Scientists: ‘Spheres’ of radioactive material from Fukushima reported for first time — Ball-like particles composed of cesium, iron, zinc — Solid and insoluble in water — Impact on human health needs to be examined (PHOTOS)

Published: October 24th, 2013 at 8:55 am ET
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Title: Emission of spherical cesium-bearing particles from an early stage of the Fukushima nuclear accident
Source: Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group)
Authors: Kouji Adachi, Mizuo Kajino, Yuji Zaizen & Yasuhito Igarashi
Date Published: Aug. 30, 2013

The Fukushima nuclear accident released radioactive materials into the environment over the entire Northern Hemisphere […] we still do not know the exact physical and chemical properties of the radioactive materials. This study directly observed spherical Cs-bearing particles emitted during a relatively early stage (March 14-15) of the accident. In contrast to the Cs-bearing radioactive materials that are currently assumed, these particles are larger, contain Fe, Zn, and Cs, and are water insoluble. Our simulation indicates that the spherical Cs-bearing particles mainly fell onto the ground by dry deposition. The finding of the spherical Cs particles will be a key to understand the processes of the accident and to accurately evaluate the health impacts and the residence time in the environment.

[…] Although the accident has global impacts, we still do not know exactly what happened in the reactors during the accident […]

We measured the radioactive materials that were collected in the filter at ground level on March 14-15 […] we counted approximately 100 spots caused by radioactive materials, suggesting a concentration of approximately 10 radioactive particles per m³. […]

This study reports for the first time the presence of spherical radioactive Cs-bearing particles emitted from the FNPP during a relatively early stage (March 14-15) of the accident. The particles coexist with Fe, Zn, and possibly other elements, and their diameters are approximately 2 μm. Because these elements were evenly distributed within the particle, we conclude that they are internally mixed and form an alloy. […] Due to its spherical shape and composition, the particle is likely solid and is largely insoluble in water. […]

The spherical Cs-bearing particles likely have longer retention times on the land surface than those of the water-soluble Cs particles. The retention time of the particles in the soil or other environments needs to be reconsidered.

See also: Journal: Unprecedented phenomenon from using saltwater in Fukushima reactors -- Forming new uranium compounds able to travel long distances... "like carbon buckyballs"

Published: October 24th, 2013 at 8:55 am ET
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43 comments to Scientists: ‘Spheres’ of radioactive material from Fukushima reported for first time — Ball-like particles composed of cesium, iron, zinc — Solid and insoluble in water — Impact on human health needs to be examined (PHOTOS)

  • own_quality

    That's just fucking great news.


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  • dosdos dosdos

    These probably formed from gaseous metals that combined into an alloy as they condensed into liquid, then the micro-droplets solidified while still airborne. That would indicate that the process happened well above the ground, probably in the Unit #3 explosion.


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  • wetpwcas1 wetpwcas1

    More bad shitty news to come, for sure!


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  • Sickputer

    Quite a nasty little gumball to be swallowing from the central Japan (and elsewhere) crops. Wonder how far they traveled. Mostly in Japan and the ocean, but sand from Mongolia travels to North America so these new cesiballs might have made it a long way.


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  • Phil Shiffley Phil Shiffley

    Are these what I've seen referred to as "Bucky Balls" in other threads?


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  • Sol Man

    Quickly, we must now study this while we're still here.


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    • Cataclysmic Cataclysmic

      Oh, and don't forget to get angry with the Scientists and all of the Lab workers… that failed to sound the alarm, as we knew it should have been sounded. Many, many, many, studies have been on going, and these lab workers, mass spectrometer techs etc, all have known. All have failed to try to save their own species, much less, other species, in order to maintain their own paychecks. Follow back the reference materials… check out the dates of publications.. notice many are from 2011.. hmm.. and everything is a surprise? We didn't know? No immediate danger… Let's just call it what it is… HORSESHIT!


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  • jackassrig

    "So I just sit and knit." Phyllis in the "Double Indemnity" So the world leaders are knitting. But you know this thing has been on auto pilot for a looong time.


