/- 23.2 km (14.4 miles); depth +/- 11.4 km (7.1 miles)
    http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/usc00093kq.php


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  • shiverca shiverca

    Oh shit. Does anyone know if someone there is trying to reinforce the structure?

    Or why this info is nowhere on Mainstream news that I can find?


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  • StillJill StillJill

    @shiverca,…..In answering your second question,…I must ask a question: Do you want the 'blue pill', or the 'red pill'?


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  • Cdog

    Where should I move to to get away from the radiation? Would like to stay in America. Currently in Santa Cruz and our beaches are being wasted at 2000 bq for the seaweed.


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    • Time Is Short Time Is Short

      Follow the wind and sea currents. The Southern Hemisphere is the place to go, where is up to you.

      However, if you've been in Santa Cruz since last 3/11, your lungs are full of radionuclide 'hot' particles. You may be breathing more as we speak, but the worst of the damage has been done. You'll take your lungs with you, and they can't be scraped out.

      So, I'd suggest looking to spend the most of your remaining time with loved ones, close to good medical/hospice care, running water and electricity, and little chance of being affected by mass urban unrest. Santa Cruz might be the best place to spend your last days.

      Try to make the best of what's left. We're all in the same boat.


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      • The Blue Light.

        Phew! I sure am glad 'Time is short' is here to cheer us all up and keep our spirits high.
        Keep up the good work.
        I'll just nip off and shoot myself.


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        • flatsville

          ROTFLMOA!!!

          Well, even if you assume the worse, you don't have to roll over and play dead before you are…that's what they'd like you to do.

          Me…I'm not going down without a fight. Demonstrations, shareholders' meetings are all great venues to expose them and make their lives miserable. They and their destructive corporations can still take plenty of our money to live the high life before we ALL go out…but, not on my dime.

          Fight the good fight join nirs.org and beyondnuclear.org


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    • flatsville

      Cdog,

      >>>However, if you've been in Santa Cruz since last 3/11, your lungs are full of radionuclide 'hot' particles.<<<

      No one can say with any certainty how any one person has been affected.

      And this is a best and educated guess for April, 2011–

      >>>As Gundersen explained in an interview last Friday:

      I am in touch with some scientists now who have been monitoring the air on the West Coast and in Seattle for instance, in April, the average person in Seattle breathed in 10 hot particles a day.<<<

      Atmospherically, the Southern Hemisphere may be best where Fukushima is concerned. But let's keep in mind there are 400 reactors world wide. What hemisphere is safe one day may not be safe the next.

      Fight the good fight and join nirs.org or beyondnuclear.org


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    • flatsville

      Cdog,

      List and map of nuclear reactors world wide-

      http://www.euronuclear.org/info/encyclopedia/n/nuclear-power-plant-world-wide.htm

      Also bear in mind that Australia has detected nuclear "clouds" approaching their coasts…at lease twice.

      http://www.sunshinecoastdaily.com.au/story/2012/01/14/radiation-cloud-not-harmful-sunshine-coast/

      So, much for that >>>The Southern Hemisphere is the place to go, where is up to you.<<<


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  • RutherfordsGhost

    How can you re-enforce a structure that is pumping out neutrons and is surrounded by plutonium fragments?


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  • The Blue Light.

    Just a few points.
    1. The coriums cannot explode like a nuclear weapon under pressure. this ivolves causing a phase shift in the structure of the material and altering it density.
    2. The coriums are now or soon will be solid. The fuel will have lost a large part of the heat producing nuclides through radioactive decay.
    3. For the fuel to go critical requires that the neutrons that are released by decay are converted,or moderated, into thermal neutrons. This needs a specific geometry of fuel/moderator/fuel/moderator etc. It cannot happen in a blob surrounded by rock or water.


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    • many moons

      Might not explode but that might not matter either in terms of deaths. I remember reading that after the US bombed Japan with nuclear weapons, researchers were stunned to see the number of deaths that did not occur from such a large explosion and then they were equally surprised to later see the huge number of deaths that followed from fallout. That is why nuclear weapons have changed so much. The weapons that the US dropped on Iraq were devastating to the populations, the civilian personal, and continues to be a horroble situation. The US was able to do this without all the bang and call attention to the fact they were dropping nuclear weapons.

      I think this idea of fallout led to the invention of Haarps and chemtrails etc…the desire to control the atmosphere in the event of nuclear war.


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    • Bobby1

      The corium at Chernobyl cooled off in a couple months to the point where it was no longer flowing. Sand, boron and lead had been put on it, there were no further criticalities.

      At Fukushima, it has been a year and it is still hot. We keep hearing about how it will cool off from decay heat but it is not happening.

      We keep seeing phenomena like blue flashes, rainbow colors around the reactors, steam and smoke coming up from the ground, and iodine-131 detected in sludge. Re-criticalities heat up the coriums again after they have cooled off a little due to decay heat emission.

      No re-criticalities = A multi-Chernobyl event that is going away. After the decay heat is given off, the coriums harden in place.

      Re-criticalities = A continuing catastrophe for the foreseeable future and beyond, a possible ELE.


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  • The Blue Light.

    I feel the problem or re criticalities is real but my experience tells me that in one or all three of the reactors a percentage of the fuel may still be in the reactor. This is very serious because the geometry that is needed for a criticality in low enriched uranium may still exist in the parts of the core that have been left behind. TEPCO keeps trying to fill the RCV with water, whenever this water reaches these core reminents you get the fuel/moderator/fuel/moderator layout I mentioned earlier and the temperature rises and new volatile nuclides are produced.
    This can also happen if the fuel racking in the SFPs are damaged and fuel bundles are piled on top of each other without the boron carbide contained in the racking being in between each bundle to poison the reaction.
    Power is not my area of expertise I was in the weapon business, though I'm now in the clean up the mess business, I know people that are experts and try and consult with them before I comment on areas that I am unsure about.


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  • The Blue Light.

    Also concrete contains sand and control rod assemblies contain boron so the coriums do contain these two items.
    The Chernobyl corium doesn't contain boron or lead, this was proved when samples were taken soon after the accident and studied at the Kurchatov institute in Moscow.
    In the beginning of the Chernobyl accident everyone thought that the fuel was at the bottom of the reactor but it was later found that the explosion had pushed the lid of the reactor up but had also pushed the bottom of the reactor down about six feet. This had allowed nearly all the fuel to drain from the bottom of the reactor. The sand contained in the corium came from sand packed around the reactor as bio shielding in the RBMK reactor series. The tonnes of material dropped by helicopter built a 'crust' over the reactor which prevented the last 30% of the core moderator (graphite) not to burn. Sadly this is all that the dead pilots achieved.


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  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    This set of quakes is still interesting to me..
    Super heated steam travelling miles…
    Gas belching.. Mt Adatara..within kilometers…
    Another bad dream….
    http://www.volcanolive.com/adatara.html


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