U.S. gov’t model of Fukushima cesium-137 particles covering Northern Hemisphere (VIDEO)

Published: March 14th, 2013 at 11:46 am ET
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Title: Fukushima Radioactive Aerosol Dispersion
Source: NOAA
h/t NibiruMagick2012, EXSKF

April 12, 2011

The maximum cesium emissions on March 15th are shown by the red color and represent a particle activity of 5E+12 Bq

[...] The 2011 Tohuku East Japan earthquake and resulting tsunami caused a variety of failures at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant which resulted in radioactive emissions to the atmosphere. The earthquake occurred on March 11th at 14:26 Japan Standard Time (JST), the tsunami about one hour later at 15:41, and by 16:36 a nuclear emergency was reported. By the early morning hours of March 12th, radioactive emissions were occurring from the plant.

In this dataset, the simulation from NOAA’s HYSPLIT model shows a continuous release of tracer particles from 12-31 March at a rate of 100 per hour representing the Cesium-137 emitted from Fukushima Daiichi. Each change in particle color represents a decrease in radioactivity by a factor of 10. Radioactivity decreases due to removal by rainfall and gravitational settling. Decay is not a factor for Cesium in this short duration simulation compared to its 30 year long-half life. The air concentration would be computed from the particle density so it is only partially related to the color scale. The released particles are followed through the end of April using meteorological data from the 1-degree resolution NOAA global analyses. [...]

High resolution video here

Published: March 14th, 2013 at 11:46 am ET
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30 comments to U.S. gov’t model of Fukushima cesium-137 particles covering Northern Hemisphere (VIDEO)

  • AFTERSHOCK AFTERSHOCK

    speaking of the Tohoku earthquake, this video gives an idea of the released energy and why those power plants never stood a chance…

    Japan's 2011 Tohoku Earthquake Rattled The Atmosphere

    http://www.technewsdaily.com/17258-japan-s-tohoku-earthquake-rattled-the-atmosphere-video.html


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  • weeman

    Water and air are really good at dispersal and dilution of contaminants , that is why when we pollute our air and water it's effects are world wide, something tells me there is a limit?


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  • hbjon hbjon

    Some things react violently with water in the atmosphere and oceans. Those things never really get attached to water. Instead, they look for things other than water to get all cozy and active with. Atmospherical air is made up of elements and compounds. Some of these compounds are poorly understood. For instance, the dreaded buckyballs. Carbon can surround and insulate an atom of certain elements. Does anyone else find this interesting?


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    • PavewayIII PavewayIII

      I'm a big fan of trapping bad things inside *any* kind of carbon matrix.

      Buckyballs are interesting, but it's hard to put a particular atom or molecule inside one of them – or at least do this on a practical scale. I don't think they are able to build buckyballs from scratch around something else yet.

      Nature provides a much simpler way of concentrating and isolating harmful things – various carbon-based life forms will usually do the job. Plants seem to have a knack for it. The semi-structured carbon matrix is already right there inside the plant. Whatever they bio-accumulate is already there. You just need to remove the water and carbonize whatever is left in the absence of oxygen. Add a few hundred thousand pounds of pressure and you're safe from the unsafe goodies inside. At least for a while.

      Bechtel supposedly can do the same thing with an unstructured silicon dioxide matrix. They hide the bad Hanford things in ceramic. The problem with their idea is that it simultaneously vaporizes billions of taxpayer dollars. I'm not sure if they end up in ceramic or not.


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    • crystalwind crystalwind

      Yes, and here's another interesting angle: What I read today about nano science makes me think the direction of electron flow could be reversed, therefore, would someone out there have the technology to reverse the effects of nuclear contamination, which would clean the air and water. Big leap, I know. I haven't read these sources directly, but some scholars have said that ancient texts like Mahabharat and Vedas describe that a former civilization had nuclear weapons that could be directed to specific small targets and their effects confined to that area, suggesting that it is possible to control this energy to a level not known by the current "controllers." They further describe that the military used to be able to call back and disarm a nuclear weapon once it had been released. Just something interesting I ran into.


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      • hbjon hbjon

        Big leap? Nah, that was twilight zone material. Look, my favorite movies as a kid were Giant Robot and Superman, it's pretty hard to make me go "huh?". But here it goes….."HUH?!" Oh nm, I understand where your coming from. Had to dig out that edition of Popular Mechanics. Good point.


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  • HH

    From NOAA's report:

    " •In general, radioactivity reaching the United States showed air concentrations over 1000 times smaller than areas near Japan."

    1,000 times smaller is not reassuring or small.

    That's still a lot of radiation.

    And why is this NOAA report coming out so late?

    NOAA must have had this information sooner.


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    • I am wondering why this is coming out so late also.

      It is very interesting.