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  • jackassrig

    Below is from WIKI concerning nodular iron.

    "Ductile iron is not a single material but is part of a group of materials which can be produced to have a wide range of properties through control of the microstructure. The common defining characteristic of this group of materials is the shape (morphology) of the graphite. In ductile irons, the graphite is in the form of nodules rather than flakes (as in grey iron, thus inhibiting the creation of cracks and providing the enhanced ductility that gives the alloy its name.[5] The formation of nodules is achieved by addition of nodulizing elements, most commonly Magnesium (note Magnesium boils at 1100C and Iron melts at 1500C) and, less often now, Cerium (usually in the form of Misch metal).[6] Tellurium has also been used. Yttrium, often a component of Misch metal, has also been studied as a possible nodulizer."

    I bring this up because maybe some element in the blast cause the formation of the iron nodules.


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  • bsgcic bsgcic

    Finally, we are seeing some Japanese scientists publishing scientific reports related to the Fukushima NPP!!!
    Hope the the Japanese government does not arrest them using their new information censorship law.


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  • Shaker1

    I think dosdos' supposition is as good as any for the presence of these particles, their shape and composition. Simple explanation, and it's a process used in industry to create metallic particles of odd alloys that would normally segregate with the comparitively slow process of melting, mixing, and soldifying in a mass. Particles such as this can then be sintered.


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  • mairs mairs

    "The finding of the spherical Cs particles will be a key to understand the processes of the accident and to accurately evaluate the health impacts and the residence time in the environment."

    —- Information which they will be sure not to release to the public.


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  • ftlt

    Maybe, they can sell them a souvenirs..

    When radioactive materials became available in the 1920s and 30s they were sold as cure-alls by health hucksters…

    There may be a ground floor entrepreneurial venture awaiting someone on here…


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  • GBCIR

    If you are DISeased by Fukushima (and toxic EVERYTHING from the bank/government/corporate/military anti-life thinking) Then use "Rick Simpson" Cannabis Oil cure.

    Cannabis oil is the cure for ALL disease.

    I am nescient (no knowledge) but I'm not IGNORANT (ignore FACT)


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  • dka

    the sad thing is that Japan is more likely to sell them as food mineral fortifiers.


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  • GBCIR

    And I would add: These micro spheres are found in crop circles AND at the 911 World Trade Centre.

    Doctor Judy Wood has a theory about the micro spheres.

    Phi Mod9 is correct math for free energy. Free energy = NO MONEY required. Free energy can be destructive or FOR LIFE.

    bank/government/corporate/military anti-life thinking is destructive…

    Do your research.

    May Peace Prevail on Earth (and those that want otherwise BE VOID)


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  • newsblackoutUSA newsblackoutUSA

    Below Paper proves Bucky balls in ocean for awhile. Note the comment "capable of traveling long distances"
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3277545/
    http://211.144.68.84:9998/91keshi/Public/File/44/109-6/pdf/1874.full.pdf
    "The Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear accident brought together compromised irradiated fuel and large amounts of seawater in a high radiation field. Based on newly acquired thermochemical data for a series of uranyl peroxide compounds containing charge-balancing alkali cations, here we show that nanoscale cage clusters containing as many as 60 uranyl ions, bonded through peroxide and hydroxide bridges, are likely to form in solution or as precipitates under such conditions. These species will enhance the corrosion of the damaged fuel and, being thermodynamically stable and kinetically persistent in the absence of peroxide, they can potentially transport uranium over long distances."


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  • razzz razzz

    So, they study two plumes, 1st plume from melting cores with no cooling waters involved to arrive at hellish temperatures where those new 200 or so man made elements are reacting with each other to create new compounds (alloys) inside these little balls. 2nd plume studies are particles formed after the injection of cooling water (I think is actually seawater injection) and expectation of elements and their scattering are kinda found to be typical.