      I would like very much to see the dispersion map from Nov 1 2011 to Jan 15 2012.

      The length of this disaster is contributing to authorities' efforts to hide its scope.

      Moreover, the mantra of "no plutonium" emissions is being chanted very loudly

      But see NukePro's analysis here
      Plutonium admission by the EPA http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2012/03/plutonium-admission-by-epa.html


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      • AFTERSHOCK AFTERSHOCK

        quick hello majia. Thanks for the symposium updates. Hope all went well while you were there. Hopefully, we'll be flagged when the archives are released. Again…THANKS!


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        • Thanks Aftershock

          Has there been any mainstream media coverage of the symposium? I've not seen any yet.


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          • AFTERSHOCK AFTERSHOCK

            only use the net for news, majia. I don't even listen to broadcast radio anymore; streaming alternative sites is now my thing.

            Don't be surprised if there isn't any significant reporting on what you guys are doing. It's a slow – gradual – process in getting attention to these reports. But what you guys have been doing over the last two years on the net has been phenomenal! I give another two years before these revelations become incontrovertible. So, whatever you do, don't be depressed that others aren't following suit…just yet.

            And please check if-and-when the symposium archives become available. I want to make copies for those who didn't have a chance to 'sit in' on it and for those who are still sitting on their brains…


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    • Time Is Short Time Is Short

      "…a 1000 times smaller…"

      Smaller than what? A thousand times less than 1 quadrillion petabecquerals is still more than 1,000,000 times what is necessary to extinguish all life.

      It's all in the perspective. We will be lied to until the day the last one dies.


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  • TheBigPicture TheBigPicture

    Covering the globe, radiation from nuclear disasters, we're forced to be guinea pigs. Definitely not acceptable. Nuclear must be outlawed.


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  • Think this cesium has no impact on human or eco-system health?

    View the video below and check out the book about the eco and human health effects of Chernobyl in the US.

    The US (particularly California) was NOT directly downwind of Chernobyl.

    DeSante, Dave of the Institute for Bird Population in Point Reyes, California interviewed in “Fukushima Fallout – Lessons from Chernobyl by Ecological Options Network” YouTube (uploaded 2011, March 11): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1hcBGSr9QGk.

    Gould, Jay and Benjamin A. Goldman Deadly Deceit: Low-level Radiation, High-level Cover-Up (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows), 1993.


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    • HH

      That's a good video.

      Some interesting points made in the video:

      40,000 excess deaths in the U.S. after Chernobyl (infants, elderly, and immune compromised are particularly affected)

      6% increase in infant mortality seen after Chernobyl

      These deaths occured in May, June, July, August of 1986 after Chernobyl

      Over 60% decrease in birds after Chernobyl

      Radiation is particularly bad when it's ingested

      Low level radiation affects immune-response immediately and creates free radicals

      Natural background levels have an effect on humans, so adding radiation to the background increases the problem


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  • HH

    Radiation in the ocean is bad news for the entire world.

    Look at how the water cycle works:

    Evaporation from oceans, lakes and streams create cloud condensation, which then rains back down on us.

    http://25.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m0sdd89Mpb1qbozjao1_1280.jpg


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    • Ken Buesseler was specifically asked this question at the Symposium during the question-and-answer session and he said cesium could not evaporate from the ocean.

      However, other isotopes can move from ocean to the atmosphere through evaporation so it would be interesting to FACT CHECK his claim that cesium DOES NOT evaporate from the ocean.

      Here is the evidence for other isotopes:

      Pollution in the open ocean: A review of assessments and related studies. November 2009. http://www.gesamp.org/data/gesamp/files/media/Publications/Reports_and_studies_79/gallery_1060/object_1060_large.pdf

      Page 20 section 3.2 Atmospheric Inputs 3.2.1 General Introduction

      “Gaseous and particulate substances present in the atmosphere can deposit and/or exchange directly on the ocean surface, and they can also be incorporated in precipitation

      3.2.2 Heavy Metals: Introduction
      “A number of heavy metals are transported in the atmosphere from the continents to open ocean regions…" [end quote]

      [paraphrasing] research on heavy metals has focused on mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, nickel and cooper…

      “anthropogenic sources dominate for those observed in the remote marine atmosphere, particularly in the Northern hemisphere.” [end quote]

      [paraphrasing] actual research is relatively sparse and discussion moves to what little exists about specific metals

      Lead: “There is clear evidence that human activities have severely altered the atmospheric cycling of mercury.” (p. 21)


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      • CONT.

        “Studies suggest that the concentrations of dissolved gaseous mercury are often supersaturated in surface waters, resulting in a significant flux of elemental mercury to the atmosphere in those regions (Fitzgerald et al 2007). Indeed, there is evidence that the fluxes of mercury from the ocean to the atmosphere globally are similar to the level of anthropogenic emissions” (p. 22)

        Majia here: To repeat: "dissolved gaseous mercury are often supersaturated in surface waters, resulting in a significant flux of elemental mercury to the atmosphere in those regions."


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      • ion jean ion jean

        How is Ken so sure about that? My understanding of Cs137 is that it spontaneously morphs from solid to gas, so if it's floating on the ocean surface and comes into contact with any number of catalysts (sunlight, other pollutants, other fission products, algae, oxygen, BPA plastic, mercury, debris of tsunami, which will include freon and other ghastly chemicals, boat engine oil and gas, and who knows what else) then MY bet it will aerosolize and enter the Jet Stream…


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        • voltscommissar

          Any Pacific coastline can accumulate radiaoactive Cs-137 from the ocean. But the mechanism is NOT spontaneous morph to a gas, it is simply wind-mediated sea spray. We all know salt spray collects on coastal locations, especially where there are strong winds and white-capped waves.

          But it is a minor component of the human risk compared to bioaccumulation on the marine food chain: phytplankton and zooplankton, seaweeds, etc etc right up the food chain concentrate cesium because it "looks like" potassium to their body cells. At the top of the food chain, seals, tuna, whales, walruses, will eventually accumulate the highest concentrations over the next 100 years or so.

          Chernobyl experience of terrestrial food chains shows that the 30-year half life is extended by the constant circulation and concentration of nutrients in the food chain. Caesium as a potassium analogue tricks every living organism into absorbing it, and there is no conceivable way of "immunizing" living cell walls from absorbing this nuclear pollutant.

          The only slightly positive note of marine vs terrestrial is that ocean mixing can have a greater dilution effect compared to land-based nutrient cycling.


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          • ion jean ion jean

            Just like iodine for the thyroid. I believe and practice consuming as much of those nutrients as possible on a weekly basis (low radiation geographically sourced of course, which I've gotten pretty good at…we're all feeling great in VT with just slight immunosuppressing bumps in the road) no excess deaths yet or cancers far as I can observe from healthcare friends…

            Eat well and think well and we've got a fighting chance at survival till we can make those spooks clean up their radioactive mess!


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    • moonshellblue moonshellblue

      You bet it's bad news as it is our bread basket bio accumulation. What a species, to destroy our one and only planet. I think we are past the tipping point and must learn how to adapt living with this devils brew thanks to the military industrial complex and their insatiable appetite for greed, power and of course arrogance. JMHO


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  • We Not They Finally

    It's frustrating for non-scientists that the SCIENCE gets so complex. If anyone can and will, a whole YouTube channel devoted to simplifying the science would be great. Like that there are nearly 2,000 dangerous radionuclides, how they morph into each other, the harm the main ones do, what settles in what parts of the environment, respective medical harm they cause, the timelines by which quicker signs of mutations (like in insects with short life cycles) can be translated to what is expectable in humans, the best nutritional protections, etc., etc. We've even had trouble visualizing what all the various parts of the plant look like and how they are interrelated — where all the rooms are located and their respective functions. How coolant water is brought in, then where it goes, if/how it can be stored, does it re-circulate, and the like. We've been following this for two years best we can WITHOUT being scientists, but some central place for reference (if anyone knows) would be really helpful!


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  • We Not They Finally

    An regarding the above and SCENCE, we did not even know until recently that ANY element apparently, can go radioactive. Like the cattle around Fukushima all started showing up with radioactive silver. It may sound silly, but we thought silver was silver, and we still don't now specifically what RADIOACTIVE silver does except that it has to be bad! Excuse the ignorance. It would just be great to be able to go to some central place to get better educated.


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  • Heart of the Rose Heart of the Rose

    Wofting over the City of London…oh..ya..


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  • voltscommissar

    NOAA must now release the Earth view video that shows contiental US and Europe. It's all hiding arounnd the corner of the Pacific Ocean view.

    Also note the FTP link on the NOAA site, and a large GIF animation of ocean deposition (surface waters!!) at ftp://public.sos.noaa.gov/atmosphere/fukushima/animate_sea.gif

    Note especially that the model assumes all leakage suddenly stopping in December 2011 (on what basis???) and the very interesting "push off" of all polluted waters from the Asian Pacific coasts at that time. Presumably this model reflects the upwelling of fresh cold deep waters in the NW Pacific during early winter.

    It is ONLY a model, so without a detailed description of all the underlying assumptions, it is difficult to make use of the pretty pictures.

    Another IMPORTANT observation is the rapid initial onset of surface water pollution with Cs-137, so clearly this is an atmosphere-ocean model, where atmospheric dispersal and rain-mediated fallout leads to a VERY RAPID rate of travel, much faster than slow ocean currents could possibly do.


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