    Either way they find radioactivity, some in new forms some in the expected old forms but the new forms disperse differently so they have a hard time trying to track or backtrack the fallout pattern cause they don't understand the properties of the new alloy balls and wonder of the effects on humans…I have another headache.


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  • Shaker1

    I don't know about crop circles, but I imagine that minute spheroids of this kind (the metallic/mineral variety) likely occur at the site of any explosion.

    Now, I'm not knocking your source, newsblackout, but the presence of energy itself in the form of heat is enough to enhance the corrosion of just about any of the metallic substances there. Simply heating a material, as in zirconium, alters its chemical composition and consequently changes its resistence. I've seen corrosion in fabrications simply because of the difference in grain size between welds and the base metal. The simple process of annealing (heating to a temperature that impacts size) usually enlarging the grain (but not always; tungsten is an example). Just changing the grain struture of a material can impact its corrosion resistance. There has been heat on the order of actually creating vapor and boiling of metallic materials. Lord only knows what kind of compounds are present and what their properties might be or their ability to resist breakdown in some manner. These kinds of environments, fortunately, aren't common to require the research, and one assumes that the environment won't be common.


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  • SnorkY2K

    I used to encounter these. My boss used to deny that they even existed. Had to put the building into a superfund clean-up. Our balls were mostly zinc-iron and seemed to form where a cloud over the heated area met humid air and pH shifted. The size seemed to vary by the humidity from almost clay to sand sized.

    I suspect that the source at fukushima would have been galvanized steel heated over 900F. Although that is far under the melting point of steel, dendrites of iron form into the zinc during the galvanizing process and form little alloy fingers into the zinc. These is also above the temperature that any cesium vapor would need. As the fumes rise and meet the cooler humid air they would condense and accumulate.


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  • razzz razzz

    Bucky-balls were known about in the mid eighties. These little alloy spheres are known to the metallurgy industry (absent the radioactivity). Both were not imagined to come flying out of a nuclear meltdown like when saltwater was not expected to be used as direct cooling, that formed bucky-balls where radioactivity could catch a ride inside of them.

    I'm surprised some of these compounds weren't discovered during Chernobyl or TMI meltdowns. Maybe technology was still limited then.


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  • Shaker1

    I have an idea that one gets those kinds of spheroids in any environment in which one boils or vaporizes the material. I have gold teeth, and quickly realized that I didn't for any reason want to Mig weld aluminum. Because of the acidic environment in my mouth and the dissimilar metals, I'd taste the aluminum for days. Then I got to thinking about it, and got to the point where I wouldn't Mig weld anything for any extended amount of time. I won't be convinced that the same vaporization, maybe of less magnitude, is happening in the arc with steel, or stainless, or copper. But any low-melt metals, such as zinc, cadmium, lead, etc. I honestly can't imagine what the insides of my lungs look like.

    And pH is very important. That's one reason why the composition of the water used is of major concern. It's not only mineral deposition on the walls of say, heat exchanger tubes, or the erosion that can come from minerals percipitating out of the water becoming part of the flow. One may as well ask 'what is the composition of corium?' They are dousing this stuff with water of unknown chemical composition, from the sea water to the normal runoff and pickup of minerals from the soil. Who knows what's there?


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  • razzz razzz

    The elements in seawater are known (not counting critters and plant life), that's why it is so scary to use it to directly cool melted cores and why the US told Japan to stop doing that.

    What is in Seawater?

    "…Because water is a powerful solvent, a great number of materials found in seawater are dissolved, and thus exist in their ionic forms. The most abundant ions in seawater are: chloride, sodium, sulfate, magnesium, calcium, potassium, and bicarbonate. These ions, along with the hydrogen and oxygen of water, make up 99.9% of the components of seawater…Taken as a whole, these ions make up the salinity of seawater, which is 3.7% by weight. These ions have some very interesting effects on seawater, which account for the distribution of the life forms inhabiting the oceans. These effects, known as colligative properties, include: lowering the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of seawater, lowering the freezing point, slowing the evaporation, and increasing osmotic pressure with increasing salinity…[continues]"

    http://www.chem.duke.edu/~jds/cruise_chem/oceans/seawater1.html


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    • Cataclysmic Cataclysmic

      Wow, that is quite a dot to add to the thinking. I had realized that the cores were reacting to the saltwater, and of course geological molecules as they burn down into the ground, it occurred that the water that leaked out would be hot/warm in temperature and hot/radioactive in toxicity..I realized how we were creating Frankenstein monster plumes of "never seen before" fall out in the air and water however, I failed to consider how the radiated molecules that are released back into the ocean might interact with some of the other molecules that already exist in seawater possibly altering some of their other properties, could this "hot" water be having a runaway reaction in the salt water on a molecular level as well as a toxicity/radioactive level? Dang, I do not even know what my brain is trying to put together on this one… As if we do not have enough to worry about, this could be very important to think on too. We all know the critters in the sea have been suffering.. is the acidity of the sea changing exponentially from the point of contamination? I wish we had real thinkers not sold out that could be straightforward with us.. it would be so much quicker to find solutions if we could all share what we know… this crisis demands absolute transparency. There is not much time… we have to put all brains on this. Why is Japan spending a dime on Olympics or any brain power on anything but this? Japan is killing the world, we are all in the gas chamber now.


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  • Socrates

    Buckyballs and now spheroids. This is the type of nightmare that I always had over nuclear. I lived upwind from the testing in Nevada during the 50s. Now I'm downwind and down current.

    How much nuclear madness is enough? Duck and cover drills in elementary school. Isn't that child abuse? I saw "Them" – about giant ants; Godzilla, On the Beach…. Dr. STRANGELOVE was good and accurately depicted the insanity.

    Where is the innocence of childhood when the military guys want bigger weapons and justify that with the peaceful atom bullcrap? Trillions have been wasted on bigger weapons and there have been many dozens of meltdowns, most of which were hushed up.if it was so safe, then why cover it up? No money for infrastructure and efucation – just for war. They want to ftighten us with "enemies" – very Machiavellian.

    They will have the spinmeisters say that "It's all good." Why worry about mutations twenty generations fron now? Instead of a one-third chance of cancer, it's fifty percent.

    You can tell that the pro-nukes are not worried until it costs them in the pocket book. That's why they enjoy legal immunity.


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  • obewanspeaks obewanspeaks

    Interesting concepts with energy and maybe something like a big long pipe and when you bang it on one end the vibrations can be felt all the way at the other end. How do we know that the constant release of radiation might not be doing the same thing, like making a chain of vibrating energy stretching all the way across the entire Pacific Ocean. As the radiation reacts with the molecules they interact with the next one and as long as you keep feeding the beast (banging the pipe) she just keeps on vibrating away. Thus feeding the energy directly to the west coast like on a conduit of floating water and not decreasing but constantly increasing in intensity. Thats one big elastic hot prod coming to a neighborhood near you if that is the case. So much for that there dilution theory.

    Maybe why an oar fish might be confused as he senses this ribbon of energy man created? Theory is so much fun..


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  • This is an item of concern for those who still live in Hawaii.

    2 days after a Typhoon hit Japan, and TEPCO admitted large radiation releases due to the storm, radiation levels spike in Hawaii.

    Keep in mind, this will travel to mainland USA and cross over in a day to 4 days.

    Another storm is headed to Fukushima for a 1 -2 punch. This will extend the danger time frame.

    Basic good radiation practice here:

    1) Stay out of the rain

    2) Dose up with anti-oxidants

    3) Run your multiple HEPA filters all the time

    4) Get a Geiger and learn how to use it

    Charts and Maps are Here at the NUKEPRO

    http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2013/10/hawaii-radiation-spiking-2-days-after.html


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  • haizedustrium-1234 haizedustrium-1234

    It was long suspected that it is too hard to liquefy corium as a hole, this is called corium insoluble-re-forged-distribution-variety. They will discover the others as we move along.


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